3,618 research outputs found

    QCD corrections to e+ e- --> 4 jets

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    We report on the next-to-leading order QCD calculation for e+ e- --> 4 jets. We explain some modern techniques which have been used to calculate the one-loop amplitudes efficiently. We further report on the general purpose numerical program ``Mercutio'', which can be used to calculate any infrared safe four-jet quantity in electron-positron annihilation at next-to-leading order.Comment: 4 pages, talk given at the UK Phenomenology Workshop on Collider Physics, Durham, 19-24 September 199

    Strong Interaction Effects in Scalar Top Production

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    We discuss effects of fragmentation and hard gluon radiation on the signal for the pair production of the lighter scalar top eigenstate t~1\tilde{t}_1 at e^+e^- colliders. The main emphasis is on scenarios with small stop--LSP mass splitting, where strong interaction effects can considerably modify kinematical properties of the final state.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, uses sprocl.sty. Proceedings of the LCWS99, International Workshop on Linear Colliders, Sitges, Spain (May 1999) and Particles in Astrophysics and Cosmology: From Theory to Observation, Valencia, Spain (May 1999

    Non-perturbative non-locality: V±AV\pm A correlators in euclidean position space

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    Using an OPE modification, which takes non-perturbative non-locality into account, the difference and sum of vector and axial-vector correlators are evaluated in euclidean position space. For distances up to 0.8 fm the calculated behavior is close to the instanton liquid result and the ALEPH data, in contrast to the implications of the conventional OPE.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Investigation of Quark-Antiquark Interaction Properties using Leading Particle Measurements in e+e- Annihilation

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    Measurements of heavy quark production in electron-positron collisions are used to analyse the strong interactions between quarks and anti-quarks. A scaling behaviour is observed in distributions of the rapidity change of D*, B*, and B mesons. From these distributions information is obtained on the hadron formation time, effective quark masses, and the potential between quark-antiquark pairs. Predictions for fragmentation functions are presented.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, fig.2 references added, revised version accepted by Physics Letters

    Prospects for New Physics at the LHC

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    High-energy collisions at the LHC are now starting. The new physics agenda of the LHC is reviewed, with emphasis on the hunt for the Higgs boson (or whatever replaces it) and supersymmetry. In particular, the prospects for discovering new physics in the 2010-2011 run are discussed.Comment: 13 pages, 9 figures, Invited Talk at Conference in Honor of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday, on Quantum Mechanics, Elementary Particles, Quantum Cosmology and Complexity, Nanyang Executive Centre, NTU, Singapore, 24th-26th February 201

    Measurements of the QCD Colour Factors at LEP

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    A summary of the measurements of the QCD colour factors at LEP is presented. Such measurements provide a test of the gauge group structure underlying the theory of strong interactions. A variety of methods have been applied by the various experiments, and perfect consistency with the expectation of QCD with SU(3) as gauge group is found.Comment: 9 pages, Latex, Talk presented at the 5th Topical Seminar on The Irresistible Rise of the Standard Model, San Miniato, Italy, April 199

    Experimental Summary on Hadronic Decays: A TAU98 Review

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    Selected results on hadronic decays of the tau lepton from the TAU98 Workshop are reviewed. A comprehensive picture emerges for strange particle branching fractions, and exploration of resonant substructure of both strange and non-strange decays is seen to have matured substantially.Comment: 10 pages, postscript file also available through http://w4.lns.cornell.edu/public/CLN

    Non-perturbative effective model for the Higgs sector of the Standard Model

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    A non-perturbative effective model is derived for the Higgs sector of the standard model, described by a simple scalar theory. The renormalized couplings are determined by the derivatives of the Gaussian Effective Potential that are known to be the sum of infinite bubble graphs contributing to the vertex functions. A good agreement has been found with strong coupling lattice simulations when a comparison can be made

    Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson at LEP

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    One of the missions of the LEP program was the search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson. The skillful operation of the machine in the year 2000, the final year of operation, has allowed the four collaborations ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL to collect 536/pb of data at center-of-mass energies of 206 GeV or higher. This data is used to probe the existence of the Higgs boson up to a mass of around 115 GeV. Tantalizing candidates have been observed in excess over the Standard Model predictions, but without enough statistical power to claim a discovery. A Higgs boson lighter than 114.4 GeV is hence excluded at 95% confidence level.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures, to be published in the proceedings of the "5th International Conference on Hyperons, Charm and Beauty Hadrons