6,719 research outputs found

    Modernity in Common: Japan and World History

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    Explicit modeling and concurrent processing in the simulation of multibody dynamic systems

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    The objective is to present the activities at TRW in developing the capability to simulate the behavior of large flexible multibody space structures. The features of the simulation tools are: (1) to accommodate all rigid/flexible body degrees-of-freedom which incorporate the control system models and external forces, (2) to provide the flexibility to incorporate engineering-defined models and to retain parameters of significance to the engineer, (3) to reduce the computation cost by one order of magnitude (two orders of magnitude compared to a CRAY 1S), and (4) to keep it versatile so that radical variations in anticipated space structures can be accommodated. The current computer tools to simulate multibody systems appear not only to be very costly and time consuming, but also do not produce the desired fidelity of the mathematical models. In summary, a multibody simulation tool will be developed in the near future which will allow solution of the dynamics and controls of the deployment of the LDR backup structure, or the problem associated with the robotic assembly of the structure. The tools will allow the engineer to define the modeling technique and solve problems in less time and at reduced cost

    Polarized SIDIS: comment on purity method for extraction of polarized quark distributions

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    The role of hadronization mechanism in polarization phenomena in semi inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) and a purity method for extraction of polarized distribution functions are discussed. According to the Monte Carlo (MC) event generator, on which this method is based, hadrons can be produced via quark (diquark) fragmentation or light cluster decays. In contrast, the purity method assumes that only quark fragmentation gives contribution to hadron production in the current fragmentation region. The ignorance of contributions from diquark fragmentation and cluster decays to asymmetry can be source of incorrect values of polarized quark distributions extracted by the purity method.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure

    Space vehicle thermal testing: Principles, practices and effectiveness

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    Component qualification and acceptance temperatures are derived from worst case thermal analyses and analytic uncertainty margin subject to certain specified temperature extremes. Temperature requirements are shown for equipment operation within specification and for survival and turn-on (need not operate within specification, but must not experience any degradation when returned to operational range). Temperature excursions for most equipment are seen to be 20 to 50 C above and below room temperature. Components without active electronics which are mounted outboard, such as solar arrays and antennas, are usually designed to withstand wider temperature excursions, particularly at the cold end. Batteries are tightly controlled at cold temperatures to increase life. Payload components such as extremely accurate clocks for precise navigation are controlled over a relatively narrow temperature range
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