45,892 research outputs found

    Studies of Higher Twist and Higher Order Effects in NLO and NNLO QCD Analysis of Lepton-Nucleon Scattering Data on F_2 and R =sigma_L/sigma_T

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    We report on the extraction of the higher twist contributions to F_2 and R = sigma_L/sigma_T from the global NLO and NNLO QCD fits to lepton nucleon scattering data over a wide range of Q^2. The NLO fits require both target mass and higher twist contributions at low Q^2. However, in the NNLO analysis, the data are described by the NNLO QCD predictions (with target mass corrections) without the need for any significant contributions from higher twist effects. An estimate of the difference between NLO and NNLO parton distribution functions is obtained.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures, submitted to Eur. Phys.

    Modeling Neutrino and Electron Scattering Cross Sections in the Few GeV Region with Effective LOPDFsLO PDFs

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    We use new scaling variables xwx_w and Îľw\xi_w, and add low Q2Q^2 modifications to GRV94 and GRV98 leading order parton distribution functions such that they can be used to model electron, muon and neutrino inelastic scattering cross sections (and also photoproduction) at both very low and high energie.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, Invited talk given by Arie Bodek at the X Mexican School of Particles and Fields, Playa del Carmen, Mexico, 200

    The role of triplet excitons in enhancing polymer solar cell efficiency: a photo-induced absorption study

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    Inclusion of heavy metal atoms in a polymer backbone allows transitions between the singlet and triplet manifolds. Interfacial dissociation of triplet excitons constitutes a viable mechanism for enhancing photovoltaic (PV) efficiencies in polymer heterojunction-based solar cells. The PV efficiency from polymer solar cells utilizing a ladder-type poly (para-phenylene) polymer (PhLPPP) with trace quantity of Pd atoms and a fullerene derivative (PCBM) is much higher than its counterpart (MeLPPP) with no Pd atom. Evidence is presented for the formation of a weak ground-state charge-transfer complex (CTC) in the blended films of the polymer and PCBM, using photo-induced absorption (PIA) spectroscopy. The CTC state in MeLPPP:PCBM has a singlet character to it, resulting in a radiative recombination. In contrast, the CTC states in PhLPPP:PCBM are more localized with a triplet character. An absorption peak at 1.65 eV is observed in PhLPPP:PCBM blend in the PIA, which may be converted to weakly-bound polaron-pairs, contributing to the enhancement of PV efficiency.Comment: 19 pages, 11 figure

    Renormalizability of the nuclear many-body problem with the Skyrme interaction beyond mean field

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    Phenomenological effective interactions like Skyrme forces are currently used in mean--field calculations in nuclear physics. Mean--field models have strong analogies with the first order of the perturbative many--body problem and the currently used effective interactions are adjusted at the mean--field level. In this work, we analyze the renormalizability of the nuclear many--body problem in the case where the effective Skyrme interaction is employed in its standard form and the perturbative problem is solved up to second order. We focus on symmetric nuclear matter and its equation of state, which can be calculated analytically at this order. It is shown that only by applying specific density dependence and constraints to the interaction parameters could renormalizability be guaranteed in principle. This indicates that the standard Skyrme interaction does not in general lead to a renormalizable theory. For achieving renormalizability, other terms should be added to the interaction and employed perturbatively only at first order.Comment: Revised versio

    Spatial Distribution of Metal Emissions in SNR 3C 397 Viewed with Chandra and XMM

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    We present X-ray equivalent width imaging of the supernova remnant (SNR) 3C 397 for Mg He\alpha, Si He\alpha, S He\alpha, and Fe K\alpha complex lines with the Chandra and XMM-Newton observations. The images reveal that the heavier the element is, the smaller the extent of the element distribution is. The Mg emission is evidently enhanced in the southeastern blow-out region, well along the radio boundary there, and appears to partially envelope the eastern Fe knot. Two bilateral hat-like Si line-emitting structures are along the northern and southern borders, roughly symmetric with respect to the southeast-northwest elongation axis. An S line-emitting shell is located just inner to the northern radio and IR shell, indicating of a layer of reversely shocked sulphur in the ejecta. A few enhanced Fe features are basically aligned along the diagonal of the rectangular shape of the SNR, which implicates an early asymmetric SN explosion.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, appears in Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, 2010, 53 (Suppl.1), 267-27
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