532 research outputs found

    The SU(n)_1 WZW Models: Spinon Decomposition and Yangian Structure

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    We present a `spinon formulation' of the SU(n)1SU(n)_1 Wess-Zumino-Witten models. Central to this approach are a set of massless quasi-particles, called `spinons', which transform in the representation nˉ{\bf \bar{n}} of su(n)su(n) and carry fractional statistics of angle θ=π/n\theta = \pi/n. Multi-spinon states are grouped into irreducible representations of the yangian Y(sln)Y(sl_n). We give explicit results for the su(n)su(n) content of these yangian representations and present NN-spinon cuts of the WZW character formulas. As a by-product, we obtain closed expressions for characters of the su(n)su(n) Haldane-Shastry spin chains.Comment: 38 pages, LaTeX, no figure

    The deformed Virasoro algebra at roots of unity

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    We discuss some aspects of the representation theory of the deformed Virasoro algebra \virpq. In particular, we give a proof of the formula for the Kac determinant and then determine the center of \virpq for qq a primitive N-th root of unity. We derive explicit expressions for the generators of the center in the limit t=qp1t=qp^{-1}\to \infty and elucidate the connection to the Hall-Littlewood symmetric functions. Furthermore, we argue that for q=\sqrtN{1} the algebra describes `Gentile statistics' of order N1N-1, i.e., a situation in which at most N1N-1 particles can occupy the same state.Comment: 51 pages, TeX (with amssym.def

    On deformed W-algebras and quantum affine algebras

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    We discuss some aspects of the deformed W-algebras W_{q,t}[g]. In particular, we derive an explicit formula for the Kac determinant, and discuss the center when t^2 is a primitive k-th root of unity. The relation of the structure of W_{q,t}[g] to the representation ring of the quantum affine algebra U_q(\hat g), as discovered recently by Frenkel and Reshetikhin, is further elucidated in some examples.Comment: 40 pages, plain TeX with amssym.def, improved referencin

    T-duality for principal torus bundles

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    In this paper we study T-duality for principal torus bundles with H-flux. We identify a subset of fluxes which are T-dualizable, and compute both the dual torus bundle as well as the dual H-flux. We briefly discuss the generalized Gysin sequence behind this construction and provide examples both of non T-dualizable and of T-dualizable H-fluxes.Comment: 9 pages, typos removed and minor corrections mad

    Graded parafermions: standard and quasi-particle bases

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    Two bases of states are presented for modules of the graded parafermionic conformal field theory associated to the coset \osp(1,2)_k/\uh(1). The first one is formulated in terms of the two fundamental (i.e., lowest dimensional) parafermionic modes. In that basis, one can identify the completely reducible representations, i.e., those whose modules contain an infinite number of singular vectors; the explicit form of these vectors is also given. The second basis is a quasi-particle basis, determined in terms of a modified version of the \ZZ_{2k} exclusion principle. A novel feature of this model is that none of its bases are fully ordered and this reflects a hidden structural Z3\Z_3 exclusion principle.Comment: Harvmac 24 p; minor corrections in eqs 5.2 and 5.

    Distribution of satellite galaxies in high redshift groups

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    We use galaxy groups at redshifts between 0.4 and 1.0 selected from the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS) to study the color-morphological properties of satellite galaxies, and investigate possible alignment between the distribution of the satellites and the orientation of their central galaxy. We confirm the bimodal color and morphological type distribution for satellite galaxies at this redshift range: the red and blue classes corresponds to the early and late morphological types respectively, and the early-type satellites are on average brighter than the late-type ones. Furthermore, there is a {\it morphological conformity} between the central and satellite galaxies: the fraction of early-type satellites in groups with an early-type central is higher than those with a late-type central galaxy. This effect is stronger at smaller separations from the central galaxy. We find a marginally significant signal of alignment between the major axis of the early-type central galaxy and its satellite system, while for the late-type centrals no significant alignment signal is found. We discuss the alignment signal in the context of shape evolution of groups.Comment: 7 pages, 7 figures, accepted by Ap

    Presentations of Wess-Zumino-Witten Fusion Rings

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    The fusion rings of Wess-Zumino-Witten models are re-examined. Attention is drawn to the difference between fusion rings over Z (which are often of greater importance in applications) and fusion algebras over C. Complete proofs are given characterising the fusion algebras (over C) of the SU(r+1) and Sp(2r) models in terms of the fusion potentials, and it is shown that the analagous potentials cannot describe the fusion algebras of the other models. This explains why no other representation-theoretic fusion potentials have been found. Instead, explicit generators are then constructed for general WZW fusion rings (over Z). The Jacobi-Trudy identity and its Sp(2r) analogue are used to derive the known fusion potentials. This formalism is then extended to the WZW models over the spin groups of odd rank, and explicit presentations of the corresponding fusion rings are given. The analogues of the Jacobi-Trudy identity for the spinor representations (for all ranks) are derived for this purpose, and may be of independent interest.Comment: 32 pages, 3 figures, added references, minor additions to text. To be published in Rev. Math. Phy

    Non-abelian quantum Hall states - exclusion statistics, K-matrices and duality

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    We study excitations in edge theories for non-abelian quantum Hall states, focussing on the spin polarized states proposed by Read and Rezayi and on the spin singlet states proposed by two of the authors. By studying the exclusion statistics properties of edge-electrons and edge-quasiholes, we arrive at a novel K-matrix structure. Interestingly, the duality between the electron and quasihole sectors links the pseudoparticles that are characteristic for non-abelian statistics with composite particles that are associated to the `pairing physics' of the non-abelian quantum Hall states.Comment: LaTeX2e, 40 page
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