We have previously observed that subunits of the chaperonin required for actin production (type-II chaperonin containing T-complex polypeptide 1 [CCT]) localize at sites of microfilament assembly. In this article we extend this observation by showing that substantially substoichiometric CCT reduces the initial rate of pyrene-labeled actin polymerization in vitro where eubacterial chaperonin GroEL had no such effect. CCT subunits bound selectively to F-actin in cosedimentation assays, and CCT reduced elongation rates from both purified actin filament "seeds" and the short and stabilized, minus-end blocked filaments in erythrocyte membrane cytoskeletons. These observations suggest CCT might remain involved in biogenesis of the actin cytoskeleton, by acting at filament (+) ends, beyond its already well- established role in producing new actin monomers
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.