20,549 research outputs found

    Volume CXLII, Number 16, March 3, 2023

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    Das kolonisierte Heiligtum: Diskriminierungskritische Perspektiven auf das Verfahren der Musealisierung

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    W├Ąhrend der Zeit des historischen Kolonialismus wurden in V├Âlkerkundemuseen komplexe Formen rassistischer und religi├Âser Diskriminierung institutionalisiert, z.B. in den dort g├╝ltigen ├ästhetik- und Kunstbegriffen. Viele der heutigen Museumsangestellten erkl├Ąren sich deswegen zu Reformen bereit. Doch k├Ânnen sie sich tats├Ąchlich vom Kolonialismus trennen? Ist eine Dekolonisation ethnologischer Museen mit kolonialer Beute je abschlie├čend m├Âglich? Am Beispiel umstrittener Heiligt├╝mer lebender Kulturen untersucht der Autor das Verfahren der Musealisierung durch die Linse der Diskriminierungskritik. Im Fokus stehen dabei die Sammlungen der "Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin"

    HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN PSYCHOLOGICAL IMMUNE SYSTEM PADA MAHASISWA UIN SUSKA RIAU DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19

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    HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN PSYCHOLOGICAL IMMUNE SYSTEM PADA MAHASISWA UIN SUSKA RIAU DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 Imelda Maulina ([email protected]) Fakultas Psikologi UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau ABSTRAK Mahasiswa semakin dianggap sebagai populasi yang rentan karena mengalami tekanan psikologis yang tinggi terutama selama pandemi Covid-19. Mahasiswa yang harus beradaptasi dengan sistem pembelajaran berbeda akibat pandemi Covid-19 dapat memberikan dampak negatif. Berdasarkan hal tersebut maka mahasiswa membutuhkan Psychological Immune System yang kuat untuk melindungi fisik dan mental. Dukungan sosial diprediksi dapat membantu mahasiswa untuk memiliki Psychological Immune System yang kuat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara dukungan sosial dengan Psychological Immune System pada mahasiswa Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Sampel penelitian dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 393 mahasiswa (75 laki-laki dan 318 perempuan) yang diperoleh dengan teknik proportionate stratified random sampling. Berdasarkan hasil analisis regresi sederhana, menunjukkan bahwa dukungan sosial memiliki hubungan dengan Psychological Immune System (R=0,283; F=34,026; p=0,000). Penelitian ini memberikan pengetahuan bahwa Psychological Immune System pada mahasiswa dapat diperkuat dengan dukungan sosial. Kata Kunci : Dukungan Sosial, Psychological Immune System, Mahasiswa, Pandemi Covid-1

    Exploring the Training Factors that Influence the Role of Teaching Assistants to Teach to Students With SEND in a Mainstream Classroom in England

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    With the implementation of inclusive education having become increasingly valued over the years, the training of Teaching Assistants (TAs) is now more important than ever, given that they work alongside pupils with special educational needs and disabilities (hereinafter SEND) in mainstream education classrooms. The current study explored the training factors that influence the role of TAs when it comes to teaching SEND students in mainstream classrooms in England during their one-year training period. This work aimed to increase understanding of how the training of TAs is seen to influence the development of their personal knowledge and professional skills. The study has significance for our comprehension of the connection between the TAsÔÇÖ training and the quality of education in the classroom. In addition, this work investigated whether there existed a correlation between the teaching experience of TAs and their background information, such as their gender, age, grade level taught, years of teaching experience, and qualification level. A critical realist theoretical approach was adopted for this two-phased study, which involved the mixing of adaptive and grounded theories respectively. The multi-method project featured 13 case studies, each of which involved a trainee TA, his/her college tutor, and the classroom teacher who was supervising the trainee TA. The analysis was based on using semi-structured interviews, various questionnaires, and non-participant observation methods for each of these case studies during the TAÔÇÖs one-year training period. The primary analysis of the research was completed by comparing the various kinds of data collected from the participants in the first and second data collection stages of each case. Further analysis involved cross-case analysis using a grounded theory approach, which made it possible to draw conclusions and put forth several core propositions. Compared with previous research, the findings of the current study reveal many implications for the training and deployment conditions of TAs, while they also challenge the prevailing approaches in many aspects, in addition to offering more diversified, enriched, and comprehensive explanations of the critical pedagogical issues

