278 research outputs found

### Yang-Baxter maps and the discrete KP hierarchy

We present a systematic construction of the discrete KP hierarchy in terms of SatoâWilson-type shift operators. Reductions of the equations in this hierarchy to 1+1-dimensional integrable lattice systems are considered, and the problems that arise with regard to the symmetry algebra underlying the reduced systems as well as the ultradiscretizability of these systems are discussed. A scheme for constructing ultradiscretizable reductions that give rise to YangâBaxter maps is explained in two explicit examples

### A q-analogue of gl_3 hierarchy and q-Painleve VI

A q-analogue of the gl_3 Drinfel'd-Sokolov hierarchy is proposed as a
reduction of the q-KP hierarchy. Applying a similarity reduction and a
q-Laplace transformation to the hierarchy, one can obtain the q-Painleve VI
equation proposed by Jimbo and Sakai.Comment: 14 pages, IOP style, to appear in J. Phys. A Special issue "One
hundred years of Painleve VI

### Differential-difference system related to toroidal Lie algebra

We present a novel differential-difference system in (2+1)-dimensional
space-time (one discrete, two continuum), arisen from the Bogoyavlensky's
(2+1)-dimensional KdV hierarchy. Our method is based on the bilinear identity
of the hierarchy, which is related to the vertex operator representation of the
toroidal Lie algebra \sl_2^{tor}.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, pLaTeX2e, uses amsmath, amssymb, amsthm,
graphic

### Braid Structure and Raising-Lowering Operator Formalism in Sutherland Model

We algebraically construct the Fock space of the Sutherland model in terms of
the eigenstates of the pseudomomenta as basis vectors. For this purpose, we
derive the raising and lowering operators which increase and decrease
eigenvalues of pseudomomenta. The operators exchanging eigenvalues of two
pseudomomenta have been known. All the eigenstates are systematically produced
by starting from the ground state and multiplying these operators to it.Comment: 11 pages, Latex, no figure

### Releasing dentate nucleus cells from Purkinje cell inhibition generates output from the cerebrocerebellum

The cerebellum generates its vast amount of output to the cerebral cortex through the dentate nucleus (DN) that is essential for precise limb movements in primates. Nuclear cells in DN generate burst activity prior to limb movement, and inactivation of DN results in cerebellar ataxia. The question is how DN cells become active under intensive inhibitory drive from Purkinje cells (PCs). There are two excitatory inputs to DN, mossy fiber and climbing fiber collaterals, but neither of them appears to have sufficient strength for generation of burst activity in DN. Therefore, we can assume two possible mechanisms: post-inhibitory rebound excitation and disinhibition. If rebound excitation works, phasic excitation of PCs and a concomitant inhibition of DN cells should precede the excitation of DN cells. On the other hand, if disinhibition plays a primary role, phasic suppression of PCs and activation of DN cells should be observed at the same timing. To examine these two hypotheses, we compared the activity patterns of PCs in the cerebrocerebellum and DN cells during step-tracking wrist movements in three Japanese monkeys. As a result, we found that the majority of wrist-movement-related PCs were suppressed prior to movement onset and the majority of wrist-movement-related DN cells showed concurrent burst activity without prior suppression. In a minority of PCs and DN cells, movement-related increases and decreases in activity, respectively, developed later. These activity patterns suggest that the initial burst activity in DN cells is generated by reduced inhibition from PCs, i.e., by disinhibition. Our results indicate that suppression of PCs, which has been considered secondary to facilitation, plays the primary role in generating outputs from DN. Our findings provide a new perspective on the mechanisms used by PCs to influence limb motor control and on the plastic changes that underlie motor learning in the cerebrocerebellum

### Similarity reduction of the modified Yajima-Oikawa equation

We study a similarity reduction of the modified Yajima-Oikawa hierarchy. The
hierarchy is associated with a non-standard Heisenberg subalgebra in the affine
Lie algebra of type A_2^{(1)}. The system of equations for self-similar
solutions is presented as a Hamiltonian system of degree of freedom two, and
admits a group of B\"acklund transformations isomorphic to the affine Weyl
group of type A_2^{(1)}. We show that the system is equivalent to a
two-parameter family of the fifth Painlev\'e equation.Comment: latex2e file, 18 pages, no figures; (v2)Introduction is modified.
Some typos are correcte

### The Davey Stewartson system and the B\"{a}cklund Transformations

We consider the (coupled) Davey-Stewartson (DS) system and its B\"{a}cklund
transformations (BT). Relations among the DS system, the double
Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) system and the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy (ALH) are
established. The DS hierarchy and the double KP system are equivalent. The ALH
is the BT of the DS system in a certain reduction. {From} the BT of coupled DS
system we can obtain new coupled derivative nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger
equations.Comment: 13 pages, LaTe

### Direct linearizing transform for three-dimensional discrete integrable systems: the lattice AKP, BKP and CKP equations

A unified framework is presented for the solution structure of three-dimensional discrete integrable systems, including the lattice AKP, BKP and CKP equations. This is done through the so-called direct linearizing transform, which establishes a general class of integral transforms between solutions. As a particular application, novel soliton-type solutions for the lattice CKP equation are obtained

### The sixth Painleve equation arising from D_4^{(1)} hierarchy

The sixth Painleve equation arises from a Drinfel'd-Sokolov hierarchy
associated with the affine Lie algebra of type D_4 by similarity reduction.Comment: 14 page

### Common Algebraic Structure for the Calogero-Sutherland Models

We investigate common algebraic structure for the rational and trigonometric
Calogero-Sutherland models by using the exchange-operator formalism. We show
that the set of the Jack polynomials whose arguments are Dunkl-type operators
provides an orthogonal basis for the rational case.Comment: 7 pages, LaTeX, no figures, some text and references added, minor
misprints correcte

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