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    Implikasi Hukum Terhadap Match Fixing Sepakbola Indonesia: Analisis Perbandingan Antara Hukum Perancis dan Jerman

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    This research is intended to conduct a legal comparison between Indonesian law with French and German law regarding match fixing in football with the aim of studying the options whether the law in the two countries can be applied to our national law for the improvement of national law. This research is conducted with the type of normative legal research using secondary data in the form of primary legal materials and secondary legal materials obtained through literature study. The approach to conducting this norm comparison is included in the micro approach whose focus is the regulation of law. The method used in this research is the functional method, which means that in this research what is compared is the law as it functions and applies in a particular society in a particular place. The result and conclusion of this research find that Indonesia does not have specific regulations regarding match fixing in sports, especially football and Indonesia should be able to make “legal reforms” by regulating the application of the concept of private sector corruption, elements of prohibited actions such as accepting, giving, and requesting gifts, rewards, certain benefits for themselves or other parties that can affect the outcome or process of the match, as well as regulating more severe sanctions related to fines considering the motivation for committing match fixing crimes is financial gain with reference to French and German criminal law

    Enhancing Biochemistry Assessment Quality in Medical Education Through Item Response Theory (IRT)

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    Background In medical education, particularly in biochemistry, crafting high-quality assessment questions is a primary challenge. Each item necessitates thorough evaluation, and precise identification of student abilities is crucial for maximally reflecting learning achievement. Objective This study aims to enhance assessment quality in biochemistry medical education by implementing Item Response Theory (IRT). This approach addresses Classical Test Theory (CTT) limitations. Recognizing the critical role of question quality in the learning process, the study investigates how IRT can more holistically and equitably assess student abilities. It includes a comparative analysis of student scores before and after IRT implementation. Methods Employing a mixed-method research approach, this study combines comparative quantitative analysis with qualitative ICC curve analysis in a pre-post experimental design. It focuses on biochemistry exam data from medical students (n = 89). IRT is used to measure the probability of student responses to questions, using parameters such as discrimination, difficulty level, and guessing probability. Jamovi software supports this analysis by accelerating computational processes. Results Significant improvements were observed in both question quality and student scores. Prior to IRT implementation, the average initial exam score was 56.1, which increased to 74.1 in the subsequent exam. The IRT evaluation indicated that the exam questions achieved a more effective differentiation between students of varying abilities. This improvement was evident from the increased person reliability and through Wright Map visualizations, which helped identify highly difficult questions via the Item Characteristic Curve (ICC). Conclusion The study advocates for integrating IRT as a standard method in biochemistry medical assessments. It highlights the necessity of assessments that are sensitive to individual student capabilities, providing more precise feedback for enhancing the quality of learning. These findings are crucial for evolving evaluation methodologies and advancing medical education standards

    Job Satisfaction, and Working Environment: Mediating Role of Work-Life Balance

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    This study addresses the growing concern of achieving work-life balance and its impact on employee productivity and job satisfaction in various industries. Focusing on the psychological mechanisms, the research explores the mediating role of work-life balance in the association between job satisfaction and work environment. Employing a data mining strategy, the study extracts employee ratings from Jobstreet.com, to compile a sample of 124 companies across diverse industries, providing a quantitative contribution to the emerging field. The research demonstrates the advantages of using social media data to evaluate employer brands, highlighting the inclusive nature of platforms like Jobstreet for diverse user engagement. The research identifies a robust correlation between a healthy work-life balance and improved job performance, emphasizing the need for a deeper understanding of the processes involved. It explores the influence of workplace culture and environment on work-life balance and productivity, particularly how employee satisfaction with coworkers contributes to psychological well-being. The study aims to shed light on how work-life balance mediates the relationship between the work environment and job satisfaction

    Panduan Praktis Bahasa Inggris Untuk Era Teknologi

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    Analisis Strategi Blue Ocean “PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk”

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis strategi blue ocean pada PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk. Besarnya persaingan serta kebijakan-kebijakan pemerintah memberi tantangan pada Perusahaan yang bergerak pada industri rokok. PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk sebagai salah satu market leader terus berinovasi untuk menjawab kebutuhan pasar.Strategi-strategi yang sudah ada akan lebih dikembangkan sehingga dapat berkompetisi pada pasar yang baru. Metode dalam penelitian ini menggunakan survei dan studi literatur untuk memahami, meneliti, dan mempelajari mengenai strategi-strategi yang digunakan oleh PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk. Untuk merekonstruksi elemen-elemen dari PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk untuk masuk ke dalam kurva nilai baru, peneliti mengembangkan strategi dengan beberapa alat analisis yaitu The Four Action Framework dan The ERRC Grid. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa strategi blue ocean dapat meningkatkan kepuasan pengguna layanan, membuat segmen pasar yang baru, dan memberikan kelengkapan bagi produk dan layanan dari PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk. Implementasi strategi yang dilakukan akan memberikan keuntungan positif bagi Perusahaan rokok untuk lebih berkompetitif pada pasar yang baru dan menjadi bisnis yang berkelanjutan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan kontribusi dalam memberikan pemahaman dan penerapan dari strategi blue ocean pada Perusahaan rokok di Indonesia. Selain itu, dapat memberikan kontribusi dalam pengembangan strategi pemasaran dalam menghadapi persaingan yang ketat dalam industri rokok

