5,186 research outputs found

    A new jet algorithm based on the k-means clustering for the reconstruction of heavy states from jets

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    A jet algorithm based on the k-means clustering procedure is proposed which can be used for the invariant-mass reconstruction of heavy states decaying to hadronic jets. The proposed algorithm was tested by reconstructing E+ E- to ttbar to 6 jets and E+ E- to W+W- to 4 jets processes at \sqrt{s}=500 GeV using a Monte Carlo simulation. It was shown that the algorithm has a reconstruction efficiency similar to traditional jet-finding algorithms, and leads to 25% and 40% reduction of reconstruction width for top quarks and W bosons, respectively, compared to the kT (Durham) algorithm. In addition, it is expected that the peak positions measured with the new algorithm have smaller systematical uncertainty.Comment: 11 pages, 3 eps figures (Eur. Phys. J. C, in press

    Combined HERA Deep Inelastic Scattering Data and NLO QCD Fits

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    Previously published data on inclusive neutral and charged current e+p and e-p deep inelastic scattering from HERA have been combined. The new, model-independent method of combining the measured cross sections takes full account of correlated systematics in a coherent way, leading to significantly reduced uncertainties in the combined measurement across the (x, Q^2) plane. The combined cross section data have been used as the sole input for a new next-to-leading order QCD fit to extract the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the proton. The PDFs extracted have greatly reduced experimental uncertainties, compared to separate QCD analyses on data from H1 and ZEUS. Model uncertainties, including those arising from the parameterisation dependence, have also been carefully considered. The resulting HERA PDFs have impressive precision.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figures, prepared for the proceedings of the Ringberg Workshop on "New Trends in HERA Physics 2008", Ringberg Castle, Tegernsee, Oct 5-10, 200

    Heavy Quark Production at HERA

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    Heavy flavour production is one of the key components of the HERA II physics programme. While most of the results presented use leptons or the reconstruction of charmed mesons to identify heavy flavour production, both the H1 and ZEUS experiments now have working microvertex detectors that are being used more and more. In this talk I will summarise a selection of the recent results obtained by the two collaborations.Comment: 10 pages, 18 figures, to appear in the Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Hyperons, Charm and Beauty Hadrons (BEACH2008), 22-28 June 2008, University of South Carolina, Columbi

    Jets in Deep Inelastic Scattering and High Energy Photoproduction at HERA

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    Recent results on jet production in neutral current deep inelastic scattering and high energy photoproduction at the HERA electron-proton-collider are briefly reviewed. The results are compared to QCD expectations in NLO and αs\alpha_s determinations using these data are summarized.Comment: 12 pages, 10 figures, talk given at the 9th Adriatic Meeting "Particle Physics and the Universe" in Dubrovnik/Croatia, 4.-24.9.200

    Experimental review of diffractive phenomena

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    A review is given of the measurements of the hard diffractive interactions in recent years from two high-energy colliders, the HERA epep collider and the Tevatron ppˉp\bar{p} collider. The structure of the diffractive exchange in terms of partons, the factorisation properties and the ratio of diffractive to non-diffractive cross sections are discussed.Comment: Contribution to the proceedings of BARYONS 2004. LaTeX 10 page

    HepSim: a repository with predictions for high-energy physics experiments

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    A file repository for calculations of cross sections and kinematic distributions using Monte Carlo generators for high-energy collisions is discussed. The repository is used to facilitate effective preservation and archiving of data from theoretical calculations, as well as for comparisons with experimental data. The HepSim data library is publicly accessible and includes a number of Monte Carlo event samples with Standard Model predictions for current and future experiments. The HepSim project includes a software package to automate the process of downloading and viewing online Monte Carlo event samples. A data streaming over a network for end-user analysis is discussed.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figure
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