2,614 research outputs found

    Conoscenza e informazione del cultural heritage come spazio d\u2019impresa

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    Ancora negli anni \u201980 il sistema industriale poteva essere considerato il \u201cgrande responsabile\u201d della rovina del tessuto artistico dei luoghi. Ma la \u201ccatastrofe\u201d avviata da lungo tempo attorno al concetto di territorio sfociava allora in una nuova epistemologia, anche attenta all\u2019integrazione fra ecologia ed economia, rapidamente accolta in ogni ambito disciplinare. Fra l\u2019altro, mentre gi\ue0 da un ventennio la constatazione dei limiti del funzionamento del mercato rispetto all\u2019ambiente naturale aveva minato la nozione marshalliana di economie esterne ed originato la nuova branca degli environmental economics, alcuni storici dell\u2019arte si erano d\u2019altra parte provati a rompere la tradizionale compartimentazione del proprio settore, per contestualizzare il tema dei beni culturali nel quadro della politica economica ed urbanistica. Poi emersa l\u2019importanza del territorio sotto il profilo anche culturale, alla nuova teoria degli stakeholder e alla social corporate responsability le imprese hanno corrisposto con la logica oblativa della grants economy, per\uf2 insufficiente nell\u2019attuale stagione della economia della conoscenza per fronteggiare le esigenze del cultural heritage riconosciuto come decisivo fattore di produzione. Il sistema industriale, opportunamente avvalendosi dello sviluppo tecnologico, pu\uf2 ora applicarsi ad innovative forme di conoscenza e di informazione del capitale culturale diffuso sul territorio e concentrato nei musei, in funzione della sua salvaguardia e valorizzazione, implementando processi produttivi efficaci, efficienti e imprenditorialmente profittevoli in una prospettiva multi-stakeholder indirizzata a pi\uf9 aree di scambio di natura privata e pubblica. Proprio al principio degli anni \u201980 Giovanni Urbani, il maggior tecnico del \u2018900 per la conservazione dei beni culturali, auspicava \u201cche ci\uf2 che finora ha portato alla separazione e al dissidio possa un giorno ricongiungere e sanare\u201d

    Museum networks and sustainable tourism management. The case study of Marche Region's museums (Italy)

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    Over the past twenty years, research on cultural tourism has sought to find a balance between tourism development and cultural heritage conservation. However scholars have not focused on the enhancement of local cultural heritage as an asset to raise awareness of new cultural destinations and to prevent overcrowding in just a few cultural cities. After a discussion of literature on heritage tourism management, this paper presents the results of a survey on museum networks in the Marche Region of Italy. Research suggests that museum networks have an important role in promoting local cultural heritage, but that they are not yet able to exploit economies of scale, to then ensure the museums\u2019 survival and development as well as their contribution to sustainable tourism

    Corporate museums as heritage vehicles: a comparative analysis between family and non-family businesses

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    The heritage marketing strategy often calls for the employment of a corporate museum to represent the firm’s history in the eyes of internal and external observers. However, to date there has been no attempt to identify the distinctive values underlying the use of corporate museums by family firms – as opposed to non-family firms – for nurturing customers’ understanding and appreciation of the company and its products. This paper aims to address this gap and investigate the identity values that drive the establishment of corporate museums by family firms and non-family firms. Using a comparative case-study (CCS) approach, the paper examines the values underlying two examples of corporate museums promoted by two different firms, one with a high level and one with a low level of family control. The study reveals differing distinctive values between family and non-family corporate museums

    Econometric and Machine Learning Methods to Identify Pedestrian Crash Patterns

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    Walking plays an important role in overcoming many challenges nowadays, and governments and local authorities are encouraging healthy and environmentally sustainable lifestyles. Nevertheless, pedestrians are the most vulnerable road users and crashes with pedestrian involvement are a serious concern. Thus, the identification of pedestrian crash patterns is crucial to identify appropriate safety countermeasures. The aims of the study are (1) to identify the road infrastructure, environmental, vehicle, and driver-related patterns that are associated with an overrepresentation of pedestrian crashes, and (2) to identify safety countermeasures to mitigate the detected pedestrian crash patterns. The analysis carried out an econometric model, namely the mixed logit model, and the association rules and the classification tree algorithm, as machine learning tools, to analyse the patterns contributing to the overrepresentation of pedestrian crashes in Italy. The dataset consists of 874,847 crashes—including 101,032 pedestrian crashes—that occurred in Italy from 2014 to 2018. The methodological approach adopted in the study was effective in uncovering relations among road infrastructure, environmental, vehicle, and driver-related patterns, and the overrepresentation of pedestrian crashes. The mixed logit provided a clue on the impact of each pattern on the pedestrian crash occurrence, whereas the association rules and the classification tree detected the associations among the patterns with insights on how the co-occurrence of more factors could be detrimental to pedestrian safety. Drivers’ behaviour and psychophysical state turned out to be crucial patterns related to pedestrian crashes’ overrepresentation. Based on the identified crash patterns, safety countermeasures have been proposed

