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    IDENTIFIKASI PENYEBAB CACAT PADA PRODUK PEMBALUT WANITA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE FAULT TREE ANALYSIS (FTA) DI PT SOFTNESS INDONESIA INDAH – SURABAYA

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    Dalam era globalisasi serta kemudahan akses terhadap informasi, perkembangan produk dan jasa yang pesat telah mengubah bagaimana pelanggan bertransaksi dengan sebuah perusahaan. Situasi kompetisi dewasa ini tidak memberikan sedikitpun peluang bagi perusahaan untuk berbuat salah. Perusahaan harus benar-benar memuaskan pelanggannya dan selalu berupaya mencari cara baru untuk memenuhi permintaan pelanggan melebihi harapan-harapan pelanggan. PT. Softness Indonesia Indah merupakan suatu perusahaan yang memproduksi pembalut wanita dan belum pernah mengadakan pengendalian kualitas terhadap produk tersebut. Terutama produk pembalut wanita yang menjadi produk utama PT. Softness Indonesia Indah yang sering menerima keluhan dari pelanggannya akibat banyak terjadi kecacatan Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi kecacatan produk dan akar-akar penyebabnya serta menganalisa dengan menggunakan probabilitas sehingga dapat dilakukan pengendalian produksi. Dengan menggunakan metode Fault Tree Analiysis yang mampu menganalisa kecacatan yang terjadi hingga ke akar-akar penyebabnya. Kemudian dilakukan evaluasi dengan menggunakan cut set agar lebih sederhana mengetahui peristiwa pembentukan kecacatan. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah kecacatan terbesar berupa pres kurang tebal yang menjadi sebab utama. Dalam pengambilan sampling produk dengan waktu 8 jam/hari selama 3 bulan awal produksi, probabilitas terjadinya kecacatan tersebut sebesar 0,15 %. Kedua adalah lem yang keluar jalur, dengan probabilitas 0,12 %. Ketiga adalah berat pulp tidak sesuai takaran, dengan probabilitas 0,09 %. Dan keempat adalah pelipatan kurang normal, dengan probabilitas 0,09 %

    UTILIZATION OF MILK WITH PENICILLIN ANTIBIOTIC RESIDUES BY YOGURT FERMENTATION

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    Antibiotic residues in milk are problem for consumer and daby farmer, discard this milk will be loss for dairy farmer and environment pollution. Penicillin are most antibiotic residues In milk Yogurt is milk fermented milk with starter of Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Penicillin residues in milk will reduce starter activity and finalIy unsuccessful these process. The purpose of this study was to determine penicillin level in milk which is possible to produce yogurt, evaluation of decreasing Penicillin residues level in yoghurt, relationship between starter, antibiotic residues and yoghurt quality. Complete Randomized Design, consist of two factor (penicillin residues : 0,0 1 / ml, 2,0 IU / ml, 4,01U/ / ml, 8,0 IU / m4 0,0 IU / ml and 10 IU / ml and starter concentration : 5 %, 7,5%, 10% and 12,5% ). The study indicated that milk with penicillin residues 10 IU/ml, with starter ( 7,5 % - 12,5% ) are still succes to produce yoghurt and to clear up penicillin residues in mil

    UTILIZATION OF SEED CORN WASTE FROM SEED CORN INDUSTRY INTO BIOETHANOL

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    Alcohol or often referred to as ethanol (ethyl alcohol) in the industrialized world which is often used as a solvent, can be produced by fermentation using the yeast Saccharomyces cereviceae. The basic ingredients that can be fermented among other materials that contain saccharin, starch, and selullosa. Production of bioethanol to the current research done using basic materials derived from waste starch corn kernels from the corn seed breeding industry (PT.BISI INTERNATIONAL Tbk) is 63% starch content. Before the fermentation process, first performed by the process of hydrolysis using the enzyme-producing bacterial α-amylase is Bacillus subtilis to obtain a solution containing sugar (glucose). A solution containing the results of hydrolysis of 15,22% glucose is then fermented for a certain time interval by using yeast species Saccharomyces Cereviceae. From the experimental results obtained a conclusion that the maximum yield is obtained on 6 days hydrolysis bacillus 7,5% and a fermentation process using Saccharomyces cereviceae 7,5% which took place on 9 days with levels of bio-ethanol produced by 6,14%

    Government and NGOs Collaboration in Disaster Governance: The Indonesian Experience

