238 research outputs found

    Law As Literature: Within the Parameters of Literary and Linguistic Theory

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    This paper works to contribute to the discussion regarding literary interpretation and legal interpretation. Forms of literature and law offer meaning and value in its application to society and its individuals. Literary and linguistic theories offer insight to the academic approaches of interpretation

    Falling into the Surface (toward a materiality of affect)

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    No abstract availableThis article was originally published by Parallel Press, an imprint of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries, as part of The International Journal of Screendance, Volume 2 (2012), Parallel Press. It is made available here with the kind permission of Parallel Press

    Sharing a Landscape: The Construction of Sense of Place on the Maine Coast

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    Motivated by interest and concern over the changing coastline in Maine, this study uses the concept of sense of place to develop an understanding of how a range of users share the resource, and to explore how place meanings are associated with their social experiences and perceptions. The site for this study was the Stonington region archipelago, an area that has not yet experienced the same amount of development as seen on the southern Maine coast, yet one that has witnessed a boom in recreational use and an influx of people from other areas. Using a mixed methodology, two groups of research questions were developed with the purpose of developing an understanding of how place meanings are constructed over time in a changing landscape, and how managers and community interests can benefit from this information. A visitor survey was completed to investigate the connection between landscape characteristics, socio-demographic, and travel characteristics, previous experience, and attachment to place. During the summer of 2006, 435 visitors to 23 islands participated in the two-part survey, which included an on-site interview and a mail-back questionnaire. Twenty-three in-depth interviews were conducted with long-term visitors, transplants (people who have moved to the region) and locals to explore sense of place over time, and the connection between place meanings and user compatibility. Results from the visitor survey indicated that regardless of level of attachment, study participants were most attracted to the physical landscape and least to the local culture of the area. Differences in place attachment based on travel and socio-demographic characteristics were often linked to local experience. Findings from the interviews also suggested the physical environment was an important draw, and continues to be an important component of why participants, including locals with ancestral roots, stay in or visit the region over time. Participants in each groups also felt drawn to the community, and compatibility issues on the water were affected by experiences in the surrounding communities. This highlights the need for recreation researchers to cast a wide enough net to understand how dynamics in surrounding communities might influence social experiences within recreation areas

    Exclusive: Gokay Deveci.

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    This is an interview of Gokay Deveci by Caroline Ednie, a freelance journalist working on behalf of Architecture and Design Scotland (ADS). The interview provides an overview of Professor Deveci's award-winning work in the area of architectural sustainability, looking at many of his projects that were undertaken between 2000 and 2014

    MR443: Maine Coastal Islands Visitor Survey 2006--Deer Isle/Stonington Region

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    This research was designed to help the Maine Island Trail Association and others interested in the management of the Maine’s coastal islands. This report presents results from an island-monitoring program in which we inventoried social conditions on a subset of the public islands on the Maine Island Trail. This research was designed to build on the ecological inventory developed by the task force and to help MITA and other groups to manage the islands by determining characteristics of the Maine island visit, including activities, use patterns, method of travel, length of stay; determining characteristics of the visitors, including types of groups, previous experience, place of residence, socio-demographic descriptions, visitor satisfaction and preferences; determining visitor attitudes toward management actions; and analyzing relationships between items listedhttps://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/aes_miscreports/1016/thumbnail.jp

