21 research outputs found

    Quasiparticle Levels at Large Interface Systems from Many-body Perturbation Theory: the XAF-GW method

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    We present a fully ab initio approach based on many-body perturbation theory in the GW approximation, to compute the quasiparticle levels of large interface systems without significant covalent interactions between the different components of the interface. The only assumption in our approach is that the polarizability matrix (chi) of the interface can be given by the sum of the polarizability matrices of individual components of the interface. We show analytically, using a two-state hybridized model, that this assumption is valid even in the presence of interface hybridization to form bonding and anti-bonding states, up to first order in the overlap matrix elements involved in the hybridization. We validate our approach by showing that the band structure obtained in our method is almost identical to that obtained using a regular GW calculation for bilayer black phosphorus, where interlayer hybridization is significant. Significant savings in computational time and memory are obtained by computing chi only for the smallest sub-unit cell of each component, and expanding (unfolding) the chi matrix to that in the unit cell of the interface. To treat interface hybridization, the full wavefunctions of the interface are used in computing the self-energy. We thus call the method XAF-GW (X: eXpand-chi, A: Add-chi, F: Full wavefunctions). Compared to GW-embedding type approaches in the literature, the XAF-GW approach is not limited to specific screening environments or to non-hybridized interface systems. XAF-GW can also be applied to systems with different dimensionalities, as well as to Moire superlattices such as in twisted bilayers. We illustrate the generality and usefulness of our approach by applying it to self-assembled PTCDA monolayers on Au(111) and Ag(111), and PTCDA monolayers on graphite-supported monolayer WSe2, where good agreement with experiment is obtained.Comment: More detailed proof of Add-Chi for hybridized states added in this versio

    Dielectric Screening by 2D Substrates

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    Two-dimensional (2D) materials are increasingly being used as active components in nanoscale devices. Many interesting properties of 2D materials stem from the reduced and highly non-local electronic screening in two dimensions. While electronic screening within 2D materials has been studied extensively, the question still remains of how 2D substrates screen charge perturbations or electronic excitations adjacent to them. Thickness-dependent dielectric screening properties have recently been studied using electrostatic force microscopy (EFM) experiments. However, it was suggested that some of the thickness-dependent trends were due to extrinsic effects. Similarly, Kelvin probe measurements (KPM) indicate that charge fluctuations are reduced when BN slabs are placed on SiO2_2, but it is unclear if this effect is due to intrinsic screening from BN. In this work, we use first principles calculations to study the fully non-local dielectric screening properties of 2D material substrates. Our simulations give results in good qualitative agreement with those from EFM experiments, for hexagonal boron nitride (BN), graphene and MoS2_2, indicating that the experimentally observed thickness-dependent screening effects are intrinsic to the 2D materials. We further investigate explicitly the role of BN in lowering charge potential fluctuations arising from charge impurities on an underlying SiO2_2 substrate, as observed in the KPM experiments. 2D material substrates can also dramatically change the HOMO-LUMO gaps of adsorbates, especially for small molecules, such as benzene. We propose a reliable and very quick method to predict the HOMO-LUMO gap of small physisorbed molecules on 2D and 3D substrates, using only the band gap of the substrate and the gas phase gap of the molecule.Comment: 24 pages, 5 figures, Supplementary Informatio

    Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy demonstrates acceptable outcomes regarding complications compared to open surgery for gastric cancer patients with pylorus outlet obstruction

