3,774 research outputs found

### Universal Coding on Infinite Alphabets: Exponentially Decreasing Envelopes

This paper deals with the problem of universal lossless coding on a countable infinite alphabet. It focuses on some classes of sources defined by an envelope condition on the marginal distribution, namely exponentially decreasing envelope classes with exponent $\alpha$. The minimax redundancy of exponentially decreasing envelope classes is proved to be equivalent to $\frac{1}{4 \alpha \log e} \log^2 n$. Then a coding strategy is proposed, with a Bayes redundancy equivalent to the maximin redundancy. At last, an adaptive algorithm is provided, whose redundancy is equivalent to the minimax redundanc

### Bernstein von Mises Theorems for Gaussian Regression with increasing number of regressors

This paper brings a contribution to the Bayesian theory of nonparametric and semiparametric estimation. We are interested in the asymptotic normality of the posterior distribution in Gaussian linear regression models when the number of regressors increases with the sample size. Two kinds of Bernstein-von Mises Theorems are obtained in this framework: nonparametric theorems for the parameter itself, and semiparametric theorems for functionals of the parameter. We apply them to the Gaussian sequence model and to the regression of functions in Sobolev and $C^{\alpha}$ classes, in which we get the minimax convergence rates. Adaptivity is reached for the Bayesian estimators of functionals in our applications

### Smooth times of a flow in dimension 1

Let $\alpha$ be an irrational number and $I$ an interval of $\mathbb{R}$. If $\alpha$ is diophantine, we show that any one-parameter group of homeomorphisms of $I$ whose time-$1$ and $\alpha$ maps are $C^\infty$ is in fact the flow of a $C^\infty$ vector field. If $\alpha$ is Liouville on the other hand, we construct a one-parameter group of homeomorphisms of $I$ whose time-$1$ and $\alpha$ maps are $C^\infty$ but which is not the flow of a $C^2$ vector field (though, if $I$ has boundary, we explain that the hypotheses force it to be the flow of a $C^1$ vector field). We extend both results to families of irrational numbers, the critical arithmetic condition in this case being simultaneous "diophantinity". For one-parameter groups defining a free action of $(\mathbb{R},+)$ on $I$, these results follow from famous linearization theorems for circle diffeomorphisms. The novelty of this work concerns non-free actions.Comment: 35 pages, 8 figure

### On the connectedness of the space of codimension one foliations on a closed 3-manifold

We study the topology of the space of smooth codimension one foliations on a closed 3-manifold. We regard this space as the space of integrable plane fields included in the space of all smooth plane fields. It has been known since the late 60's that every plane field can be deformed continuously to an integrable one, so the above inclusion induces a surjective map between connected components. We prove that this map is actually a bijection.Comment: 47 pages, 22 figure

### Clustering and variable selection for categorical multivariate data

This article investigates unsupervised classification techniques for categorical multivariate data. The study employs multivariate multinomial mixture modeling, which is a type of model particularly applicable to multilocus genotypic data. A model selection procedure is used to simultaneously select the number of components and the relevant variables. A non-asymptotic oracle inequality is obtained, leading to the proposal of a new penalized maximum likelihood criterion. The selected model proves to be asymptotically consistent under weak assumptions on the true probability underlying the observations. The main theoretical result obtained in this study suggests a penalty function defined to within a multiplicative parameter. In practice, the data-driven calibration of the penalty function is made possible by slope heuristics. Based on simulated data, this procedure is found to improve the performance of the selection procedure with respect to classical criteria such as BIC and AIC. The new criterion provides an answer to the question "Which criterion for which sample size?" Examples of real dataset applications are also provided