1,242 research outputs found

    Finite-Temperature Mott Transition in the Two-Dimensional Hubbard Model

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    Mott transitions are studied in the two-dimensional Hubbard model by a non-perturbative theory of correlator projection that systematically includes spatial correlations into the dynamical mean-field approximation. Introducing a nonzero second-neighbor transfer, a first-order Mott transition appears at finite temperatures and ends at a critical point or curve.Comment: 2 pages, to appear in J. Mag. Mag. Mat. as proceedings of the International Conference on Magnetism 200

    Gauge covariant formulation of Wigner representation through deformational quantization --Application to Keldysh formalism with electromagnetic field--

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    We developed a gauge-covariant formulation of the non-equilibrium Green function method for the dynamical and/or non-uniform electromagnetic field by means of the deformational quantization method. Such a formulation is realized by replacing the Moyal product in the so-called Wigner space by the star product, and facilitates the order-by-order calculation of a gauge-invariant observable in terms of the electromagnetic field. An application of this formalism to the linear response theory is discussed

    Intrinsic vs. extrinsic anomalous Hall effect in ferromagnets

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    A unified theory of the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is presented for multi-band ferromagnetic metallic systems with dilute impurities. In the clean limit, the AHE is mostly due to the extrinsic skew-scattering. When the Fermi level is located around anti-crossing of band dispersions split by spin-orbit interaction, the intrinsic AHE to be calculated ab initio is resonantly enhanced by its non-perturbative nature, revealing the extrinsic-to-intrinsic crossover which occurs when the relaxation rate is comparable to the spin-orbit interaction energy.Comment: 5 pages including 4 figures, RevTex; minor changes, to appaer in Phys. Rev. Let

    Disorder effect on the localization/delocalization in incommensurate potential

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    The interplay between incommensurate (IC) and random potentials is studied in a two-dimensional symplectic model with the focus on localization/delocalization problem. With the IC potential only, there appear wavefunctions localized along the IC wavevector while extended perpendicular to it. Once the disorder potential is introduced, these turn into two-dimensional anisotropic metallic states beyond the scale of the elastic mean free path, and eventually becomes localized in both directions at a critical strength of the disorder. Implications of these results to the experimental observation of the IC-induced localization is discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures (7 files), RevTe

    Theory of Electron Differentiation, Flat Dispersion and Pseudogap Phenomena

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    Aspects of electron critical differentiation are clarified in the proximity of the Mott insulator. The flattening of the quasiparticle dispersion appears around momenta (π,0)(\pi,0) and (0,π)(0,\pi) on square lattices and determines the criticality of the metal-insulator transition with the suppressed coherence in that momentum region of quasiparticles. Such coherence suppression at the same time causes an instability to the superconducting state if a proper incoherent process is retained. The d-wave pairing interaction is generated from such retained processes without disturbance from the coherent single-particle excitations. Pseudogap phenomena widely observed in the underdoped cuprates are then naturally understood from the mode-mode coupling of d-wave superconducting(dSC) fluctuations with antiferromagnetic ones. When we assume the existence of a strong d-wave pairing force repulsively competing with antiferromagnetic(AFM) fluctuations under the formation of flat and damped single-particle dispersion, we reproduce basic properties of the pseudogap seen in the magnetic resonance, neutron scattering, angle resolved photoemission and tunneling measurements in the cuprates.Comment: 9 pages including 2 figures, to appear in J. Phys. Chem. Solid

    Renormalization of the electron-phonon coupling in the one-band Hubbard model

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    We investigate the effect of electronic correlations on the coupling of electrons to Holstein phonons in the one-band Hubbard model. We calculate the static electron-phonon vertex within linear response of Kotliar-Ruckenstein slave-bosons in the paramagnetic saddle-point approximation. Within this approach the on-site Coulomb interaction U strongly suppresses the coupling to Holstein phonons at low temperatures. Moreover the vertex function does not show particularly strong forward scattering. Going to larger temperatures kT\sim t we find that after an initial decrease with U, the electron-phonon coupling starts to increase with U, confirming a recent result of Cerruti, Cappelluti, and Pietronero. We show that this behavior is related to an unusual reentrant behavior from a phase separated to a paramagnetic state upon decreasing the temperature.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figure

    Mott Transition vs Multicritical Phenomenon of Superconductivity and Antiferromagnetism -- Application to κ\kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2_2X --

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    Interplay between the Mott transition and the multicritical phenomenon of d-wave superconductivity (SC) and antiferromagnetism (AF) is studied theoretically. We describe the Mott transition, which is analogous to a liquid-gas phase transition, in terms of an Ising-type order parameter η\eta. We reveal possible mean-field phase diagrams produced by this interplay. Renormalization group analysis up to one-loop order gives flows of coupling constants, which in most cases lead to fluctuation-induced first-order phase transitions even when the SO(5) symmetry exists betwen the SC and AF. Behaviors of various physical quantities around the Mott critical point are predicted. Experiments in κ\kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2_2X are discussed from this viewpoint.Comment: 4 pages, 9 figures, to appear in J. Phys. Soc. Jp

    Temperature dependent magnetotransport around ν\nu= 1/2 in ZnO heterostructures

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    The sequence of prominent fractional quantum Hall states up to ν\nu=5/11 around ν\nu=1/2 in a high mobility two-dimensional electron system confined at oxide heterointerface (ZnO) is analyzed in terms of the composite fermion model. The temperature dependence of \Rxx oscillations around ν\nu=1/2 yields an estimation of the composite fermion effective mass, which increases linearly with the magnetic field. This mass is of similar value to an enhanced electron effective mass, which in itself arises from strong electron interaction. The energy gaps of fractional states and the temperature dependence of \Rxx at ν\nu=1/2 point to large residual interactions between composite fermions.Comment: 5 pages, 4 Figure