279 research outputs found

    Linking pay level to interactional justice as a determinant of personal outcomes

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    Human resource development literature highlights that pay level is a crucial compensation design issue. The ability of the management to properly design the level of pay according to external and internal organisational factors may have a signifi cant impact on personal outcomes, i.e. job satisfaction, job commitment,and job performance. More importantly, a thorough review of such relationships revealed that effect of pay level on personal outcomes is indirectly affected by feelings of interactional justice. Although the nature of this relationship is interesting, little is known about the influence of interactional justice in compensation programme models. Therefore, this study was conducted to measure the mediating effect of interactional justice in the relationship between pay level and personal outcomes. A survey research method was used to gather 917 usable questionnaires from employees who have worked in Malaysian institutions of higher learning. The outcomes of stepwise regression analysis showed three important findings: firstly, the relationship between interactional justice and pay level would increase job satisfaction. Secondly, the relationship between interactional justice and pay level would increase job commitment.Third, relationship between interactional justice and pay level would increase job performance. This result confirmed that interactional justice does act as a full mediating variable in the pay system model of the organisation sample. In addition, the implications of this study on compensation theory and practice,conceptual and methodological limitations, and directions for future research are discussed

    Shari’ah issues in gold trading and gold related scam schemes

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    Gold trading is very common and prestigious in most of the societies.Recently, many packages or schemes that are related to gold haveappeared and developed in Malaysia, but they are subjected toquestions and disputes, as most of them are not free from riba. Ribahas been discussed extensively by Muslim scholars in thecontemporary issues of Islamic Banking and Finance area. Althoughsome types of riba are not explained clearly in the Quran, there areenormous compilations of hadith that detail out the occurrence ofriba in the trading of the ribawi items, including gold. This paperwill discuss the issues of riba, which arise from gold trading as wellas gold related scam schemes. The research method used in thispaper is by explaining how riba takes place in gold trading withdeferment (riba al-nasi’ah), arguments to allow the deferment andrefutations and some models of gold scam schemes. The majoroutcomes of the paper is to expose to the public the permissible wayof gold trading, tricks used by gold scammers, the models of theprogram, riba issue and other related Shari’ah issue

    Punishment for rape in Islamic law.

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    In Islam, rape is considered to be a serious sexual crime. Since it consists of forcible sexual intercourse, most of the classical jurists called it zina bi al-ikrah, that is, forcible unlawful sexual intercourse. The questionarises as to whether rape is part of zina or an isolated crime. This paper focuses on the notion of rape, including a definition of this crime, its punishments and a comparison between rape and zina in Islamic jurisprudenc

    Rape in Islamic Law: problems of classification and adjudication

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    This research investigates rape as a crime according to Islamic criminal law. There have been many controversial issues pertaining to the notion of rape, its penal classification, punishment, adjudication and remedies for the victim. Rape in classical Islamic law has been seen as a crime correlated with zina and as such to be treated in the same way as zina in terms of collecting evidence for prosecution, as well as the punishment for it. However, some modern scholars have suggested that rape is actually closer to hiraba on the basis that there are concepts of hiraba, such as physical assault, in rape. These different classifications of rape result it different procedures for prosecution, proof and punishment. This research examines the appropriate punishment for the rape as well as modern developments regarding the prosecution of rape, legal procedures, the rights of the accused and the rights of the victim, based on the opinions and arguments of classical and modern Muslim jurisprudents from various schools of la

    A review of commodity murabahah transaction as offered by Bursa Malaysia: a critical analysis from fiqh perspective

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    Commodity Murābahah is an example of product innovation in Islamic banking and finance, which is based on Murābahah and Tawarruq transactions. Both traditional and the contemporary Islamic jurists hold different opinions on its legality in the light of Fiqh. This study is aimed at understanding of Commodity Murābahah trading especially the current practical operations and describing preferred structures of Commodities Murābahah as offered by Bursa Malaysia to overcome the highlighted controversies of Sharī'ah issues. This paper will illustrate in detail the transactional flow of Bursa Sūq Al-Sila' as operated by Bursa Malaysia and will shed light on related Sharīah issues for improvement

    Takaful (Islamic insurance) benefit: ownership and distribution issues in Malaysia

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    This paper aims at investigating the ownership of the Takaful benefit and the issues of hibah in nomination. The focus is made solely on the Family takāful because this type of policy is singularly related to death. In this regard, the question is raised as whether the money paid by the takāful operator on the death of the participant (death benefit) before the policy matures constitutes the participant’s estate or not, and secondly over the validity of making a conditional hibah of that takaful policy to a nominee as a sole beneficiar

    The rights of a rape victim in Islamic Law

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    Rape victims undergo double jeopardy as they experience unwanted aggression against their freewill which make them suffer physically and mentally, and at the same time they have to fight to be treated fairly and respectfully within the legal environment. There has been a controversial issue regarding rape prosecution in Islamic legal system as the rape victim would be either charged with zina (illegal sexual intercourse) because of her confession or qadhf (false accusation) as a result of her failure to bring four male eyewitnesses. This paper aims at investigating the fundamental rights of rape victims provided in Islamic law. This will include legal rights to be defended fairly, exemption of punishment, adequate compensation, and other essential rights. This study will explore opinions and arguments of classical Muslim jurisprudents from various schools of law

    A review of Islamic credit card models in Malaysia

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    Islamic credit card or better known as Credit Card-i is one of the alternative banking products introduced by Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia to substitute the conventional credit card. This paper aims at reviewing the structures and instruments applied by Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia from Shariah Compliance perspectives. The instruments include tawarruk, inah, and ujrah. The method used is descriptive and positive analytical criticism which aims at improving the existing structure
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