193,530 research outputs found

    Correlations between Optical Properties and Voronoi-Cell Area of Quantum Dots

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    A semiconductor quantum dot (QD) can generate highly indistinguishable single-photons at a high rate. For application in quantum communication and integration in hybrid systems, control of the QD optical properties is essential. Understanding the connection between the optical properties of a QD and the growth process is therefore important. Here, we show for GaAs QDs, grown by infilling droplet-etched nano-holes, that the emission wavelength, the neutral-to-charged exciton splitting, and the diamagnetic shift are strongly correlated with the capture zone-area, an important concept from nucleation theory. We show that the capture-zone model applies to the growth of this system even in the limit of a low QD-density in which atoms diffuse over ÎĽ\mum-distances. The strong correlations between the various QD parameters facilitate preselection of QDs for applications with specific requirements on the QD properties; they also suggest that a spectrally narrowed QD distribution will result if QD growth on a regular lattice can be achieved

    Electron transport and terahertz gain in quantum-dot cascades

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    Electron transport through quantum-dot (QD) cascades was investigated using the formalism of nonequilibrium Green's functions within the self-consistent Born approximation. Polar coupling to optical phonons, deformation potential coupling to acoustic phonons, as well as anharmonic decay of longitudinal optical phonons were included in the simulation. A QD cascade laser structure comprising two QDs per period was designed and its characteristics were simulated. Significant values of population inversion enabling lasing in the terahertz frequency range were predicted, with operating current densities being more than an order of magnitude smaller than in existing terahertz quantum-well-based quantum-cascade lasers

    Spin-current Seebeck effect in quantum dot systems

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    We first bring up the concept of spin-current Seebeck effect based on a recent experiment [Nat. Phys. {\bf 8}, 313 (2012)], and investigate the spin-current Seebeck effect in quantum dot (QD) systems. Our results show that the spin-current Seebeck coefficient SS is sensitive to different polarization states of QD, and therefore can be used to detect the polarization state of QD and monitor the transitions between different polarization states of QD. The intradot Coulomb interaction can greatly enhance the SS due to the stronger polarization of QD. By using the parameters for a typical QD, we demonstrate that the maximum SS can be enhanced by a factor of 80. On the other hand, for a QD whose Coulomb interaction is negligible, we show that one can still obtain a large SS by applying an external magnetic field.Comment: 6 pages, 8 figure
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