156,868 research outputs found

    Mutualism supports biodiversity when the direct competition is weak

    Get PDF
    A key question of theoretical ecology is which properties of ecosystems favour their stability and help maintaining biodiversity. This qu estion recently reconsid- ered mutualistic systems, generating intense controversy about the role of mutu- alistic interactions and their network architecture. Here we show analytically and verify with simulations that reducing the effective intersp ecific competition and the propagation of perturbations positively influences struct ural stability against envi- ronmental perturbations, enhancing persistence. Notewor thy, mutualism reduces the effective interspecific competition only when the direct interspecific competition is weaker than a critical value. This critical competition i s in almost all cases larger in pollinator networks than in random networks with the same connectance. Highly connected mutualistic networks reduce the propagation of e nvironmental perturba- tions, a mechanism reminiscent of MacArthur’s proposal tha t ecosystem complexity enhances stability. Our analytic framework rationalizes p revious contradictory re- sults, and it gives valuable insight on the complex relation ship between mutualism and biodiversity

    Global helioseismology (WP4.1): From the Sun to the stars & solar analogs

    Full text link
    Sun-as-a star observations put our star as a reference for stellar observations. Here, I review the activities in which the SPACEINN global seismology team (Working Package WP4.1) has worked during the past 3 years. In particular, we will explain the new deliverables available on the SPACEINN seismic+ portal. Moreover, special attention will be given to surface dynamics (rotation and magnetic fields). After characterizing the rotation and the magnetic properties of around 300 solar-like stars and defining proper metrics for that, we use their seismic properties to characterize 18 solar analogues for which we study their surface magnetic and seismic properties. This allows us to put the Sun into context compared to its siblings.Comment: Proceedings of the SPACEINN/TASC2/KASC9 meeting. 7 pages, 6 figure
    • …