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    BackgroundFor gastric cancer (GC) patients with pylorus outlet obstruction (POO), whether laparoscopic surgery has advantages over open surgery remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the differences between patients with and without POO in open and laparoscopic groups and to determine the differences between laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) and open distal gastrectomy (ODG) in GC patients with POO.MethodsA total of 241 GC patients with POO who underwent distal gastrectomy at the Department of Gastric Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between 2016 and 2021 were included in this study. A total of 1,121 non-POO patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery and 948 non-POO patients who underwent open surgery from 2016 to 2021 were also enrolled in the study. We compared complication rates and hospital stays between open and laparoscopic groups.ResultsThere was no significant difference for LDG between GC patients with and without POO regarding the overall complication rates (P = 0.063), the Grade III–V complication rate (P = 0.673), and the anastomotic complication rate (P = 0.497) from 2016 to 2021. The patients with POO had longer preoperative hospital stay (P = 0.001) and postoperative hospital stay (P=0.007) compared to patients without POO. No significant difference was observed for open patients between POO and non-POO patients regarding the overall complication rate (P = 0.357), grade III–V complication rate (P = 1.000), and anastomosis-related complication rate (P = 0.766). Compared with open surgery in GC patients with POO (n = 111), the total complication rate of the LDG group was 16.2%, which was significantly lower than that of the open group (26.1%, P = 0.041). No significant differences in the Grade III–V complication rate (P = 0.574) and anastomotic complication rate (P = 0.587) were observed between laparoscopic and open groups. Patients receiving laparoscopic surgery had shorter postoperative hospital stay than open surgery (P = 0.001). More resected lymph nodes (LNs) were also observed in the laparoscopic group (P = 0.0145).ConclusionThe comorbidity of GC with POO does not increase the complication rate after laparoscopic or open distal gastrectomy. In GC patients with POO, laparoscopic surgery shows advantages over open surgery with a lower overall complication rate, shorter postoperative hospital stay, and more harvested lymph nodes. Laparoscopic surgery is a safe, feasible, and effective treatment for GC with POO

    Theoretical studies of the electromagnetic response of metal nanoparticles

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    My PhD project aims at developing a set of theoretical models to explain the electromagnetic response of metal nanoparticles, ranging from sub-nanometer to hundreds of nanometers and bulk. Simple metals such as sodium and lithium serve to define the zeroth order approximation. The next step will be to consider particular role of d-electrons in noble metal and how it can be modeled while keeping the optical response driven fully by delocalized valence electrons. We introduce a modified Random Phase Approximation with exact Exchange. The jellium background of Ag cores is treated as a polarizable sphere, which screens the dipole component of the electron-electron interaction. Our model gives the blue shift as cluster size decreases for cationic Ag clusters which agrees well with experimental data. For clusters embedded in rare-gas matrix, we propose a similar polarization screening model. The dipole surface resonance peak is shifted to lower energy significantly.Doctor of Philosophy (IGS

    Medium-induced change of the optical response of metal clusters in rare-gas matrices

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    10.1103/PhysRevA.96.043404PHYSICAL REVIEW A96

    Medium-induced change of the optical response of metal clusters in rare-gas matrices

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    Interaction with the surrounding medium modifies the optical response of embedded metal clusters. For clusters from about ten to a few hundreds of silver atoms, embedded in rare-gas matrices, we study the environment effect within the matrix random phase approximation with exact exchange (RPAE) quantum approach, which has proved successful for free silver clusters. The polarizable surrounding medium screens the residual two-body RPAE interaction, adds a polarization term to the one-body potential, and shifts the vacuum energy of the active delocalized valence electrons. Within this model, we calculate the dipole oscillator strength distribution for Ag clusters embedded in helium droplets, neon, argon, krypton, and xenon matrices. The main contribution to the dipole surface plasmon red shift originates from the rare-gas polarization screening of the two-body interaction. The large size limit of the dipole surface plasmon agrees well with the classical prediction.Published versio

    Core-polarization-corrected random-phase approximation with exact exchange for dipole surface plasmons in silver clusters

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    10.1103/PhysRevA.94.043415PHYSICAL REVIEW A94

    Valley Zeeman effect and Landau levels in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides

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    10.1103/physrevresearch.2.033256Physical Review Research23033256

    Valley-filling instability and critical magnetic field for interaction-enhanced Zeeman response in doped WSe2 monolayers

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    10.1038/s41524-021-00665-8NPJ COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS7

    Valley-filling instability and critical magnetic field for interaction-enhanced Zeeman response in doped WSe2 monolayers (vol 7, 198, 2021)

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    10.1038/s41524-021-00690-7NPJ COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS8
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