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    IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABILITY EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOL: A CASE STUDY IN CURRICULUM LEADERSHIP

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      Integrating education for sustainability in secondary schools is vital for creating a sustainable future, as it has a significant impact on students' attitudes, behaviours, and decision-making. A study by Stevenson et al. (2016) argues that sustainability education can foster students' environmental awareness and knowledge, as well as promote their willingness to engage in pro-environmental actions. It enhances critical thinking, problem-solving, and communication skills, all of which are essential for addressing complex sustainability challenges (Scott, 2018). However, implementing education for sustainability in secondary schools presents several challenges, such as a lack of teacher training, inadequate resources, and the pressure to prioritize standardized testing (Orr, 2018). This paper will explore the progress and challenges taken by a group of schools in Qatar to systematically develop education for sustainability standards (from the Cloud Institute) in all aspects of the written, taught and assessed curriculum in all schools. To support schools, the ADKAR change theory was used to help plan for and develop curriculum leadership with school leaders.&nbsp

    THE PERCEPTION AND THE ORIGINS OF THE U. S. SOUTH CHINA SEA POLICY DURING THE EVENTS HAPPENED IN THE REGION BEFORE THE COLDWAR

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    The South China Sea policy of the United States after World War II was formed by the United States’ perception of the three events in the South China Sea before the Cold War. After events such as France’s occupation of the nine small islands in the South China Sea, Japan’s occupation of the South China Sea, and the struggle against Japan during the Pacific War, the United States has continuously deepened its understanding of the South China Sea and increasingly valued its important value. With Japan's gradual retreat in the later stages of World War II, the United States gradually gained control of the South China Sea and took a dominant position in the South China Sea dispute. With the continuous deepening of the United States' understanding of the South China Sea and the changes in its identity, status, and interests in the South China Sea region, the U.S. South China Sea policy has gradually taken shape

    COPYRIGHT ISSUE IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPLICATIONS OF SMART PRODUCTION AND AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS

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    Background: In recent years, the use of artificial intelligence in the field of production and design has increased. As a result, in smart production and autonomous systems, the concepts of copyright and rights ownership on the works produced have become increasingly complex. In addition, there is no sufficient legal regulation regarding the rights of the software side of the system, the content providers and the commercial parties with whom they have agreements, in the productions made by autonomous systems through artificial intelligence software. In addition to the ownership of the work, the copyright of the elements in the content of the work and those who produce these elements also emerge as an important problem in productions made with artificial intelligence. Purpose of Study: In this study, it is aimed to examine the copyright issue in artificial intelligence applications of smart production and autonomous systems. Sources of Evidence: In the research, a literature review was conducted and semiotic analysis and content analysis were conducted based on academic studies. According to the results obtained, analyzes were made regarding the deficiencies in copyright and the main problems arising from field applications in smart production and autonomous systems made through artificial intelligence. Main Argument: The main argument of the research is that copyright is an important problem in both the short and long term in smart production and autonomous systems produced through artificial intelligence. Conclusions: Although DSM Directive 2019/790/EU, which was issued in 2016 and came into force in 2019, regulates digital copyrights, there are serious deficiencies regarding the ownership of the system or work and the legal regulations regarding smart productions and autonomous systems produced through artificial intelligence. While DSM Directive 2019/790/EU targets a uniform digital market, the copyright issue in artificial intelligence applications shows that this regulation is also inadequate. Regarding the AI Act, there is not yet sufficient regulation or implementation data regarding copyrights. The United States Copyright Office published in 2023 points out similar deficiencies in artificial intelligence and copyrights. Existing copyright regulations are insufficient today, especially for smart products produced by autonomous systems. One of the most important sources of the problem is that the work, its ownership, the types of work, and the commercial and moral values of the work are not fully defined. For a solution, comprehensive and advanced studies are needed regarding the copyrights of artificial intelligence

    RESOLVING A REALISTIC MIDDLE GROUND TOWARDS THE SUSTAINABILITY TRANSITION IN THE GLOBAL POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON GREEN CAPITALISM: Received: 27th July 2023; Revised: 27th October 2023, 06th November 2023; Accepted: 22nd November 2023

