2,022 research outputs found

    Experimental consistency in parton distribution fitting

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    The recently developed "Data Set Diagonalization" method (DSD) is applied to measure compatibility of the data sets that are used to determine parton distribution functions (PDFs). Discrepancies among the experiments are found to be somewhat larger than is predicted by propagating the published experimental errors according to Gaussian statistics. The results support a tolerance criterion of Δχ210\Delta\chi^2 \approx 10 to estimate the 90% confidence range for PDF uncertainties. No basis is found in the data sets for the much larger Δχ2\Delta\chi^2 values that are in current use; though it will be necessary to retain those larger values until improved methods can be developed to take account of systematic errors in applying the theory. The DSD method also measures how much influence each experiment has on the global fit, and identifies experiments that show significant tension with respect to the others. The method is used to explore the contribution from muon scattering experiments, which are found to exhibit the largest discrepancies in the current fit.Comment: 30 pages; 7 figure

    Data set diagonalization in a global fit

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    The analysis of data sometimes requires fitting many free parameters in a theory to a large number of data points. Questions naturally arise about the compatibility of specific subsets of the data, such as those from a particular experiment or those based on a particular technique, with the rest of the data. Questions also arise about which theory parameters are determined by specific subsets of the data. I present a method to answer both of these kinds of questions. The method is illustrated by applications to recent work on measuring parton distribution functions.Comment: Published versio

    Improving the Measurement of the Top Quark Mass

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    Two possible ways to improve the mass resolution for observing hadronic top quark decay tbW3jetst \to bW \to 3 jets are studied: (1) using fixed cones in the rest frames of the tt and WW to define the decay jets, instead of the traditional cones in the rest frame of the detector; and (2) using the jet angles in the top rest frame to measure mt/mWm_t/m_W. By Monte Carlo simulation, the second method is found to give a useful improvement in the mass resolution. It can be combined with the usual invariant mass method to get an even better mass measurement. The improved resolution can be used to make a more accurate determination of the top quark mass, and to improve the discrimination between ttˉt \bar t events and background for studies of the production mechanism.Comment: Revised and expanded. New and better method introduced. Some conclusions changed. 17 pages, RevTeX, 4 uuencoded figure

    Parton Distributions

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    I present an overview of some current topics in the measurement of Parton Distribution Functions.Comment: 13 pages, 9 figures. Plenary talk presented at the XIII International Workshop on Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS 2005), Madison WI USA, April 27--May 1, 200

    PDF uncertainties: A strong test of goodness of fit to multiple data sets

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    We present a new criterion for the goodness of global fits. It involves an exploration of the variation of \chi^2 for subsets of data.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure. To appear in Proceedings of 9th International Workshop on Deep Inelastic Scattering and QCD (DIS 2001), Bologna, Italy, 27 Apr-1 May 200

    CJK- Improved LO Parton Distributions in the Real Photon and Their Experimental Uncertainties

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    A new analysis of the radiatively generated, LO quark (u,d,s,c,b) and gluon densities in the real, unpolarized photon, improved in respect to our paper [1], is presented. We perform four new global fits to the experimental data for F2^gamma, two using a standard FFNS approach and two based on ACOT(chi) scheme [2], leading to the FFNS(CJK) and CJK models. We also present the analysis of the uncertainties of the new CJK 2 parton distributions due to the experimental errors, the very first such analysis performed for the photon. This analysis is based on the Hessian method, for a comparison for chosen cross-sections we use also the Lagrange method.Comment: Prepared for Photon 2003: International Conference on the Structure and Interactions of the Photon (Including the 15th International Workshop on Photon-Photon Collisions), Frascati (Italy), 7-11 April 2003; 10 pages, Latex using espcrc2 style, 1 tex and 5 postscript figures; FORTRAN programs available at http://www.fuw.edu.pl/~pjank/param.htm

    Quark-Gluon Jet Differences at LEP

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    A new method to identify the gluon jet in 3-jet ``{\bf Y}'' decays of Z0Z^0 is presented. The method is based on differences in particle multiplicity between quark jets and gluon jets, and is more effective than tagging by leptonic decay. An experimental test of the method and its application to a study of the ``string effect'' are proposed. Various jet-finding schemes for 3-jet events are compared.Comment: 11 pages, LaTeX, 4 PostScript figures availble from the author ([email protected]), MSUTH-92-0

    The Parton Structure of the Nucleon and Precision Determination of the Weinberg Angle in Neutrino Scattering

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    A recently completed next-to-leading-order program to calculate neutrino cross sections, including power-suppressed mass correction terms, has been applied to evaluate the Paschos-Wolfenstein relation, in order to quantitatively assess the validity and significance of the NuTeV anomaly. In particular, we study the shift of sin2θW\sin^2 \theta_{\mathrm{W}} obtained in calculations with a new generation of PDF sets that allow s(x)sˉ(x)s(x)\neq \bar{s}(x), enabled by recent neutrino dimuon data from CCFR and NuTeV, as compared to the previous s=sˉs = \bar{s} parton distribution functions like CTEQ6M. The extracted value of sin2θW\sin^2 \theta_{\mathrm{W}} is closely correlated with the strangeness asymmetry momentum integral 01x[s(x)sˉ(x)]dx\int_{0}^{1}x[s(x)-\bar{s}(x)] dx. We also consider isospin violating effects that have recently been explored by the MRST group. The results of our study suggest that the new dimuon data, the Weinberg angle measurement, and other data sets used in global QCD parton structure analysis can all be consistent within the Standard Model.Comment: 4 page
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