    Posterior arch defect of the atlas associated to absence of costal element of foramen transversarium from 16th century Sardinia (Italy)

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    Study Design. A paleopathological case of posterior arch defect of the atlas associated to the absence of costal element of the foramen transversarium. Objective. In living patients as well as in postmortem analysis it should be difficult to distinguish between a congenital and an acquired anomaly. Any anomaly in the anatomy of atlas should be taken into consideration by clinicians, surgeons, radiologists, and anatomists in order to avoid misinterpretations and clinical complications. Summary of Background Data. Posterior arch defect has a current occurrence of approximately 4%. Posterior arch schisis is attributed to the defective or absent development of the cartilaginous preformation of the arch rather than a disturbance of the ossification. The absence of costal element of the foramen transversarium has an incidence of ranging from 2% to 10% and is attributed to a developmental defect or to variations in the course of the vertebral artery. Methods. The skeleton of a man aged 20–30 years, brought to light in the plague cemetery of 16th century Alghero (Sardinia), showed anomalies of the atlas, consisting in failure of the midline fusion of the 2 hemiarches with a small gap and an open anterior foramen trasversarium on the left side. A macroscopic, radiological, and stereomicroscopic study was carried out. Results. The study allowed to rule out a traumatic origin of the defects and to diagnose an association of 2 congenital anomalies. Conclusion. Osteoarchaeological cases provides with a valuable opportunity to examine and describe variations in the anatomy of the atlas

    A mild photochemical approach to the degradation of phenols from olive oil mill wastewater

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    Photooxidation of cathecol (1) is carried out in aqueous solution at k > 300 nm using different sensitizers: rose bengal (RB), 9,10-dicyanoanthracene (DCA), 2,4,6-triphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate (Pyryl). The highest degradation is observed in the UV/RB-sensitized reaction (66% after 15 h of irradiation), mineralization and formation of dimers are the final events. This procedure has been extended to tyrosol (2), caffeic acid (3), vanillic acid (4), 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (5) and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (6) as well as to a mixture of all phenols. A reduced toxicity of the UV/RB-irradiated solutions of cathecol and tyrosol towards alga Ankistrodesmus braunii is also verified

    Integrative medicine in the cancer setting: a new challenge for physicians and patients

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    In 2019, World Cancer Research Journal launched a new topic, dedicated to Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), enjoying good scientific interest. The articles, published on this topic, highlights the concept and the importance of a new integrative medicine approach. According to the National Center Institute of USA for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), integrative medicine is an approach to medical care that combines traditional medicine (TM) with CAM practices, which have demonstrated safety and benefits as adjuncts to mainstream cancer care

    Assessment of chest high-field magnetic resonance imaging in children and young adults with noncystic fibrosis chronic lung disease: comparison to high-resolution computed tomography and correlation with pulmonary function.

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    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been proposed as a radiation-free alternative to high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for the assessment and follow-up of chest disorders. Thus far, no study has compared the efficacy of high-field MRI and HRCT in children and adults with noncystic fibrosis (CF) chronic lung disease. The aims of our study were: (1) to assess whether chest high-field MRI is as effective as chest HRCT in identifying pulmonary abnormalities; and (2) to investigate the relationships between the severity and extent of lung disease, and functional data in patients with non-CF chronic lung disease. Forty-one subjects (median age, 13.8 years; range, 5.9-29.3 years; 30 children/11 adults) with primary ciliary dyskinesia (n = 14), primary immunodeficiency (n = 14), or recurrent pneumonia (n = 13) underwent pulmonary function tests, chest HRCT (120 kV, dose-modulated mAs) and high-field 3.0-T MRI (HASTE; transversal orientation; repetition time/echo time/flip angle/acquisition time, infinite/92 milliseconds/150 degrees/approximately 90 seconds). HRCT and MRI images were scored in consensus by 2 raters using a modified version of the Helbich scoring system. The maximal score was 25. HRCT and high-field MRI total scores were 11 (range: 1-20) and 11 (range: 1-17), respectively. There was good agreement between the 2 techniques for all scores (r > 0.8). HRCT and MRI total scores, and extent of bronchiectasis scores were significantly related to pulmonary function tests (r = -0.4, P < 0.05). The MRI mucous plugging score was significantly related to pulmonary function tests (r = -0.4, P < 0.05). Chest high-field 3.0-T MRI appears to be as effective as HRCT in assessing the extent and severity of lung abnormalities in non-CF chronic lung diseases, and might be a reliable radiation-free option to HRCT
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