14,247 research outputs found

    String Theory and Quark Confinement

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    This article is based on a talk given at the ``Strings'97'' conference. It discusses the search for the universality class of confining strings. The key ingredients include the loop equations, the zigzag symmetry, the non-linear renormalization group. Some new tests for the equivalence between gauge fields and strings are proposed.Comment: 13 pages, latex; talk at STRINGS'9

    Hard exclusive production of two pions: Dipion mass distributions in gamma* N -->pi pi N and gamma* gamma --> pi pi

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    The leading twist parametrization of dipion mass distribution in hard exclusive reactions is proposed. Its parameters are related to quark distributions (usual and skewed) in the pion and to distributions amplitudes of mesons (π\pi, ρ\rho, etc.). We show that measurements of the shape of dipion mass distribution in hard exclusie reactions can give important information about partonic structure of the pion. The expression for the amplitude of the reaction γγππ\gamma^*\gamma\to \pi\pi near the threshold in terms of singlet quark distribution in the pion is presented.Comment: Talk given at 7th International Workshop on Deep Inelastic Scattering and QCD (DIS 99), Zeuthen, Germany, 19-23 Apr 1999. Minor typos are correcte

    World Sheet Logarithmic CFT in AdS Strings, Ghost-Matter Mixing and M-theory

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    We discuss several closely related concepts in the NSR formulation of superstring theory. We demonstrated that recently proposed NSR model for superstrings on AdS5×S5AdS_5 \times S^5 is described by the world-sheet logarithmic conformal field theory (LCFT). The origin of LCFT on a world-sheet is closely connected to the matter-ghost mixing in the structure of a brane-like vortex operators. We suggest a dynamical origin of M theory as a string theory with an extra dimension given by bosonised superconformal ghosts.Comment: 20 pages, no figures, harvmac, corrected some typo

    On Polyakov's basic variational formula for loop spaces

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    We use the homological algebra context to give a more rigorous proof of Polyakov's basic variational formula for loop spaces.Comment: Latex, 17 pages, no figure

    Various Properties of Compact QED and Confining Strings

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    The effects bringing about by the finiteness of the photon mass due to the Debye screening in the monopole gas in three-dimensional compact QED are studied. In this respect, a representation of the partition function of this theory as an integral over monopole densities is derived. Dual formulation of the Wilson loop yields a new theory of confining strings, which in the low-energy limit almost coincides with the one corresponding to the case when the photon is considered to be massless, whereas in the high-energy limit these two theories are quite different from each other. The confining string mass operator in the low-energy limit is also found, and its dependence on the volume of observation is studied.Comment: 7 pages, LaTeX, no figures, 1 reference is added, final version to appear in Phys. Lett.

    Classical Hamiltonian Reduction and Superconformal Algebras

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    The Polyakov's "soldering procedure" which shows how two-dimensional diffeomorphisms can be obtained from SL(2,R) gauge transformations is discussed using the free-field representation of SL(2,R) current algebra. Using this formalism, the relation of Polyakov's method to that of the Hamiltonian reduction becomes transparent. This discussion is then generalised to N=1 superdiffeomorphisms which can be obtained from N=1 super Osp(1,2) gauge transformations. It is also demonstrated that the phase space of the Osp(2,2) supercurrent algebra represented by free superfields is connected to the classical phase space of N=2 superconformal algebra via Hamiltonian reduction.}Comment: 21 pages, revised version contains minor grammatical changes and an update of refernce

    On the NSR formulation of String Theory on AdS_5 X S^5

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    We discuss the NSR formulation of the superstring action on AdS_5 X S^5 proposed recently by Kallosh and Tseytlin in the Green-Schwarz formalism.We show that the stress-energy tensor corresponding to the NSR action for AdS superstring contains the branelike terms, corresponding to exotic massless vertex operators (refered to as the branelike vertices). The corresponding sigma-model action has the manifest SO(1,3) X SO(6) invariance of superstring theory on AdS_5 X S^5. We argue that adding the branelike terms is equivalent to curving the space-time to obtain the AdS_5 X S^5 background. We commence the study of the proposed NSR sigma-model by analyzing the scattering amplitudes involving the branelike vertex operators.The analysis shows quite an unusual momentum dependence of these scattering amplitudes.Comment: 15 pages more corrections and references adde