Insitutional Repository at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies

    West Germany\u27s Signature of the NPT and the Role of the United States, 1968-1969

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    1968年7月に署名が開放され、70年3月に発効した核不拡散条約(NPT)は、国際的な不拡散体制の重要な礎石であり続けてきた。NPTの締結後、その発効の鍵を握っていたのは、西ドイツであった。ソ連は西ドイツのNPT署名を自国の批准の条件としており、米国もソ連との同時批准を求めていたからである。しかし、NPTをめぐり国内が分裂していた西ドイツは、68年7月時点での署名を見送り、最終的に署名を決定したのは69年11月のことであった。本稿は、これまで十分注目されてこなかったNPT締結後の時期に、米国のジョンソン・ニクソン両政権が、西ドイツのNPT署名を得るためにいかなる外交政策を展開したのかを明らかにする。The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which was opened for signature in July 1968 and entered into force in March 1970, has been the core component of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime. The key to the entry into force was the West Germany’s signature of the NPT. The Soviet Union had been firmly resolved that the FRG’s signature was precondition for its ratification, and the United Stated had pursued the joint Soviet-U.S. ratification. However, West Germany refused to sign the treaty in July 1968, and it took a year before its final decision to join it. This paper examines the U.S. efforts to secure the West Germany’s signature of the NPT, particularly focusing on the last year of the Johnson administration and the first year of Nixon administration.本稿は、科研費(基盤研究 B)「NATOにおける核共有・核協議制度の成立と運用」(研究課題番号 25285053)の研究成果の一部である。This paper was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 25285053 (Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) : The Nuclear Sharing and Consultation Arrangement in NATO: Origins and Evolution)

    Linking Parliamentary Minutes and Videos in the Japanese Diet

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    This paper offers an overview of the video retrieval system we have developed for the Japanese Diet. With our video retrieval system one can directly retrieve the video feed segment of interest, gain a visual understanding of the flow of parliamentary debate, and check the facial expressions and body language of the speaker. In this paper, we demonstrate how one can retrieve video streaming on user terminals that do not support Japanese language input, and suggest a variety of ways in which our video retrieval system can be utilized. Also, we report a preliminary analysis on the correspondence between the official minutes and the results of speech recognition of recordings of parliamentary meetings. We believe that our system encourages research on the utilization of visual information in policy-making and marks a step toward the provision of universal access to policy information.This work is supported by JSPS Kakenhi Grant Number 15H05727 and the Diet Archives Project funded by the GRIPS Policy Research Center.An earlier version (Masuyama 2016b) was presented at the 2016 General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic, September 7-10, 2016.http://www.grips.ac.jp/list/jp/facultyinfo/masuyama_mikitaka

    Incentivising the Social Discounting Task: A laboratory experiment

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    Altruism is one of the single most important social preferences driving human behaviour. In Psychology experiments, the Social Discounting Task is employed as a measure of altruism. A conventional laboratory experiment was conducted with 117 undergraduate students, with students randomly assigned to complete an incentivized and un-incentivized Social Discounting Task. In accordance with the 1/d law of giving, the results exhibit the expected inverse relationship between social distance and altruism. There is weak evidence that incentivizing the Social Discounting Task impacts the measurement of altruism in a student population. More specifically, subjects are more altruistic when incentivized, possibly due to enforced reciprocity. At the same time, making payments real influence the identity of the target recipients: paying makes subjects more likely to choose people who are physically and psychologically close at high ranks, and more likely to report greater physical and psychological distance to subjects at lower ranks. Further research is required to verify the robustness of this result. The study also shows that among students family members are more altruistic toward each other as are those exhibiting greater intergenerational solidarity. Preferences for altruism in this student population is no different from WEIRD subject populations.JEL Classification Codes: C91, D64http://www.grips.ac.jp/list/jp/facultyinfo/munro_alistair

    女性のワークライフコンフリクト

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    政策分析プログラム / Policy Analysis Program政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies論文審査委員: Wie Dainn(主査), 田中 誠, Litschig Stephan, 恒川 惠市, Myonug-Jae Lee(Korea University

    「核の傘」の構築をめぐる歴史的分析 -同盟管理政策としての日米密約

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    政策プロフェッショナルプログラム / Policy Professionals Program政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies論文審査委員: 飯尾 潤(主査), 田中 孝彦(早稲田大学), 大山 達雄, 道下 徳

    中国の海洋進出がもたらしたもの -東アジアの海洋秩序に与えた影響-

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    安全保障・国際問題プログラム / Security and International Studies Program政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies論文審査委員: 白石 隆(主査), 道下 徳成, 高原 明生, 本名

    食品安全・安心問題の政策革新 -フードシステムの視点からの実証と検討-

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    政策プロフェッショナルプログラム / Policy Professionals Program政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies論文審査委員: 飯尾 潤(主査), 飯尾 潤, 大山 達雄(副査), 増山 幹高, 中嶋 康博(東京大学

    オウム真理教による大量破壊兵器テロ・犯罪の分析: その意図と能力について

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    安全保障・国際問題プログラム / Security and International Studies Program政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies論文審査委員: 白石 隆(主査), 道下 徳成, 大山 達雄, 青木 節子(慶應義塾大学

    立法補佐機関の制度と機能 -各国比較と日本の実証分析-

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    政策プロフェッショナルプログラム / Policy Professionals Program政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies論文審査委員: 飯尾 潤(主査), 増山 幹高, 大山 達雄, 待鳥 聡史(京都大学

    サブサハラアフリカの天水田地帯へのアジア型緑の革命の移転可能性について: ガーナ北部での技術普及プログラムの評価

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    政策分析プログラム / Policy Analysis Program政策研究大学院大学 / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies論文審査委員: 大塚 啓二郎(主査), 鈴木 綾(東京大学), 櫻井 武司(一橋大学), 大山 達雄, 加治 佐敬(IRRI
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