Durham e-Theses

    Towards a geographical information system for European economic community regional data

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    The study proposes the development of a geographical information system for European Economic Community (EEC) regional data. The features of geographical information systems and some related issues are discussed. An outline is given of likely user requirements and attempts by various European organisations to make provision for these. The practical work involves the application of three selected data analysis, manipulation and mapping packages, and operating system facilities to tasks which users of the data might wish to undertake. For this purpose, EEC "Level II" region boundaries were digitised, and selected socio-economic attributes for 1977 organised in disc files. Ten choropleth maps of the Level II regions (eight original variabels and two composite variables) are displayed. Although there is a lack of certain, more specialised features in the software system used, it is considered that there exists the imprtant basic requirements of data analysis, manipulation and mapping in package form, upon which to build the proposed geographical information system

    Can the law save saveable marriages?: lessons for the government in the wake of the family law act 1996

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    The Family Law Act 1996 (the FLA) received Royal Assent on 4th July 1996. The FLA was to introduce compulsory information meetings(^1) offer a meeting with a marriage counsellor(^2) (free if eligible for non-contributory legal aid) and extend legal aid (where entitled) to fund marriage counselling.(^3) A minimum 12-month period for reflection and consideration" would replace the current fault/consent based divorce procedure and before granting the divorce future arrangements needed to be finalised.(^5)The information meetings were extensively piloted and the Final Evaluation Report presented in September 2000. The Lord Chancellor's Department issued a Press Release on 16 January 2001 indicating the Government's intention to repeal Part II of the FLA, stressing the Government’s commitment to supporting marriage and families, especially those with children, but concluding that this and other research in the field, had shown that Part II of the FLA "is not the best way of achieving those aims.” In the light of this decision, this research will examine whether the Government's aim of saving what it terms "saveable marriages" is achievable through legislation. Having considered briefly the historical development of the "saving saveable marriages" rhetoric and the perceived failings in the current and proposed law, whether the Government ought to be Intervening in an otherwise quintessentially private arena will be examined. Arguing that a paternalistic approach is defensible given the economic and social costs to the community and the risks to the vulnerable, particularly children, when relationships fail, whether the aim is achievable within divorce legislation or by other legislative means will be addressed. Concluding that the degree of behavioural modification achievable through legislative change Is minimal, the research will consider what measures might achieve the Government's aim of saving "saveable marriages.

    Self-reflection as dialectic: How we can follow the Delphian calling to self-knowledge whilst avoiding Narcissus' fate

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    Self-reflection refers to our ability to think about ourselves and our lives and to ask and answer questions ranging from "Who am I?" to "Why did I do this?". It is thus considered a valuable means to gain self-knowledge. Structurally, reflection involves two elements, a reflecting and a reflected-on, in other words a subject and an object. In the case of self- reflection, subject and object are the same, the reflecting is the reflected-on. As subject and object are traditionally conceived of as radically opposed i.e. mutually exclusive, this situation has led to considering self-reflection problematic: If self-reflection is always reflection on an object, it is thought that self-reflection cannot yield insight into oneself qua subject and might even represent a danger to one’s subjectivity which is characteristic of lived life. Refuting the mutual exclusiveness of subject and object, self-reflection can be regained as a valuable means to gain self-knowledge. It is thereby going to be demonstrated that self-reflection has a dialectical structure. The nature of the self-knowledge yielded by self-reflection conceived of as dialectic is going to be explored. A final part shows how a dialectical account of self- reflection proves useful in clarifying the role which self-reflection plays in schizophrenia

    Interfacial properties of fibre reinforced thermo-plastics

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    The geography of rural settlement in the Durham region

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    The grammar school career

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    A study of late Babylonian planetary records

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    Observations of planets within the Late Babylonian Astronomical Texts record passages of the planets by reference stars, and synodic phenomena such as first visibilities, stations, etc. known "Greek-Letter phenomena". In addition to acting as useful shorthand, use of the Greek-Letter designations for these phenomena allows us to avoid the problem of the exact interpretation of these phenomena. For example, Huber has argued that Ω should probably be understood as the first date on which a planet was not seen, rather than the last day on which it was seen. These observations sometimes have a remark about the 'ideal' date when the phenomena was supposed to occur. This often appears with a measurement of the time from sunrise/set to the observed phenomena. The aim of this thesis is to study two aspects of Babylonian observational astronomy. One is the interpretation of Θ, one of the 'Greek letter' phenomenon, and proving through analysis of the texts that its precise meaning should be understood as acronycal rising as opposed to opposition. The other is to go some way towards finding the system for correcting an observation when a time measurement of the difference in the time between the planet and the sun rising or setting is recorded along with an 'ideal' or 'true' date

    The major themes and their presentation in the plays of Jean Giraudoux

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    First of all in this piece of research, the notion of 'Tragedy’ is discussed and Giraudoux’s conception of it is revealed. Rather than use the word 'Tragedy' it is better to say that his plays are 'Debates’. The major debate being that between Humanity and Destiny. Then the concept of the Supernatural is studied. Giraudoux demonstrates the impotence and apparent immorality of God and the Gods. There is, however, a strong feeling of an exterior force. Fate, which must not be disturbed, and which is symbolised by the sleeping tiger in La Guerre de Troie n'aura pas lieu. It becomes clear that this force stems from within man himself, and is revealed especially in his inner desire for war. Some characters become suddenly aware of the role which they must play, and they are known as the 'elect', and the moment when they become aware of this role is described by the verb ‘se declarer'. War is the next theme studied, and it is seen that the only hope for mankind in overcoming his warlike nature lies in the power of love, and in particular in the power of the 'couple'. What Giraudoux expects from the 'couple' is examined next, and what special type of woman is required to form this 'couple' is discovered by studying the female characters in each of the plays. The fifth chapter deals with the major symbol in Giraudoux’s work, Dawn. It is the symbol of his hope for the future of mankind. In the sixth chapter the principles upon which Giraudoux bases his theatre are examined, and this is followed by a study of the linguistic and theatrical devices which he employs in order to present his themes. The effect of his partnership with Louis Jouvet is also seen, and in conclusion the relationship of Giraudoux to the dramatists who have preceded him and succeeded him is considered
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