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    In 2019, a climatic wake-up call was made by the IPCC as the world’s temperature is projected to increase by 4-6°C. With the systematically ingrained capitalist imperatives in the political and economic landscape, the notion of “green capitalism” was introduced in the justification of limitless economic growth with less energy consumption than the world can sustainably produce (Schweickart, 2010). Prior research has identified heterogenous stances on green capitalism. However, sustainable transition research has neither clarified the realistic middle ground that it should pursue, nor has it determined whether a pro- or anti-capitalistic stance should be taken in the first place (Feola, 2020). Through a literature review, the analysis of heterogeneous stances on green capitalism based on its debate scopes reveals the need to exploit capitalist imperatives to a sustainably appropriate extent rather than forcing it to produce a midway standpoint of the “Net Zero” global consensus. The findings suggest the need for a potential reconceptualization of capitalism in the political and economic landscape as a tool of green revolution toward sustainable transition, providing a realistic middle ground

    A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF BENEFITS AND SACRIFICES FACTORS OF E-COMMERCE PAID MEMBERSHIP ON THE PERCEIVED VALUE AND INTENTION TO CONTINUE USING E-COMMERCE

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    In this study, we apply VAM to explore the benefits and sacrifice factors associated with paid membership in domestic e-commerce and investigate the impact on perceived value and users' intention to continue using e-commerce. Additionally, this study assesses whether the impact of these factors on perceived value varies by membership type. Perceived benefit factors for paid e-commerce members include differentiation, enjoyment, sharing, point benefit, discount benefit, content benefit, and delivery benefit. Perceived sacrifices include fee, complexity, and lost opportunity. In the case of Coupang Rocket Wow, discount benefit, delivery benefit, and opportunity loss have a significant impact on perceived value. In the case of Naver Plus membership, discount benefit, point benefit, and fee were found to have a significant impact on perceived value. The perceived value of Coupang Rocket Wow and Naver Plus membership has a positive effect on the intention to continue using Coupang and Naver. Additionally, it was found that there was a significant difference in the impact of opportunity loss on perceived value between Coupang Rocket Wow and Naver Plus Membership

    EXPERIENCES OF SOCIAL ISOLATION AMONG ELDERLY WITH DISABILITIES IN CHINA: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

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    Social isolation is considered to be an important indicator of public health, which is closely related to health outcomes such as readmission rate, co-morbidity, mortality, depression, cognitive decline and quality of life of disabled elderly people. However, not enough is known about the experiences of social isolation in older persons with disabilities.This qualitative study aimed to explore the experiences of social isolation in disabled older adults. Disabled people over 60 years old were purposively sampled to participate in a semi-structured interview steered by a topic guide to collect data. Interviews were audio recorded, and analysed using Colaizzi's seven-step analysis. Demographic and clinical data of the subjects were investigated by questionnaire before the semi- structured interview. Disabled elderly were recruited in Shamen Community Health Service Centre, Henan Province, China. One-on-one face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants in the central office. 12 disabled seniors participated in semi- structured interviews. Six themes were extracted from data. These themes were as follows: (1) Self-factors that produce social isolation;(2)Family factors that produce social isolation;(3)Environmental factors that produce social isolation;(4)The inner experience of social isolation;(5)Social support strategies to prevent social isolation;(6)Positive psychological adjustment to disability. The experiences of social isolation of disabled elderly people are influenced by many factors. Improving this situation requires helping them to understand the dangers of social isolation, improve self-efficacy, develop new attitudes of social connection, and build strong, supportive and sustainable social connections with other older adults

    DESIGNING A MODEL TO ENSURE QUALITY MANAGEMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR AUTONOMOUS INSTITUTIONS IN VIETNAM BASED ON THE IMPACT OF QUALITY ASSURANCE IN EDUCATION

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    Alongside internal quality assurance measures, external quality assessment serves as a mechanism to ensure the quality of education in Vietnam, proven to offer various opportunities (enrollment, research collaboration, technology transfer, etc.) as relevant parties become aware of and trust in the educational institution's quality. Consequently, the impact of educational quality assessment prompts systematic quality assurance activities within the university, yielding high results based on post-assessment expert recommendations. However, among the university activities in Vietnam, scientific and technological management has been identified as one of the few standards with a relatively low average score [1], [2]. Proposing a suitable research model to assess the influence of educational quality assessment on the scientific and technological management of autonomous universities in Vietnam will assist these institutions in identifying crucial elements of scientific and technological management. This will facilitate the implementation of more feasible activities to ensure the quality of these operations, contributing significantly to the overall educational quality of the institution

