222 research outputs found

    Co-Attention Hierarchical Network: Generating Coherent Long Distractors for Reading Comprehension

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    In reading comprehension, generating sentence-level distractors is a significant task, which requires a deep understanding of the article and question. The traditional entity-centered methods can only generate word-level or phrase-level distractors. Although recently proposed neural-based methods like sequence-to-sequence (Seq2Seq) model show great potential in generating creative text, the previous neural methods for distractor generation ignore two important aspects. First, they didn't model the interactions between the article and question, making the generated distractors tend to be too general or not relevant to question context. Second, they didn't emphasize the relationship between the distractor and article, making the generated distractors not semantically relevant to the article and thus fail to form a set of meaningful options. To solve the first problem, we propose a co-attention enhanced hierarchical architecture to better capture the interactions between the article and question, thus guide the decoder to generate more coherent distractors. To alleviate the second problem, we add an additional semantic similarity loss to push the generated distractors more relevant to the article. Experimental results show that our model outperforms several strong baselines on automatic metrics, achieving state-of-the-art performance. Further human evaluation indicates that our generated distractors are more coherent and more educative compared with those distractors generated by baselines.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures. Accepted by AAAI202

    A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON SOFTWARE PIRACY BETWEEN CHINA AND AMERICA

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    Software piracy in China has been a serious problem for decades. This paper builds on an existing software piracy model and adds a cultural dimension. We aim to study the differences between the U.S. and Chinese college students on their attitude toward software piracy, perceived punishment, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and piracy intention. Through the data analysis, we aim to find the key factors that influence the piracy intent, to identify the differences between the Chinese and Americans, and to provide insights to fight piracy in China

    Optimatization of sample points for monitoring arable land quality by simulated annealing while considering spatial variations

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    This presentation was given as part of the GIS Day@KU symposium on November 16, 2016. For more information about GIS Day@KU activities, please see http://gis.ku.edu/gisday/2016/.Arable land is the basis of food production, the most valuable input in agricultural production, and an important factor in sustainable agricultural development and national food security. In China, the reduction and degradation of arable land due to industrialization and urbanization has gradually emerged as one of the most prominen challenges. In this context, the long-term dynamic monitoring of arable land quality becomes important for protecting arable land resources. However, little consideration has been given to optimizing sample points number and layout in previous monitoring studies on arable land quality. When considering the optimization of sample points, various strategies are needed, depending on the indicators. In addition, the distributio of soil properties displays spatial variations. However, existing sampling studies have paid little attention to spatial variations during scenarios with multiple indicators.Therefore, it is necessary to further investigate how to improve the efficiency and accuracy of arable land quality monitoring and evaluation by optimizing the number and layout of sample points when there are spatial variations in multiple indicators.Platinum Sponsors: KU Department of Geography and Atmospheric Science. Gold Sponsors: Enertech, KU Environmental Studies Program, KU Libraries. Silver Sponsors: Douglas County, Kansas, KansasView, State of Kansas Data Access & Support Center (DASC) and the KU Center for Global and International Studies

    Hybrid multi-strategy chaos somersault foraging chimp optimization algorithm research

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    To address the problems of slow convergence speed and low accuracy of the chimp optimization algorithm (ChOA), and to prevent falling into the local optimum, a chaos somersault foraging ChOA (CSFChOA) is proposed. First, the cat chaotic sequence is introduced to generate the initial solutions, and then opposition-based learning is used to select better solutions to form the initial population, which can ensure the diversity of the algorithm at the beginning and improve the convergence speed and optimum searching accuracy. Considering that the algorithm is likely to fall into local optimum in the final stage, by taking the optimal solution as the pivot, chimps with better adaptation at the mirror image position replace chimps from the original population using the somersault foraging strategy, which can increase the population diversity and expand the search scope. The optimization search tests were performed on 23 standard test functions and CEC2019 test functions, and the Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for statistical analysis. The CSFChOA was compared with the ChOA and other improved intelligent optimization algorithms. The experimental results show that the CSFChOA outperforms most of the other algorithms in terms of mean and standard deviation, which indicates that the CSFChOA performs well in terms of the convergence accuracy, convergence speed and robustness of global optimization in both low-dimensional and high-dimensional experiments. Finally, through the test and analysis comparison of two complex engineering design problems, the CSFChOA was shown to outperform other algorithms in terms of optimal cost. For the design of the speed reducer, the performance of the CSFChOA is 100% better than other algorithms in terms of optimal cost; and, for the design of a three-bar truss, the performance of the CSFChOA is 6.77% better than other algorithms in terms of optimal cost, which verifies the feasibility, applicability and superiority of the CSFChOA in practical engineering problems
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