796 research outputs found

    Investigating the Importance of Haemoglobin Measurement for Selection of Blood Donors in Libya

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    In Libya, haemoglobin estimation is not used routinely to assess the fitness of blood donors. We examined the importance of including this parameter in donor selection. Venous blood samples were collected from the bleed line at the end of the donation process from 1339 healthy adult male blood donors, aged 18–60 years, in Al-Jala Women Hospital in Tripoli, Libya. Haemoglobin concentration was measured using an automated haematology analyzer. The main donor age categories were 21-30 and 31-40 years (49.5% and 37%, respectively). Blood donation was mainly a replacement donation. The mean ±2SD range for haemoglobin was 10.8–17.0 g/dl. 27.2% of the donors had haemoglobin concentration of less than 13 g/dl, 16.9% of them had less than 12.5 g/dl and 1.9% had less than 10.8.5 g/dl. Our results suggest that it isimportant to include haemoglobin estimation as a routine procedure in selection of blood donors.Key words: Haemoglobin, Blood donors, Anaemia, Libya.

    Search for flavour-changing neutral currents in processes with one top quark and a photon using 81 fb−1 of pp collisions at s=13TeV with the ATLAS experiment

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    A search for flavour-changing neutral current (FCNC) events via the coupling of a top quark, a photon, and an up or charm quark is presented using 81 fb−1 of proton–proton collision data taken at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Events with a photon, an electron or muon, a b-tagged jet, and missing transverse momentum are selected. A neural network based on kinematic variables differentiates between events from signal and background processes. The data are consistent with the background-only hypothesis, and limits are set on the strength of the tqγ coupling in an effective field theory. These are also interpreted as 95% CL upper limits on the cross section for FCNC tγ production via a left-handed (right-handed) tuγ coupling of 36 fb (78 fb) and on the branching ratio for t→γu of 2.8×10−5 (6.1×10−5). In addition, they are interpreted as 95% CL upper limits on the cross section for FCNC tγ production via a left-handed (right-handed) tcγ coupling of 40 fb (33 fb) and on the branching ratio for t→γc of 22×10−5 (18×10−5)