    REFINERY AND PETROCHEMICALS

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    The Refinery and Petrochemical industry in Nigeria plays a vital role in the country's economy. Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and has significant oil reserves. The industry involves the refining of crude oil into various petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel, as well as the production of petrochemicals used in manufacturing processes. The Nigerian government has been making efforts to revitalize and expand the country's refining and petrochemical capabilities. This includes the construction of new refineries and the rehabilitation of existing ones to increase production capacity and reduce the country's dependence on imported petroleum products. The industry also presents opportunities for job creation and economic growth. It provides employment for a significant number of people, both directly and indirectly, through various stages of the value chain. Additionally, the development of petrochemical facilities can attract investments and contribute to the growth of other industries in Nigeria. However, challenges such as inadequate infrastructure, security concerns, and regulatory issues need to be addressed to fully harness the potential of the Refinery and Petrochemical industry in Nigeria

    ANALYZING PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERNS THROUGH TEXT MINING AND SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS: A CASE STUDY OF COVID-19 PUBLIC OPINION ANALYSIS FROM ONLINE COMMUNITY FORUMS IN TAIWAN

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    In the past, many quantitative studies in public health relied on traditional descriptive statistical data and less on analyzing unstructured text data. However, in the era of close online communication, a huge amount of text information related to public health issues is generated in online communities every day. COVID-19 pandemic should be one of the most important public health events in Taiwan since 2020. Many people express their views and feelings on the epidemic issue in online forums. In this research, the aim is to apply text mining and social network analysis to analyze the sentiment and topics related to COVID-19 in PTT, the most popular online community forum of social media in Taiwan. We used topic modeling to extract COVID-19 related topics and keywords, as well as sentiment analysis to explore the attitudes and emotional tendencies of the online community towards various issues, and data visualization methods such as word clouds and network graphs to present the research results. Additionally, we plan to conduct cluster analysis on the authors and accounts of the articles to determine if there is a phenomenon of specific groups influencing the COVID-19 public opinion. The expected outcome of this research is to provide a reference for the implementation of public health policies and to promote the value of sentiment analysis in public health management. After conducting text mining analysis on the articles published in the COVID-19 forum of PTT in 2021, especially the period of Taiwan's COVID-19 escalation from June to August 2021. The overall discussion volume and sentiment can be roughly divided into three peaks. The first peak started to rise in mid-May and reached its peak in mid-June. The second peak occurred in mid-July, and the negative sentiment was significantly higher than the positive sentiment. The last peak occurred in late August and had the highest discussion volume among the three peaks. In each peak of sentiment, negative sentiment was mostly higher than positive sentiment. Our suggestion is to focus on the following research results that Public health managers can use daily text mining results by our way to assist in judging public reactions under current epidemic policies, and the positive and negative sentiment levels in sentiment analysis can reflect whether policies may lead to a crisis outbreak. Observing the subsequent changes in sentiment can avoid affecting the implementation effectiveness of the next policy or causing a more serious public opinion crisis. This research hopes to promote the value of sentiment analysis in public health management by visualizing the complex online forum opinions into easy-to-understand charts, which can serve as a reference for decision-makers in judging online public opinion

    WEBSITE FOR ONLINE OR BLENDED TEACHING OF GENETICS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS IN BIOLOGY STUDENTS

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    Genetics is the science that studies the transmission and variation of the hereditary information of organisms stored in DNA. Currently, Genetics encompasses a strategic set of knowledge and skills that biology professionals must have, in such a way that those who do not have this knowledge, techniques and even theories, run the risk of not entering a job position. Objective. This work presents a web page developed to facilitate the learning of Genetics knowledge. This project brings together participants who have carried out scientific and professional work, have taught genetics courses and know the problems of teaching and learning genetics. Results. The developed website (www.genetica.abaco2.org) incorporates: 1) Educational texts for the development of knowledge, skills and competencies on specific topics; 2) Multiple choice questionnaires for self-assessment; 3) Hardy-Weinberg simulator; and 4) Evaluation of the understanding of educational texts through the application of quick questionnaires. The texts are focused on undergraduate students of careers in the biological-medical area. The effect on learning of the contents of the website with the topic of genetic recombination was evaluated by comparing the learning in two groups of students: group A (133 students) with prior reading of the educational text and group B (119 students) without reading of the educational text. Through statistical analysis with the Z test it was found that group A had higher percentage (75.6% vs. 55.8%; P<0.01) of correct answers when answering a test of 10 questions. Conclusions: The designed website is a resource that teachers and students can benefit from by facilitating the teaching-learning process of Genetics

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