127,218 research outputs found

    Spectral Line Width Broadening from Pair Fluctuation in a Frozen Rydberg Gas

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    Spectral line width broadening in Rydberg gases, a phenomenon previously attributed to the many-body effect, was observed experimentally almost a decade ago. The observed line width was typically 80-100 times larger than the average interaction strength predicted from a binary interaction. The interpretation of such a phenomenon is usually based on the so-called diffusion model, where the line width broadening mostly originates from the diffusion of excitations. In this paper, we present a model calculation to show that diffusion is not the main mechanism to the line width broadening. We find that the rare pair fluctuation at small separation is the dominant factor contributing to this broadening. Our results give a width of about 20-30 times larger than the average interaction strength. More importantly, by turning off the diffusion process, we do not observe order of magnitude change in the spectral line width

    Unchanged thermopower enhancement at the semiconductor-metal transition in correlated FeSb2x_{2-x}Tex_x

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    Substitution of Sb in FeSb2_2 by less than 0.5% of Te induces a transition from a correlated semiconductor to an unconventional metal with large effective charge carrier mass mm^*. Spanning the entire range of the semiconductor-metal crossover, we observed an almost constant enhancement of the measured thermopower compared to that estimated by the classical theory of electron diffusion. Using the latter for a quantitative description one has to employ an enhancement factor of 10-30. Our observations point to the importance of electron-electron correlations in the thermal transport of FeSb2_2, and suggest a route to design thermoelectric materials for cryogenic applications.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in Appl. Phys. Lett. (2011

    Challenge on the Astrophysical R-process Calculation with Nuclear Mass Models

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    Our understanding of the rapid neutron capture nucleosynthesis process in universe depends on the reliability of nuclear mass predictions. Initiated by the newly developed mass table in the relativistic mean field theory (RMF), in this paper the influence of mass models on the rr-process calculations is investigated assuming the same astrophysical conditions. The different model predictions on the so far unreachable nuclei lead to significant deviations in the calculated r-process abundances.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure

    Observing collapse in two colliding dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates

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    We study the collision of two Bose-Einstein condensates with pure dipolar interaction. A stationary pure dipolar condensate is known to be stable when the atom number is below a critical value. However, collapse can occur during the collision between two condensates due to local density fluctuations even if the total atom number is only a fraction of the critical value. Using full three-dimensional numerical simulations, we observe the collapse induced by local density fluctuations. For the purpose of future experiments, we present the time dependence of the density distribution, energy per particle and the maximal density of the condensate. We also discuss the collapse time as a function of the relative phase between the two condensates.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figure

    Dynamics of a two-species Bose-Einstein condensate in a double well

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    We study the dynamics of a two-species Bose-Einstein condensate in a double well. Such a system is characterized by the intraspecies and interspecies s-wave scattering as well as the Josephson tunneling between the two wells and the population transfer between the two species. We investigate the dynamics for some interesting regimes and present numerical results to support our conclusions. In the case of vanishing intraspecies scattering lengths and a weak interspecies scattering length, we find collapses and revivals in the population dynamics. A possible experimental implementation of our proposal is briefly discussed.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure