392 research outputs found

    Gamma-ray Measurements with LaBr3: Ce Detectors -thinking Outside the Box

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    AbstractRecently developed cerium-doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr3: Ce) scintillation detectors have shown to possess promising properties with respect to the detection of γ-rays compared to previously known materials. In this work however, we demonstrate how these detectors may be used to obtain information not only about γ-rays, but also about neutrons, i.e. thinking”inside” and”outside” the box, respectively. For this purpose γ-rays were detected in coincidence with fission fragments and both their energy and their time-of-flight relative to the instant of a fission event is recorded. By evaluating the time-of-flight distributions of γ-rays, identified as decays of excited states after population by inelastically scattered neutrons inside the scintillation crystal as well as other surrounding materials, we show that it is possible to acquire knowledge from and about the spectrum of incident neutrons. We give three examples for conceivable applications, used to determine geometrical profiles, cross sections and neutron spectra, respectively

    Retrospective radon dosimetry

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    Knowledge of the precise life-time radon history in houses is essential for epidemiologists, mitigation professionals and house-owners. For radon dosimetry and to make a reasonable health-risk study similar information about the indoor aerosol environment is necessary. For this purpose a combined data analysis from measurements of the 210Po activity implanted in glass-surfaces as well as trapped in spongy materials is proposed. This analysis technique provides a characterization of the average indoor aerosol-particle environment. As a consequence, a radon dose estimation improves by a factor of about 3 compared to the commonly applied single surface-activity analysis

    First use of single-crystal diamonds as fission-fragment detector

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    Single crystal chemical vapor deposited diamond (sCVD) was investigated for its ability to act as Fission fragment detector. In particular we investigated timing and energy resolution for application in a simultaneous time and energy measurement to determine the mass of the detected fission fragment. Previous tests have shown that poly crystalline chemical vapor deposited (pCVD) diamonds provide sufficient timing resolution, but their poor energy resolution did not allow complete separation between very low energy fission fragments, alpha-particles and noise. Our present investigations prove artificial sCVD diamonds to show similar timing resolution as pCVD diamonds close to 100 ps. Improved pulse height resolution allows the unequivocal separation of fission fragments, and the detection efficiency reaches 100%, but remains with about a few percent behind requirements for fragment mass identification. With high-speed digital electronics a timing resolution well below 100 ps is possible. However, the strongly varying quality of the presently available diamond material does not allow application on a sufficiently large scale within reasonable investments

    Fostering European Collaborations: EUFRAT and work done at the accelerator facilities of JRC-IRMM

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    The European Commission via the General Directorate RTD in its different Framework Programs supported collaborations of member state institutions dealing with nuclear data. The projects EFNUDAT, ERINDA, CHANDA and EUFRAT all have in common Transnational Access Activities (TAA) to partner institutions. Within the past 10 years the collaborations have grown and in CHANDA now 35 partners are involved of which 16 offer TAA to their facilities. Since June 2014 JRC-IRMM, one of the driving forces behind the TAA, launched its own TAA project EUFRAT to foster collaborations with member states institutions. The calls for proposals are open ended with a deadline twice a year. A Project Advisory Committee discusses the proposals and decides on about approval. Financial support is given to approved proposals for two scientists. So far two calls have been evaluated with a request for access totalling more than 5000 h. Examples of proposals at the accelerator facilities at the JRC-IRMM are presented showing the multitude of possibilities using the nuclear facilities at the JRC-IRMM