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    As the main leader in disaster governance, governments are believed to have bigger role than the others. However, it is hard for governments to solve the disaster problems by themselves. Governments need to be supported by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) because NGOs have abilities which governments don’t have. Both of them must make mutual cooperation in disaster governance. But, the Indonesian experience shows that government and NGOs are, in some cases, involved in unnecessary conflict. Government views that the NGOs, mainly international NGOs, are just talking rather than acting and potential to destroy local knowledge. On the other hand, NGOs feel that the government could not respond the disaster quickly and want to restrict their freedom. Therefore, to give the best service for disaster victims, government and NGOs should make norms for collaboration and coordination among them, hold regular training of disaster risk reduction for government officials, and improve capacity building support needed by NGOs. Key Words: government, NGOs, disaster governance, disaster risk reduction. Abstrak Sebagai pemimpin utama dalam tata kelola bencana, pemerintah diyakini memiliki peran yang lebih besar dari yang lain. Namun, sulit bagi pemerintah untuk memecahkan masalah bencana sendiri. Pemerintah perlu didukung oleh organisasi non-pemerintah (LSM) karena LSM memiliki kemampuan yang pemerintah tidak memilik. Keduanya harus membuat kerjasama dalam pemerintahan bencana. Namun, pengalaman Indonesia menunjukkan bahwa pemerintah dan LSM, dalam beberapa kasus, terlibat dalam konflik yang tidak perlu. Pemerintah berpandangan bahwa LSM, terutama LSM internasional, hanya berbicara daripada bertindak dan berpotensi untuk menghancurkan pengetahuan lokal. Di sisi lain, LSM merasa bahwa pemerintah tidak bisa merespon bencana dengan cepat dan ingin membatasi kebebasan mereka. Oleh karena itu, untuk memberikan pelayanan yang terbaik bagi korban bencana, pemerintah dan LSM harus membuat norma untuk kerjasama dan koordinasi di antara mereka, menyelenggarakan pelatihan rutin pengurangan risiko bencana untuk pejabat pemerintah, dan meningkatkan daya dukung bangunan yang diperlukan oleh LSM. Kata-Kata Kunci: pemerintah, LSM, tata kelola bencana, pengurangan resiko bencana

    RELIANCE ATTITUDES OF FARMERS IN CHOOSING HYBRID AND NON-HYBRID SEEDS IN CORN FARMING (CASE STUDY IN THE DISTRICT OF PURI DISTRICT. MOJOKERTO, EAST JAVA)

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    The purpose of this study are: 1). Analyzed the attitude of the farmers trust in choosing Hybrid and Non-Hybrid seeds on corn farming. 2). Knowing the superior attributes of corn seed hybrid and non-hybrid is an option for farmers. 3). Analyzed the economic feasibility of farming of corn hybrid and non hybrid. The research method used analysis of Fishbein Multiattribute attitude models to detect first and secondary objectiveness, while the third objective economic analysis of farming used by an analysis of cost and revenue balance (Return and Cost Ratio). The finding are show 1). Farmers who consider the most important attributes in selecting seed corn hybrid (P-21), (Bisi-2) is the Production, Growing Power, Brand, Efficiency uses Fertilizer, Seed Availability and Seed Price. In the other side Resistant toward drought attributes deemed most farmers less important than other attributes. The most important attributes of corn seed non-hybrid (Local) is Seed Price, Growing Power, Production, Brand, Resistant toward drought and Efficiency uses Fertilizer. While Seed Availability attributes deemed most farmers less important than other attributes. 2). Superior attributes selected by farmers on farms using corn seed hybrid (P-21), (Bisi-2) are production, While that use corn seed non hybrid (local) are seed price.. 3). Corn farming that use seed hybrid (P-21) and (Bisi-2), more efficient from seed non hybrid (local), and economical beneficial with feasible to carried on

    THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN INDONESIA STATE-OWNED PLANTATION COMPANY

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    Today there are greater demands on companies. Nature destruction and global warming blamed as companies exploitation on earth. Therefore, corporate social responsibility is no longer just a voluntary but has become a mandatory. This article explores the extent of corporate social responsibility activities undertaken by stateowned plantation company in Indonesia as a company that directly relate to exploit natural resources. The discussion focuses on the role of external stakeholders that influence the policy of CSR program

    Simulation and Experimental System Terner Aseton-Butanol-Ethanol with Batch Distillation

