13,979 research outputs found

    Density matrix of a finite sub-chain of the Heisenberg anti-ferromagnet

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    We consider a finite sub-chain on an interval of the infinite XXX model in the ground state. The density matrix for such a subsystem was described in our previous works for the model with inhomogeneous spectral parameters. In the present paper, we give a compact formula for the physically interesting case of the homogeneous model.Comment: 6 pages, some formulas are refine

    Fermionic Basis in Conformal Field Theory and Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz for Excited States

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    We generalize the results of [Comm. Math. Phys. 299 (2010), 825-866, arXiv:0911.3731] (hidden Grassmann structure IV) to the case of excited states of the transfer matrix of the six-vertex model acting in the so-called Matsubara direction. We establish an equivalence between a scaling limit of the partition function of the six-vertex model on a cylinder with quasi-local operators inserted and special boundary conditions, corresponding to particle-hole excitations, on the one hand, and certain three-point correlation functions of conformal field theory (CFT) on the other hand. As in hidden Grassmann structure IV, the fermionic basis developed in previous papers and its conformal limit are used for a description of the quasi-local operators. In paper IV we claimed that in the conformal limit the fermionic creation operators generate a basis equivalent to the basis of the descendant states in the conformal field theory modulo integrals of motion suggested by A. Zamolodchikov (1987). Here we argue that, in order to completely determine the transformation between the above fermionic basis and the basis of descendants in the CFT, we need to involve excitations. On the side of the lattice model we use the excited-state TBA approach. We consider in detail the case of the descendant at level 8

    Optimized Neural Networks to Search for Higgs Boson Production at the Tevatron

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    An optimal choice of proper kinematical variables is one of the main steps in using neural networks (NN) in high energy physics. Our method of the variable selection is based on the analysis of a structure of Feynman diagrams (singularities and spin correlations) contributing to the signal and background processes. An application of this method to the Higgs boson search at the Tevatron leads to an improvement in the NN efficiency by a factor of 1.5-2 in comparison to previous NN studies.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, partially presented in proceedings of ACAT'02 conferenc

    Emptiness Formation Probability and Quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov Equation

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    We consider the one-dimensional XXX spin 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet at zero temperature and zero magnetic field. We are interested in a probability of formation of a ferromagnetic string in the antiferromagnetic ground-state. We call it emptiness formation probability [EFP]. We suggest a new technique for computation of EFP in the inhomogeneous case. It is based on quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation. We evalauted EFP for strings of the length six in the inhomogeneous case. The homogeneous limit confirms our hypothesis about the relation of quantum correlations to number theory. We also make a conjecture about a general structure of EFP for arbitrary lenght of the string \.Comment: LATEX file, 23 pages, 21 reference

    Gauge invariant decomposition of 1-loop multiparticle scattering amplitudes

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    A simple algorithm is presented to decompose any 1-loop amplitude for scattering processes of the class 2 fermions -> 4 fermions into a fixed number of gauge-invariant form factors. The structure of the amplitude is simpler than in the conventional approaches and its numerical evaluation is made faster. The algorithm can be efficiently applied also to amplitudes with several thousands of Feynman diagrams.Comment: 6 page