    Speculative Possibilities

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    An exciting movement in literature (as well as art, music, gaming, and other forms of media) that is presently exploding throughout our media streams in the twenty-first century is that of Indigenous futurism. This concept, which owes its namesake to scholar Grace L. Dillon and her work Walking the Clouds: An Anthology of Indigenous Science Fiction (2012), seeks to explore the possibilities of alternate pasts, presents, and futures, offering a fresh perspective on the beauty, power, and resilience of Indigeneity. One writer delving into this movement is Stephen Graham Jones, prolific author of many novels and short stories including his most recent works The Babysitter Lives (2022), The Backbone of the World (2022), ÔÇťAttack of the 50 Foot IndianÔÇŁ (2021), ÔÇťHow to Break into a Hotel RoomÔÇŁ (2021), My Heart is a Chainsaw (2021), ÔÇťWait for the NightÔÇŁ (2020), Night of the Mannequins (2020), and ÔÇťThe Guy with the NameÔÇŁ (2020), and The Only Good Indians (2020). Although JonesÔÇÖs contributions to the literary world are extensive, there has been relatively little scholarship dedicated to his continuous experimenting in varying genres, forms, and subject matters. Likewise, scholarship on Indigenous futurism is also quite scarce, especially as it is developed through the literary genre of horror fiction. This work extends both scholarly conversations by analyzing JonesÔÇÖs The Only Good Indians as a work of Indigenous futurism, specifically as it relates to rewriting the past, present, and future through various methods of Native slipstream. Fictional newspaper headlines and articles, a concentrated insistence on rationalization coupled with the inability to achieve such measures, and varying points of view combine to create a novel that is a hauntingly beautiful depiction of resiliency and possibility for an alternative future in which Indigenous worldviews replace the damaging cycles created and perpetuated by Western ideologiesÔÇöpositioning The Only Good Indians as an exceptional contribution to the field of Indigenous futurism, in addition to substantiating that both horror and futuristic fiction can serve as an effective medium of decolonization. Keywords: Indigenous futurism, decolonization, horror, Stephen Graham Jones, speculative fictio

    A Phenomenological Study of How Active Engagement in Black Greek Letter Sororities Influences Christian Members\u27 Spiritual Growth

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    This phenomenological study explored how being part of a Black Greek Letter. Organization (BGLO) sorority impacts the spiritual growth of its Christian members. One of the issues explored was the influence relationships within these sororities have on members striving to be like Christ. There is a dichotomy of perspectives regarding Black Greek Letter Organizations (BGLOs). They have a significant role in the Black community as organizations that foster leadership, philanthropy, and sisterhood and promote education. They are admired on and off college campuses and in the broader community in graduate chapters. The objective of phenomenology is to describe phenomena of spiritual growth among Christian sorority members from the life experiences of those who live them; that premise guided the interviews conducted for this study. The results found that active engagement in a BGLO sorority positively impacts its members\u27 spiritual growth. From the emotional stories of sisterhood, service, and devotion to prayer, their experiences evidenced strengthened walks of faith. This study contrasts the Anti-BGLO narrative as a testament to these organizations\u27 legacy and practices deeply grounded in the church