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    Result of Aseton-Butanol-Ethanol (ABE) terner system simulation (ABE) in the form of temperature profile, liquida composition profile and vapour in bottom utilized as reference in ABE terner system experiment, with komparasi result of ABE terner system experiment and simulation will know how far deviation obtained. For the dissociation of ABE terner system done by research simulationly before done by research experimentally, so that in determination of research variable can more directional and expense of cheaper research. Simulation of ABE terner system by batch distillation use rigorous method, model DAEs and Matlab Ianguage. Result of from ABE terner system simulation later then comparation use Metanol-Ethanol-Propanol (MEP) terner system which forming homolog deret. Usage of MEP terner system in ABE terner system comparation, because MEP terner system mixture prediction form zeotropik mixture. Result of simulation in the form of temperature profile, liquida composition profile and vapor composition profile function of time dimensionless () either in bottom and also[in distilate. Is afterwards done by ABE terner system experiment with operating pressure 1 atmospher, ABE mixture volume 350 ml, ABE feed composition : 0.8, 0.1, 0.1 ( mole fraction) and : 0, 1, 2,3. Result of ABE terner system simulation comparation with MEP terner system come near result which same and show zeotropik mixture. Result of experiment and simulation in the form of temperature profile, liquida composition profile and vapor composition profile time dimensionless function either in bottom and also in distilate show result come near is samely. So that ABE terner system simulation after comparation with MEP terner system can wear by reference in ABE terner system experimen

    Making Ethanol from Tapioca Starch Liquid Waste by Hydrolysis and Fermentation

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    Alcohol or often called ethanol (ethyl alcohol) in the industrialized world which is often used as a solvent, can be produced by fermentation using the yeast Saccharomyces Cereviceae. The basic ingredients that can be fermented include materials that contain saccharin, starch, and selullosa. Production of ethanol in this study carried out by using the basic ingredients of starch derived from tapioca starch liquid waste that has a starch content of 8.14%. Before the fermentation process, first performed by the process of hydrolysis using bacteria producing enzyme α- amylase is Bacillus to obtain a solution containing sugar (glucose). Result of hydrolysis solution containing glucose at 4.82%, 5.3% and 5.7% then fermented for a certain time interval by using yeast Saccharomyces Cereviceae. From the experimental results obtained a conclusion that maximum results are obtained occurs in 10% bacillus fermentation lasts for 15 days with levels of ethanol produced by 20.14%

    SURFACE AREA MICROSTRUCTURE GAS DIFFUSION LAYER AND ITS EFFECTS ON MEA FUEL CELL

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    The Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) microstructure is the path in which the input gases, namely, hydrogen and compressed air, will follow through in the process of obtaining energy from the polymer electrode membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) system. The efficiency of the conversion is dependent on the microstructure model of the materials used in making this gas diffusion layer (GDE or gas diffusion electrode (GDE). For every change in microstructure dimension, hence the electrical output obtained will be affected. Therefore, controlling the MEA microstructure in its fabrication is an imperative step in producing a good MEA. The controlling parameters used are the surface area of micro pore inside the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL). The methods of BET are utilized in the study of surfaces, respectively; while the single stack fuel cell simulation is used in obtaining the current-voltage relationship. Results of the analyses showed that the current MEA Fuel Cell increasing as well as increasing surface area GDL. Whereas, surface area GDL is one of the parameter control to get GDL appropriate. Keywords: surface area, cell potential fuel cell I

    THE ROAL OF COASTAL COMMUNITIES SUPPORT MANAGEMENT MANGROVE

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    The mangrove area has an important meaning in beach ecosystem, both from ecological and economical aspects. For this, the rehabilitation of mangrove forest is done as one effort that aims to maintain and return the mangrove forest function as one of life system supporters, especially in beach area. The most respondent ages of coast people of Gending, Pajarakan, dan Kraksaan districts, Probolinggo Regency are between 30 to 59 years old, i.e. as 86 people or 95.55% indicates that coast people are productive ages so they can be hoped very potential for having role in supporting mangrove ecosystem management of Probolinggo Regency coast. The average respondent educational rates are mostly Elementary School to Senior High School, Le. as 76 people. Generally, human resources of coast people have relatively good education level. Thereby, it can be hoped to have positive potencies for the role of coast people themselves toward the mangrove ecosystem management support of Probolinggo Regency coast. The average most respondents have family burdens two and three people as six people or 6.67 percents. But, there are still three respondents who have not have family burdens. Generally, more and more members help in respondent's jobs. The mangrove ecosystem management strategy of Probolinggo Regency coast is by involving people role (people and people figures) and governmental supports through the models of mangrove forest management strategy, the model of embankment cultivation management by entering mangrove as input resources of production facilities, and ecotourism management by the purpose of improving people income
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