816 research outputs found

    Experimental moments of the nucleon structure function F2

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    Experimental data on the F2 structure functions of the proton and deuteron, including recent results from CLAS at Jefferson Lab, have been used to construct their n<=12 moments. A comprehensive analysis of the moments in terms of the operator product expansion has been performed to separate the moments into leading and higher twist contributions. Particular attention was paid to the issue of nuclear corrections in the deuteron, when extracting the neutron moments from data. The difference between the proton and neutron moments was compared directly with lattice QCD simulations. Combining leading twist moments of the neutron and proton we found the d/u ratio at x->1 approaching 0, although the precision of the data did not allow to exclude the 1/5 value. The higher twist components of the proton and neutron moments suggest that multi-parton correlations are isospin independent.Comment: Proceedings of 13th International QCD Conference (QCD 06), Montpellier, France, July 3-7th 200

    Proton and neutron polarized structure functions from low to high Q**2

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    Phenomenological parameterizations of proton and neutron polarized structure functions, g1p and g1n, are developed for x > 0.02 using deep inelastic data up to ~ 50 (GeV/c)**2 as well as available experimental results on photo- and electro-production of nucleon resonances. The generalized Drell-Hearn-Gerasimov sum rules are predicted from low to high values of Q**2 and compared with proton and neutron data. Furthermore, the main results of the power correction analysis carried out on the Q**2-behavior of the polarized proton Nachtmann moments, evaluated using our parameterization of g1p, are briefly summarized.Comment: Proceedings of the II International Symposium on the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule and the spin structure of the nucleon, Genova (Italy), July 3-6, 200

    Neutron structure function moments at leading twist

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    The experimental data on F2 structure functions of the proton and deuteron were used to construct their moments. In particular, recent measurements performed with CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab allowed to extend our knowledge of structure functions in the large-x region. The phenomenological analysis of these experimental moments in terms of the Operator Product Expansion permitted to separate the leading and higher twist contributions. Applying nuclear corrections to extracted deuteron moments we obtained the contribution of the neutron. Combining leading twist moments of the neutron and proton we found d/u ratio at x->1 approaching 0, although 1/5 value could not be excluded. The twist expansion analysis suggests that the contamination of higher twists influences the extraction of the d/u ratio at x->1 even at Q2-scale as large as 12 (GeV/c)^2.Comment: To appear in proceedings of Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum VII Conference, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, 2-7 September 200

    Compilation and analysis of charge asymmetry measurements from electron and positron scattering on nucleon and nuclei

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    World data on the lepton-charge asymmetry in the elastic and inelastic lepton scattering off the proton and nuclei are compiled and discussed. After reviewing the published results, we compare the elastic data to a model calculation of the two-photon exchange mechanism. We show that the existing data do not provide any evidence for the two-photon contribution. At significance level 0.05 the data allow to exclude the two-photon exchange as an explanation for the difference between Rosenbluth and polarization measurements of proton electromagnetic form factors.Comment: 20 pages, 7 figures 2 table

    The proton structure function F2 in the resonance region

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    Unique measurement of the proton structure function F2 in a wide two-dimensional region of x and Q**2 has been reported. The accessible kinematics covers entire resonance region up to W=2.5 GeV in the Q**2 interval from 0.1 to 4.5 GeV**2. Obtained data allowed for the first time an evaluation of moments of the structure function F2 directly from experimental data as well as an intensive study of the Bloom-Gilman duality phenomenon.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, Proceedings of GDH2002 Conference, 3-6 July 2002, Genova, Italy, to be published in World Scientifi
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