3,644 research outputs found

    Measurement of the low-energy antitriton inelastic cross section

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    Production of K S 0 KS0 {\textrm{K}}_{\textrm{S}}^0 , Λ ( Λ ¯ Λ \overline{\Lambda} ), Ξ ± , and Ω ± in jets and in the underlying event in pp and p–Pb collisions

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    Abstract The production of strange hadrons ( K S 0 KS0 {\textrm{K}}_{\textrm{S}}^0 , Λ, Ξ ± , and Ω ± ), baryon-to-meson ratios (Λ/ K S 0 KS0 {\textrm{K}}_{\textrm{S}}^0 , Ξ/ K S 0 KS0 {\textrm{K}}_{\textrm{S}}^0 , and Ω/ K S 0 KS0 {\textrm{K}}_{\textrm{S}}^0 ), and baryon-to-baryon ratios (Ξ/Λ, Ω/Λ, and Ω/Ξ) associated with jets and the underlying event were measured as a function of transverse momentum (p T) in pp collisions at s s \sqrt{s} = 13 TeV and p Pb collisions at s NN sNN \sqrt{s_{\textrm{NN}}} = 5.02 TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The inclusive production of the same particle species and the corresponding ratios are also reported. The production of multi-strange hadrons, Ξ ± and Ω ± , and their associated particle ratios in jets and in the underlying event are measured for the first time. In both pp and p–Pb collisions, the baryon-to-meson and baryon-to-baryon yield ratios measured in jets differ from the inclusive particle production for low and intermediate hadron p T (0.6–6 GeV/c). Ratios measured in the underlying event are in turn similar to those measured for inclusive particle production. In pp collisions, the particle production in jets is compared with Pythia 8 predictions with three colour-reconnection implementation modes. None of them fully reproduces the data in the measured hadron p T region. The maximum deviation is observed for Ξ ± and Ω ± which reaches a factor of about six. The event multiplicity dependence is further investigated in p−Pb collisions. In contrast to what is observed in the underlying event, there is no significant event-multiplicity dependence for particle production in jets. The presented measurements provide novel constraints on hadronisation and its Monte Carlo description. In particular, they demonstrate that the fragmentation of jets alone is insufficient to describe the strange and multi-strange particle production in hadronic collisions at LHC energies

    Measurement of the production of (anti)nuclei in p–Pb collisions at sNN=8.16TeV

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    Measurements of (anti)proton, (anti)deuteron, and (anti)3He production in the rapidity range −1<y<0 as a function of the transverse momentum and event multiplicity in p–Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon–nucleon pair sNN=8.16TeV are presented. The coalescence parameters B2 and B3, measured as a function of the transverse momentum per nucleon and of the mean charged-particle multiplicity density, confirm a smooth evolution from low to high multiplicity across different collision systems and energies. The ratios between (anti)deuteron and (anti)3He yields and those of (anti)protons are also reported as a function of the mean charged-particle multiplicity density. A comparison with the predictions of the statistical hadronization and coalescence models for different collision systems and center-of-mass energies favors the coalescence description for the deuteron-to-proton yield ratio with respect to the canonical statistical model

    Anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations of identified hadrons in Pb–Pb collisions at √sNN = 5.02 TeV