    Aesthetics of emergence

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    Principles of design composition are commonly understood to pertain to geometrical systems for arranging parts in assembling a formal whole. Connection to socio-cultural 'meaning' and relevance arguably occurs primarily via the assumed divinity or universality of these systems. In the contemporary architectural world, where explicitly held beliefs in fundamental, geometrically defined principles or values have dissipated, guiding principles of composition appear to be obsolete. This seems particularly true in relation to work that highlights process - or change, responsiveness, interactivity and adaptability - since this implies that the composition remains in flux and unable to be grounded in the composition of form. While processually inflected architecture (referred to here as 'processual architecture'), has been an active field since at least the 1960s, it has been significa ntly developed since design experiments involving digital computation intensified in the 1990s. For this field of work, both highly celebrated and criticised as superficial or unethical, any connection to 'meaning' or value that might be offered by principles of composition would appear especially lost. This thesis reviews, counterpoises and reorients these assumptions, arguing a case for the value of processual architectural that has not been previously articulated. After the last 10 to 15 years of digital experimentation, it is clear that digital technology in itself is not the primary issue, but simply part of a complex equation. The thesis articulates this 'equation' through the model of emergence, which has been used in the field with increasing prominence in recent years. Through both practice-based research and theoretical development, a processually inflected theory of composition is proposed. This offers pathways through which the potential of processual architecture might be productively developed, aiming to open this field of work into a deeper engagement with pressing contemporary socio-political issues. The thesis demonstrates how the cultivation of particular modes of attention and engagement, found to hold an implicit but nevertheless amplified significance within processual architecture, make it possible to develop an embodied awareness pertaining to an 'ethico-aesthetic know-how'. This know-how is acquired and matured through attention to the affective dimensions that arise through design activity. The thesis highlight aspects of design process and products that are routinely suppressed in architectural discourse, generating new insights into the importance of affect for design process, design products and the relations between them. The ethical dimensions of such an approach become especially poignant through the explicit connection made between design activity and the practices of everyday life. Relationships between architecture and the social become re-energised, in a radically alternative manner to the social agendas of modernism or the more literary critiques of post-modernism. Through detailed discussions of the specific, local conditions with a series of design projects I have undertaken, I argue how and why close attention to the affective dimensions of design process offers new and productive ways to approach research through design practice. This offers a response to the calls for new 'post-critical' forms of research through empowering both sides of a previously held divide: theory and practice

    A systematized spatial review of global protected area soundscape research

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    Protected areas (PA) represent the primary mechanism to protect global ecosystems; yet current capacities often lead to geographic imbalances for PA management around the world. PA soundscapes have proved a valuable element to inform effective management, as natural sounds are important for healthy natural systems and rewarding visitor experiences. This article employed a systematized literature review of PA soundscape research, matching the areas of study described for the 218 articles, with PA from the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). The studies took place in 372 PA, which were cataloged by geographic location and size where possible, country, and continent. Data charting included extracted keywords, research objectives, methods, outcomes and future research needs. Numeric and geographic analysis focused on understanding the nature, extent, and distribution of the studies, while thematic analysis was applied to identify trends with respect to methods, outcomes, and future research. Study results identified content and geographic imbalances between studies in tropical and temperate zones, terrestrial and marine environments, and the Global South and North. Discussion considers how global initiatives may support information and resource sharing that facilitates knowledge and capacity transfer between the two regions


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    This paper argues for an ethics embedded in the largely digitally oriented field of research I refer to as ‘processual architecture’, in terms of Francisco Varela’s notion of ethical expertise. Processual architecture has been a prominent field of architectural research whose depth of value and substance has eluded many. After the last 15 years or so of digital experimentation, it is clear that digital technology in itself is not the primary issue, but simply part of an equation. The ethical implications of this equation, I argue, can be found through the affinity between Varela’s ethical expertise and an idea of the art of emergence. Emergence, a construct that describes a contemporary version of the laws of nature, has been used with increasing prominence in architecture in recent years

    Influence and interpretation of intrinsic and extrinsic exercise motives

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    This study explores the relationships between, and perceptions of, various exercise motivations and exercise adherence. The application of self-determination theory to exercise motivations research has demonstrated the importance of intrinsic motivations, however, the influence of extrinsic motivations has not been thoroughly examined. This study placed exercise motive perceptions along the Organismic Integration Theory’s (OIT) spectrum of motivations, and identified associations between those interpretations and exercise adherence. Participants (812 college students) completed an online survey detailing their exercise motivations and participation. The Exercise Motivations Inventory-2 (EMI-2) was used to measure exercise motivations, and participants provided open-ended explanations for their ratings of each motivational sub-construct. Total exercise scores were calculated by assigning MET values to exercise bouts using the Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses revealed stress management, enjoyment, competition, and weight management as predictors of exercise, and appearance as a negative predictor for females. Analysis of the open-ended motive explanations found participants held diverse perspectives on the health, appearance, weight management, and fitness motivations. The varying interpretations of health and appearance motives ranged across the OIT. Based on motivation theory, they may be conducive to the process of internalization, meaning they may develop into more intrinsic motivations as participants achieve goals and develop a sense of value for the exercise activities. Additional patterns were identified that require further research, including a gap between genders with respect to exercise enjoyment, and the difference between weight management and appearance as predictors of exercise adherence
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