    Genomic profile of Parkinson's disease in Asians

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    Parkinson's Disease (PD) has witnessed an alarming rise in prevalence, highlighting the suboptimal nature of early diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. To address this issue, genetic testing has emerged as a potential avenue. In this comprehensive review, we have meticulously summarized the variants associated with PD in Asian populations. Our review reveals that these variants exert their influence on diverse biological pathways, encompassing the autophagy-lysosome pathway, cholesterol metabolism, circadian rhythm regulation, immune system response, and synaptic function. Conventionally, PD has been linked to other diseases; however, our findings shed light on a shared genetic susceptibility among these conditions, implying an underlying pathophysiological mechanism that unifies them. Moreover, it is noteworthy that these PD-associated variants can significantly impact drug responses during therapeutic interventions. This review not only provides a consolidated overview of the genetic variants associated with PD in Asian populations but also contributes novel insights into the intricate relationships between PD and other diseases by elucidating shared genetic components. These findings underscore the importance of personalized approaches in diagnosing and treating PD based on individual genetic profiles to optimize patient outcomes

    Do Emotions Influence the Investment Decisions of Generation Z Surabaya Investors in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era? Does Financial Risk Tolerance Play a Moderating Role?

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    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of positive aand negative emotions on investment decisions during the Covid-19 pandemic, as well as to test risk tolerance as a intervening variable between basic emotions and investment decisions. This study uses endogenous variables, namely investment decisions and exogenous variables, namely positive and negative emotions including anger, sadness, hope, happiness, and fear. As well as the intervening variable, namely financial risk tolerance. Data collection was carried out by distributing questionnaires to 180 young investors in Surabaya, Indonesia. The questionnaire uses a 5-point Likert scale. Hypothesis testing uses a structural equation model. The results of the study indicate that there is a significant impact of positive emotions on investment decision-making. The association in question is mediated by financial risk tolerance. The regulation of the relationship between negative emotions and investment decisions by financial risk tolerance remains unclear. Furthermore, the impact of negative emotions on investment decisions appears to be insignificant. Practical implications of this research help young investors of generation z to manage their emotions, especially in the era of Covid-19. This is because emotions can affect their investment decision making. The originality of this research is a unique study of the positive and negative emotions associated with the investment decisions of young investors in the Covid-19 era. As well as risk tolerance which will strengthen the influence of emotions on investment decisions. The results of the research strengthen the theory of emotional intelligence and the dual process theory

    The Big Five Personality Traits Indonesia Investor During The Covid-19 Pandemic

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    This study aims to determine the effect of the big five personality traits on financial risk tolerance and investment decision. The context of this research occurs for investors in Indonesia during the covid-19 pandemic period. The approach taken in this study is to use a quantitative approach method by distributing questionnaires to respondents who have become investors in Indonesia. Five independent variables measure a person's personality: extraversion, openness to experience, conscientiousness, and emotional instability, and two dependent variables are financial risk tolerance and investment decision. The results of this study prove that Personality traits extraversion, Intellect, and conscientiousness positively affect the level of financial risk tolerance. While personality traits of agreeableness and emotional instability negatively and significantly affect investors' financial risk tolerance levels. This research also provides results that financial risk tolerance positively affects investment decisions. This research has contributed to developing investor behavior theory which has yet to be widely carried out in Indonesia. The research shows that the big five personality impacts an investor's financial risk tolerance. Finally, this will have an impact on the investment decisions that an investor will make

    Membrane and membrane-integrated processes for nanoplastics removal and remediation

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    The impact of nanoplastics on the environment and human health is a growing concern. Due to their small size and chemical properties, nanoplastics pose a higher risk than microplastics. Membrane filtration processes have been identified as effective for nanoplastic removal, but integration with other remediation techniques is necessary, except for membrane bioreactors. Membrane bioreactors show promise in handling nanoplastics due to their bioprocessing capability. This review critically evaluates current research on membrane processes and their integration for nanoplastic removal. It discusses the principles and challenges associated with these technologies. The study provides new strategies to expand the industrial-scale application of membrane processes for the treatment of nanoplastics. This review highlights the importance of addressing nanoplastic pollution and presents avenues for future research and implementation

    Psychology and Culture: The Construct of Psychological Capital of Collective Culture H.E.R.O (Hope, Efficacy, Resilience, Optimism) in The Kebo-Keboan Tradition of Using Tribe, Banyuwangi

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    The Using Tribe in Banyuwangi has many distinctive cultures that can attract tourists from foreign countries because their rituals are known to have magical nuances. One of the traditions is the Kebo-Keboan/Keboan ceremony which is especially preserved by the residents of Alasmalang and Aliyan Village. This study aims to explore the social psychological values contained in the Kebo-Keboan/Keboan tradition of the Using Tribe. Based on this conceptual exploratory study, the results show that the origins, the series of ceremonial processions, and efforts to preserve this tradition contain aspects of psychological capital in the context of collective society, known as H.E.R.O (Hope, group- Efficacy, Resilience, Optimism). The findings of this psychology and cultural study can contribute to ideas to enrich insights in the field of cultural psychology in the context of an agrarian-collective society, and can also increase appreciation of cultural diversity to strengthen social cohesiveness in a pluralistic Indonesian society

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