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Disposal systems evaluations and tool development : Engineered Barrier System (EBS) evaluation.

By Jonny (LBNL) Rutqvist, Hui-Hai (LBNL) Liu, Carl I. (LBNL) Steefel, M. A. (LLNL) Serrano de Caro, Florie Andre (LANL) Caporuscio, Jens T. (LBNL) Birkholzer, James A. (LLNL) Blink, Mark A. (LLNL) Sutton, Hongwu (LANL) Xu, Thomas A. (LLNL) Buscheck, Schon S. (LANL) Levy, Chin-Fu (LBNL) Tsang, Eric (LBNL) Sonnenthal, William G. (LLNL) Halsey, Carlos F. Jove-Colon and Thomas J. (LLNL) Wolery

Abstract

Key components of the nuclear fuel cycle are short-term storage and long-term disposal of nuclear waste. The latter encompasses the immobilization of used nuclear fuel (UNF) and radioactive waste streams generated by various phases of the nuclear fuel cycle, and the safe and permanent disposition of these waste forms in geological repository environments. The engineered barrier system (EBS) plays a very important role in the long-term isolation of nuclear waste in geological repository environments. EBS concepts and their interactions with the natural barrier are inherently important to the long-term performance assessment of the safety case where nuclear waste disposition needs to be evaluated for time periods of up to one million years. Making the safety case needed in the decision-making process for the recommendation and the eventual embracement of a disposal system concept requires a multi-faceted integration of knowledge and evidence-gathering to demonstrate the required confidence level in a deep geological disposal site and to evaluate long-term repository performance. The focus of this report is the following: (1) Evaluation of EBS in long-term disposal systems in deep geologic environments with emphasis on the multi-barrier concept; (2) Evaluation of key parameters in the characterization of EBS performance; (3) Identification of key knowledge gaps and uncertainties; and (4) Evaluation of tools and modeling approaches for EBS processes and performance. The above topics will be evaluated through the analysis of the following: (1) Overview of EBS concepts for various NW disposal systems; (2) Natural and man-made analogs, room chemistry, hydrochemistry of deep subsurface environments, and EBS material stability in near-field environments; (3) Reactive Transport and Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) processes in EBS; and (4) Thermal analysis toolkit, metallic barrier degradation mode survey, and development of a Disposal Systems Evaluation Framework (DSEF). This report will focus on the multi-barrier concept of EBS and variants of this type which in essence is the most adopted concept by various repository programs. Empasis is given mainly to the evaluation of EBS materials and processes through the analysis of published studies in the scientific literature of past and existing repository research programs. Tool evaluations are also emphasized, particularly on THCM processes and chemical equilibria. Although being an increasingly important aspect of NW disposition, short-term or interim storage of NW will be briefly discussed but not to the extent of the EBS issues relevant to disposal systems in deep geologic environments. Interim storage will be discussed in the report Evaluation of Storage Concepts FY10 Final Report (Weiner et al. 2010)

Topics: Research Programs, Decision Making, Storage, Waste Forms, Recommendations, Radioactive Wastes, Simulation, Transport, 11 Nuclear Fuel Cycle And Fuel Materials, Thermal Analysis, Nuclear Fuels, Waste Storage, Safety, 12 Management Of Radioactive Wastes, And Non-Radioactive Wastes From Nuclear Facilities, Chemistry, Stability, Evaluation, Performance
Publisher: Sandia National Laboratories
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.2172/1011667
OAI identifier:
Provided by: UNT Digital Library
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