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Hydrodynamic Analysis of Binary Immiscible Metallurgical Flow in a Novel Mixing Process: Rheomixing

Abstract

This paper presents a hydrodynamic analysis of binary immiscible metallurgical flow by a numerical simulation of the rheomixing process. The concept of multi-controll is proposed for classifying complex processes and identifying individual processes in an immiscible alloy system in order to perform simulations. A brief review of fabrication methods for immiscible alloys is given, and fluid flow aspects of a novel fabrication method – rheomixing by twin-screw extruder (TSE) are analysed. Fundamental hydrodynamic micro-mechanisms in a TSE are simulated by a piecewise linear (PLIC) volume-of-fluid (VOF) method coupled with the continuum surface force (CFS) algorithm. This revealed that continuous reorientation in the TSE process could produce fine droplets and the best mixing efficiency. It is verified that TSE is a better mixing device than single screw extruder (SSE) and can achieve finer droplets. Numerical results show good qualitative agreement with experimental results. It is concluded that rheomixing by a TSE can be successfully employed for casting immiscible engineering alloys due to its unique characteristics of reorientation and surface renewal

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