7,580 research outputs found

    Ordering-sensitive and Semantic-aware Topic Modeling

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    Topic modeling of textual corpora is an important and challenging problem. In most previous work, the "bag-of-words" assumption is usually made which ignores the ordering of words. This assumption simplifies the computation, but it unrealistically loses the ordering information and the semantic of words in the context. In this paper, we present a Gaussian Mixture Neural Topic Model (GMNTM) which incorporates both the ordering of words and the semantic meaning of sentences into topic modeling. Specifically, we represent each topic as a cluster of multi-dimensional vectors and embed the corpus into a collection of vectors generated by the Gaussian mixture model. Each word is affected not only by its topic, but also by the embedding vector of its surrounding words and the context. The Gaussian mixture components and the topic of documents, sentences and words can be learnt jointly. Extensive experiments show that our model can learn better topics and more accurate word distributions for each topic. Quantitatively, comparing to state-of-the-art topic modeling approaches, GMNTM obtains significantly better performance in terms of perplexity, retrieval accuracy and classification accuracy.Comment: To appear in proceedings of AAAI 201

    The Spectrum of a Binding System for a Heavy Quark with an Anti-Sbottom or for a Sbottom and Anti-Sbottom Pair

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    Since long-lived light bottom squark (sbottom) and its anti-particle with a mass close to the bottom quark have not been excluded by experiments so far, we consider such a sbottom to combine with its anti-particle to form a color singlet meson-like bound state or to combine with a common anti-quark to form a fermion-like one, or accordingly their anti-particles to form an anti-particle bound system. Namely we calculate the low-lying spectrum of the systems based on QCD inspired potential model. To be as relativistic as possible, we start with the framework of Bethe-Salpeter (BS) equation even for non-relativistic binding systems. Finally, we obtain the requested spectrum by constructing general forms of the BS wave functions and solving the BS equations under instantaneous approximation.Comment: 13 pages, 1 figur

    Spectral and optical properties in the antiphase stripe phase of the cuprate superconductors

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    We investigate the superconducting order parameter, the spectral and optical properties in a stripe model with spin (charge) domain-derived scattering potential VsV_{s} (VcV_{c}). We show that the charge domain-derived scattering is less effective than the spin scattering on the suppression of superconductivity. For Vs≫VcV_{s}\gg V_{c}, the spectral weight concentrates on the (π,0\pi,0) antinodal region, and a finite energy peak appears in the optical conductivity with the disappearance of the Drude peak. But for Vs≈VcV_{s}\approx V_{c}, the spectral weight concentrates on the (π/2,π/2\pi/2,\pi/2) nodal region, and a residual Drude peak exists in the optical conductivity without the finite energy peak. These results consistently account for the divergent observations in the ARPES and optical conductivity experiments in several high-TcT_c cuprates, and suggest that the "insulating" and "metallic" properties are intrinsic to the stripe state, depending on the relative strength of the spin and charge domain-derived scattering potentials.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure

    Coexistence of the antiferromagnetic and superconducting order and its effect on spin dynamics in electron-doped high-TcT_{c} cuprates

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    In the framework of the slave-boson approach to the t−t′−t′′−Jt-t'-t''-J model, it is found that for electron-doped high-TcT_c cuprates, the staggered antiferromagnetic (AF) order coexists with superconducting (SC) order in a wide doping level ranged from underdoped to nearly optimal doping at the mean-field level. In the coexisting phase, it is revealed that the spin response is commensurate in a substantial frequency range below a crossover frequency ωc\omega_{c} for all dopings considered, and it switches to the incommensurate structure when the frequency is higher than ωc\omega_{c}. This result is in agreement with the experimental measurements. Comparison of the spin response between the coexisting phase and the pure SC phase with a dx2−y2d_{x^{2}-y^{2}}-wave pairing plus a higher harmonics term (DP+HH) suggests that the inclusion of the two-band effect is important to consistently account for both the dispersion of the spin response and the non-monotonic gap behavior in the electron-doped cuprates.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figure

    Black Hole Hyperaccretion Inflow-outflow Model. I. Long And Ultra-long Gamma-ray Bursts

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    Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) and ultra-LGRBs (ULGRBs) originate from collapsars, in the center of which a newborn rotating stellar-mass black hole (BH) surrounded by a massive accretion disk may form. In the scenario of the BH hyperaccretion inflow-outflow model and Blandford-Znajek (BZ) mechanism to trigger gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), the real accretion rate to power a BZ jet is far lower than the mass supply rate from the progenitor star. The characteristics of the progenitor stars can be constrained by GRB luminosity observations, and the results exceed usual expectations. LGRBs lasting from several seconds to tens of seconds in the rest frame may originate from solar-metallicity (Z ∼ 1 Z⊙, where Z and Z⊙ are the metallicities of progenitor stars and the Sun), massive (M ≳ 34 M⊙, where M and M⊙ are the masses of progenitor stars and the Sun) stars or some zerometallicity (Z ∼ 0) stars. A fraction of low-metallicity (Z ≲ 10-2Z⊙) stars, including Population III stars, can produce ULGRBs such as GRB 111209A. The fraction of LGRBs lasting less than tens of seconds in the rest frame is more than 40%, which cannot conform to the fraction of the demanded type of progenitor star. It possibly implies that the activity timescale of the central engine may be much longer than the observed timescale of prompt emission phase, as indicated by X-ray late-time activities. Alternatively, LGRBs and ULGRBs may be powered by a millisecond magnetar central engine. © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved
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