129 research outputs found

    The Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation and universality class

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    Brownian motion is a continuum scaling limit for a wide class of random processes, and there has been great success in developing a theory for its properties (such as distribution functions or regularity) and expanding the breadth of its universality class. Over the past twenty five years a new universality class has emerged to describe a host of important physical and probabilistic models (including one dimensional interface growth processes, interacting particle systems and polymers in random environments) which display characteristic, though unusual, scalings and new statistics. This class is called the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class and underlying it is, again, a continuum object -- a non-linear stochastic partial differential equation -- known as the KPZ equation. The purpose of this survey is to explain the context for, as well as the content of a number of mathematical breakthroughs which have culminated in the derivation of the exact formula for the distribution function of the KPZ equation started with {\it narrow wedge} initial data. In particular we emphasize three topics: (1) The approximation of the KPZ equation through the weakly asymmetric simple exclusion process; (2) The derivation of the exact one-point distribution of the solution to the KPZ equation with narrow wedge initial data; (3) Connections with directed polymers in random media. As the purpose of this article is to survey and review, we make precise statements but provide only heuristic arguments with indications of the technical complexities necessary to make such arguments mathematically rigorous.Comment: 57 pages, survey article, 7 figures, addition physics ref. added and typo's correcte

    Macdonald processes, quantum integrable systems and the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality class

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    Integrable probability has emerged as an active area of research at the interface of probability/mathematical physics/statistical mechanics on the one hand, and representation theory/integrable systems on the other. Informally, integrable probabilistic systems have two properties: 1) It is possible to write down concise and exact formulas for expectations of a variety of interesting observables (or functions) of the system. 2) Asymptotics of the system and associated exact formulas provide access to exact descriptions of the properties and statistics of large universality classes and universal scaling limits for disordered systems. We focus here on examples of integrable probabilistic systems related to the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class and explain how their integrability stems from connections with symmetric function theory and quantum integrable systems.Comment: Proceedings of the ICM, 31 pages, 10 figure

    Ergodicity of the Airy line ensemble

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    In this paper, we establish the ergodicity of the Airy line ensemble. This shows that it is the only candidate for Conjecture 3.2 in [3], regarding the classification of ergodic line ensembles satisfying a certain Brownian Gibbs property after a parabolic shift.Comment: argument for Proposition 1.13 is revised, the structure of the introduction is rearrange

    The q-PushASEP: A New Integrable Model for Traffic in 1+1 Dimension

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    We introduce a new interacting (stochastic) particle system q-PushASEP which interpolates between the q-TASEP introduced by Borodin and Corwin (see arXiv:1111.4408, and also arXiv:1207.5035; arXiv:1305.2972; arXiv:1212.6716) and the q-PushTASEP introduced recently by Borodin and Petrov (arXiv:1305.5501). In the q-PushASEP, particles can jump to the left or to the right, and there is a certain partially asymmetric pushing mechanism present. This particle system has a nice interpretation as a model of traffic on a one-lane highway in which cars are able to accelerate or slow down. Using the quantum many body system approach, we explicitly compute the expectations of a large family of observables for this system in terms of nested contour integrals. We also discuss relevant Fredholm determinantal formulas for the distribution of the location of each particle, and connections of the model with a certain two-sided version of Macdonald processes and with the semi-discrete stochastic heat equation.Comment: 22 pages; 4 figures. v2: minor improvements of presentation and discussions. To appear in Journal of Statistical Physic