    Examples of works to practice staccato technique in clarinet instrument

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    Klarnetin staccato tekni─čini g├╝├žlendirme a┼čamalar─▒ eser ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒yla uygulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ge├ži┼člerini h─▒zland─▒racak ritim ve n├╝ans ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒na yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čman─▒n en ├Ânemli amac─▒ sadece staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒ de─čil parmak-dilin e┼č zamanl─▒ uyumunun hassasiyeti ├╝zerinde de durulmas─▒d─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n─▒ daha verimli hale getirmek i├žin eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n i├žinde et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒na da yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čmalar─▒n ├╝zerinde titizlikle durulmas─▒ staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n ilham verici etkisi ile m├╝zikal kimli─če yeni bir boyut kazand─▒rm─▒┼čt─▒r. Sekiz ├Âzg├╝n eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n her a┼čamas─▒ anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Her a┼čaman─▒n bir sonraki performans ve tekni─či g├╝├žlendirmesi esas al─▒nm─▒┼čt─▒r. Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada staccato tekni─činin hangi alanlarda kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒, nas─▒l sonu├žlar elde edildi─či bilgisine yer verilmi┼čtir. Notalar─▒n parmak ve dil uyumu ile nas─▒l ┼čekillenece─či ve nas─▒l bir ├žal─▒┼čma disiplini i├žinde ger├žekle┼čece─či planlanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Kam─▒┼č-nota-diyafram-parmak-dil-n├╝ans ve disiplin kavramlar─▒n─▒n staccato tekni─činde ayr─▒lmaz bir b├╝t├╝n oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Ara┼čt─▒rmada literat├╝r taramas─▒ yap─▒larak staccato ile ilgili ├žal─▒┼čmalar taranm─▒┼čt─▒r. Tarama sonucunda klarnet tekni─čin de kullan─▒lan staccato eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n az oldu─ču tespit edilmi┼čtir. Metot taramas─▒nda da et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n daha ├žok oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. B├Âylelikle klarnetin staccato tekni─čini h─▒zland─▒rma ve g├╝├žlendirme ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ sunulmu┼čtur. Staccato et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ yap─▒l─▒rken, araya eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n girmesi beyni rahatlatt─▒─č─▒ ve isteklili─či daha artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ g├Âzlemlenmi┼čtir. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒ yaparken do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi ├╝zerinde de durulmu┼čtur. Staccato tekni─čini do─čru ├žal─▒┼čmak i├žin do─čru bir kam─▒┼č─▒n dil h─▒z─▒n─▒ artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi kam─▒┼čtan rahat ses ├ž─▒kmas─▒na ba─čl─▒d─▒r. Kam─▒┼č, dil atma g├╝c├╝n├╝ vermiyorsa daha do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žiminin yap─▒lmas─▒ gereklili─či vurgulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒nda ba┼čtan sona bir eseri yorumlamak zor olabilir. Bu a├ž─▒dan ├žal─▒┼čma, verilen m├╝zikal n├╝anslara uyman─▒n, dil at─▒┼č performans─▒n─▒ rahatlatt─▒─č─▒n─▒ ortaya koymu┼čtur. Gelecek nesillere edinilen bilgi ve birikimlerin aktar─▒lmas─▒ ve geli┼čtirici olmas─▒ te┼čvik edilmi┼čtir. ├ç─▒kacak eserlerin nas─▒l ├ž├Âz├╝lece─či, staccato tekni─činin nas─▒l ├╝stesinden gelinebilece─či anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato tekni─činin daha k─▒sa s├╝rede ├ž├Âz├╝me kavu┼čturulmas─▒ ama├ž edinilmi┼čtir. Parmaklar─▒n yerlerini ├Â─čretti─čimiz kadar belle─čimize de ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n kaydedilmesi ├Ânemlidir. G├Âsterilen azmin ve sabr─▒n sonucu olarak ortaya ├ž─▒kan yap─▒t ba┼čar─▒y─▒ daha da yukar─▒ seviyelere ├ž─▒karacakt─▒r

    Dirac Equation for Photons: Origin of Polarisation

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    Spin is a fundamental degree of freedom, whose existence was proven by Dirac for an electron by imposing the relativity to quantum mechanics, leading to the triumph to derive the Dirac equation. Spin of a photon should be linked to polarisation, however, the similar argument for an electron was not applicable to Maxwell equations, which are already Lorentz invariant. Therefore, the origin of polarisation and its relationship with spin are not completely elucidated, yet. Here, we discuss propagation of coherent rays of photons in a graded-index optical fibre, which can be solved exactly using the Laguerre-Gauss or Hermite-Gauss modes in a cylindrical or a Cartesian coordinate. We found that the energy spectrum is massive with the effective mass as a function of the confinement and orbital angular momentum. The propagation is described by the one-dimensional (1D1D) non-relativistic Schr\"odinger equation, which is equivalent to the 2D2D space-time Klein-Gordon equation by a unitary transformation. The probabilistic interpretation and the conservation law require the factorisation of the Klein-Gordon equation, leading to the 2D2D Dirac equation with spin. We applied the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS)-Bogoliubov theory of superconductivity to a coherent ray from a laser and identified a radiative Nambu-Anderson-Higgs-Goldstone mode for recovering the broken symmetry. The spin expectation value of a photon corresponds to the polarisation state in the Poincar\'e sphere, which is characterised by fixed phases after the onset of lasing due to the broken SU(2)SU(2) symmetry, and it is shown that its azimuthal angle is coming from the phase of the energy gap

    Universal Challenges of Policing Rooted in Colonialism in the United States and Nigeria

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    Growing awareness regarding police brutality has generated a massive shift in public views on police institutions and the need for reform. The universal challenges of police authority, abuse, and impunity plague policing institutions across the globe. The roots of many of these contemporary challenges can be traced to European colonization. This paper explores policing structures, abuse, and impunity in the United States and Nigeria
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