368 research outputs found

    Effective three-body interactions in nuclei

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    It is shown that the three-body forces in the 1f7/21f_{7/2} shell, for which recently evidence was found on the basis of spectroscopic properties of the Ca isotopes and N=28N=28 isotones, can be most naturally explained as an effective interaction due to excluded higher-lying shells, in particular the 2p3/22p_{3/2} orbit.}Comment: 5 pages, 1 tables, accepted for publication in Europhysics Letter

    Relations Between Coefficients of Fractional Parentage

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    For each of the (9/2), (11/2) and (13/2) single j shells we have only one state with J=j V=3 for a five particle system. For four identical particles there can be more than one state of seniority four. We note some ``ratio'' relations for the coefficients of fractional parentage for the four and five identical particle systems

    Seniority conservation and seniority violation in the g_{9/2} shell

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    The g_{9/2} shell of identical particles is the first one for which one can have seniority-mixing effects. We consider three interactions: a delta interaction that conserves seniority, a quadrupole-quadrupole (QQ) interaction that does not, and a third one consisting of two-body matrix elements taken from experiment (98Cd) that also leads to some seniority mixing. We deal with proton holes relative to a Z=50,N=50 core. One surprising result is that, for a four-particle system with total angular momentum I=4, there is one state with seniority v=4 that is an eigenstate of any two-body interaction--seniority conserving or not. The other two states are mixtures of v=2 and v=4 for the seniority-mixing interactions. The same thing holds true for I=6. Another point of interest is that the splittings E(I_{max})-E(I_{min}) are the same for three and five particles with a seniority conserving interaction (a well known result), but are equal and opposite for a QQ interaction. We also fit the spectra with a combination of the delta and QQ interactions. The Z=40,N=40 core plus g_{9/2} neutrons (Zr isotopes) is also considered, although it is recognized that the core is deformed.Comment: 19 pages, 9 figures; RevTeX4. We have corrected the SDI values in Table1 and Fig.1; in Sect.VII we have included an explanation of Fig.3 through triaxiality; we have added comments of Figs.10-12 in Sect.IX; we have removed Figs.7-

    Relativistic U(3) Symmetry and Pseudo-U(3) Symmetry of the Dirac Hamiltonian

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    The Dirac Hamiltonian with relativistic scalar and vector harmonic oscillator potentials has been solved analytically in two limits. One is the spin limit for which spin is an invariant symmetry of the the Dirac Hamiltonian and the other is the pseudo-spin limit for which pseudo-spin is an invariant symmetry of the the Dirac Hamiltonian. The spin limit occurs when the scalar potential is equal to the vector potential plus a constant, and the pseudospin limit occurs when the scalar potential is equal in magnitude but opposite in sign to the vector potential plus a constant. Like the non-relativistic harmonic oscillator, each of these limits has a higher symmetry. For example, for the spherically symmetric oscillator, these limits have a U(3) and pseudo-U(3) symmetry respectively. We shall discuss the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of these two limits and derive the relativistic generators for the U(3) and pseudo-U(3) symmetry. We also argue, that, if an anti-nucleon can be bound in a nucleus, the spectrum will have approximate spin and U(3) symmetry.Comment: Submitted to the Proceedings of "Tenth International Spring Seminar-New Quests in Nuclear Structure", 6 page

    Alternate Derivation of Ginocchio-Haxton relation [(2j+3)/6]

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    We address the problem, previously considered by Ginocchio and Haxton (G-H), of the number of states for three identical particles in a single j-shell with angular momentum J=j. G-H solved this problem in the context of the quantum Hall effect. We address it in a more direct way. We also consider the case J=j+1 to show that our method is more general, and we show how to take care of added complications for a system of five identical particles.Comment: 7 pages, RevTeX4; submitted to Phys. Rev.

    U(3) and Pseudo-U(3) Symmetry of the Relativistic Harmonic Oscillator

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    We show that a Dirac Hamiltonian with equal scalar and vector harmonic oscillator potentials has not only a spin symmetry but an U(3) symmetry and that a Dirac Hamiltonian with scalar and vector harmonic oscillator potentials equal in magnitude but opposite in sign has not only a pseudospin symmetry but a pseudo-U(3) symmetry. We derive the generators of the symmetry for each case.Comment: 8 pages, 0 figures, pusblished in Physical Review Letters 95, 252501 (2005

    Fermionic Symmetries: Extension of the two to one Relationship Between the Spectra of Even-Even and Neighbouring Odd mass Nuclei

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    In the single j shell there is a two to one relationship between the spectra of certain even-even and neighbouring odd mass nuclei e.g. the calculated energy levels of J=0^+ states in ^{44}Ti are at twice the energies of corresponding levels in ^{43}Ti(^{43}Sc) with J=j=7/2. Here an approximate extension of the relationship is made by adopting a truncated seniority scheme i.e. for ^{46}Ti and ^{45}Sc we get the relationship if we do not allow the seniority v=4 states to mix with the v=0 and v=2 states. Better than that, we get very close to the two to one relationship if seniority v=4 states are admixed perturbatively. In addition, it is shown that the higher isospin states do not contain seniority 4 admixtures.Comment: 11 pages, RevTex file and no figures, typos added, references changed and changed content

    Partial conservation of seniority in nuclei

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    A review is given of the relation between pairing, quasi-spin algebras and seniority. The former two concepts are closely connected, the relation being that the quasi-spin formalism allows an efficient solution of the pairing problem. Seniority is of much wider applicability than either pairing or quasi-spin and applications can even be extended to encompass the notion of partial symmetry. A recent application of partial conservation of seniority and its importance for nuclear isomers is discussed.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figures. Presented at the 17th Nuclear Physics Conference "Marie and Pierre Curie" on " Symmetry and Symmetry Breaking in Nuclear Physics", Kazimierz Dolny, 22-26 september 2010, Poland. Accepted for publication in International Journal of Modern Physics
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