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Quasiparticle Levels at Large Interface Systems from Many-body Perturbation Theory: the XAF-GW method

Abstract

We present a fully ab initio approach based on many-body perturbation theory in the GW approximation, to compute the quasiparticle levels of large interface systems without significant covalent interactions between the different components of the interface. The only assumption in our approach is that the polarizability matrix (chi) of the interface can be given by the sum of the polarizability matrices of individual components of the interface. We show analytically, using a two-state hybridized model, that this assumption is valid even in the presence of interface hybridization to form bonding and anti-bonding states, up to first order in the overlap matrix elements involved in the hybridization. We validate our approach by showing that the band structure obtained in our method is almost identical to that obtained using a regular GW calculation for bilayer black phosphorus, where interlayer hybridization is significant. Significant savings in computational time and memory are obtained by computing chi only for the smallest sub-unit cell of each component, and expanding (unfolding) the chi matrix to that in the unit cell of the interface. To treat interface hybridization, the full wavefunctions of the interface are used in computing the self-energy. We thus call the method XAF-GW (X: eXpand-chi, A: Add-chi, F: Full wavefunctions). Compared to GW-embedding type approaches in the literature, the XAF-GW approach is not limited to specific screening environments or to non-hybridized interface systems. XAF-GW can also be applied to systems with different dimensionalities, as well as to Moire superlattices such as in twisted bilayers. We illustrate the generality and usefulness of our approach by applying it to self-assembled PTCDA monolayers on Au(111) and Ag(111), and PTCDA monolayers on graphite-supported monolayer WSe2, where good agreement with experiment is obtained.Comment: More detailed proof of Add-Chi for hybridized states added in this versio

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