8 research outputs found

    Evaluation of Nutritional, Phytochemical, and Mineral Composition of Selected Medicinal Plants for Therapeutic Uses from Cold Desert of Western Himalaya

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    The aim of this study was to determine the elemental and nutritive values of leaf parts of 10 selected wild medicinal plants, Acer pictum, Acer caecium, Betula utilis, Oxalis corniculata, Euphorbia pilosa, Heracleum lanatum, Urtica dioica, Berberis lycium, Berberis asiaticaand, and Quercus ilex, collected from the high hills of the Chitkul range in district Kinnaur, Western Himalaya. The nutritional characteristics of medicinal plant species were analyzed by using muffle furnace and micro-Kjeldahl methods, and the mineral content in plants was analyzed through atomic absorption spectrometry. The highest percentage of used value was reported in Betula utilis (0.42) and the lowest in Quercus ilex (0.17). In this study, it was found that new generations are not much interested in traditional knowledge of ethnomedicinal plants due to modernization in society. Therefore, there is an urgent need to document ethnomedicinal plants along with their phytochemical and minerals analysis in study sites. It was found that rural people in western Himalaya are dependent on wild medicinal plants, and certain steps must be taken to conserve these plants from extinction in the cold desert of Himalayan region. They are an alternative source of medicine because they contain saponin, alkaloid, and flavonoid etc. as well as minerals. The leaves used for analysis possesses good mineral content, such as Na, N, K, P, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, Ca, Mg, and S. Hence, in the current study it was observed that medicinal plants are not only used for therapeutic purposes, but they can also be used as nutritional supplements

    Design and Fabrication of Electric Portable Tiller for Agricultural Purpose

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    In Indian Agriculture, Generally tractors or cultivator machines are commonly used for ploughing. Before this method farmers uses the traditional method this is time consuming and hardworking and costly. Despite the massive mechanization of agriculture in some regions of the nation, the majority of agricultural activities in the country's bigger areas are carried out by hand utilizing rudimentary and traditional equipment and implements such as a wooden plough sickle, and so on. This low-cost portable battery-powered electric power tiller machine is a one-stop contemporary solution to improve traditional farming practices by reducing human labor at a very cheap cost through the use of a motorized tilling mechanism. Because design and manufacture are the keys of engineering, mechanical engineering education requires real design and production. Using a clever portable design, the electric power tiller helps minimize the time and expense required in tilling, consequently enhancing agricultural output and efficiency

    Moisture rainout fraction over the Indian Ocean during austral summer based on O-18/O-16 ratios of surface seawater, rainwater at latitude range of 10 degrees N-60 degrees S

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    Oxygen isotope ratios () of surface seawater and rainwater samples from the Indian Ocean region () during austral summer collected onboard ORV Sagar Nidhi during 2011-2013 have been measured along with salinity, sea surface temperature and relative humidity. The rainwater is isotopically lighter (by compared to the equilibrium condensation of the vapour arising from the seawater at the ambient condition. The isotopic composition of the vapour at high altitude responsible for the rain formation at the sampling location is estimated from a global atmospheric water isotope model (IsoGSM2). The apparent deficit of 5 can be explained by invoking a high degree of rainout (on average, about 70% of the overhead atmospheric moisture) during transport of the source vapour to the sampling location undergoing a Rayleigh fractionation. The required rainout fraction is higher (80%) in the latitude belt compared to the equatorial belt (60%). The pattern of variation in the rainout fraction with latitude is consistent with the well-known evaporation/precipitation processes in the Indian Ocean

    A study of transobturator tape in stress urinary incontinence

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    Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is commonly encountered in gynecological practice. Nowadays, midurethral sling surgeries in the form of transobturator tape (TOT) surgery are recommended in its treatment. Aims and Objectives: To assess the outcome and patient satisfaction of TOT surgery in the treatment of SUI. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was undertaken for patients of SUI who underwent TOT surgery by the outside in method and followed up for 5 years. The patients were assessed clinically and by the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) preoperatively and at postoperative day 3, discharge and 3 months follow-up. Results: Successful surgical treatment with TOT was seen in all patients at the time of discharge. There was no recurrence of SUI seen up to 1 year, but at 5-year follow-up two patients had a recurrence of SUI on examination though they did not complain of SUI. Urinary retention, tape extrusion, and groin stitch infection were the commonly seen complications following surgery. On subjective assessment, 61 patients were completely satisfied at day 3, and all patients were completely satisfied at discharge and 3 months follow-up as per the PGI-I score. Conclusion: TOT gives an excellent outcome in the treatment of SUI