2,068 research outputs found

### New Analysis of the Delta I = 1/2 Rule in Kaon Decays and the B_K Parameter

We present a new analysis of the Delta I = 1/2 rule in K --> pi pi decays and
the B_K parameter. We use the 1/N_c expansion within the effective chiral
lagrangian for pseudoscalar mesons and compute the hadronic matrix elements at
leading and next-to-leading order in the chiral and the 1/N_c expansions.
Numerically, our calculation reproduces the dominant Delta I = 1/2 K --> pi pi
amplitude. Our result depends only moderately on the choice of the cutoff scale
in the chiral loops. The Delta I = 3/2 amplitude emerges sufficiently
suppressed but shows a significant dependence on the cutoff. The B_K parameter
turns out to be smaller than the value previously obtained in the 1/N_c
approach. It also shows a significant dependence on the choice of the cutoff
scale. Our results indicate that corrections from higher order terms and/or
higher resonances are large for the Delta I = 3/2 K --> pi pi amplitude and the
(|Delta S| = 2) K^0 -- anti K^0 transition amplitude.Comment: 50 pages, LaTeX, 13 eps figure

### Analyzing epsilon'/epsilon in the 1/N_c Expansion

We present a recent analysis of epsilon'/epsilon in the 1/N_c expansion. We
show that the 1/N_c corrections to the matrix element of Q_6 are large and
positive, indicating a Delta I=1/2 enhancement similar to the one of Q_1 and
Q_2 which dominate the CP conserving amplitude. This enhances the CP ratio and
can bring the standard model prediction close to the measured value for central
values of the parameters.Comment: One reference corrected. 5 pages, talk presented by P.H. Soldan at
the 3. International Conference on B Physics and CP Violation, Taipei,
Taiwan, December 3 - 7, 1999. Slightly expanded version of the article
submitted to the proceeding

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### Mid-infrared spectroscopy of CAI and AOA from the Allende CV3.2 chondrite

Mid-infrared spectra of bulk CAI from the CV3.2 chondrite Allende are presented and compared with astronomical spectra of cometary dust, zodiacal light,the circumstellar disk of beta Pictoris and dust around the red supergiant PR Per

### Testing T Invariance in the Interaction of Slow Neutrons with Aligned Nuclei

The study of five-fold (P even, T odd) correlation in the interaction of slow
polarized neutrons with aligned nuclei is a possible way of testing the time
reversal invariance due to the expected enhancement of T violating effects in
compound resonances. Possible nuclear targets are discussed which can be
aligned both dynamically as well as by the "brute force" method at low
temperature. A statistical estimation is performed of the five-fold correlation
for low lying p wave compound resonances of the $^{121}$Sb, $^{123}$Sb and
$^{127}$I nuclei. It is shown that a significant improvement can be achieved
for the bound on the intensity of the fundamental parity conserving time
violating (PCTV) interaction.Comment: 22 pages, 5 figures, published versio

### Опухоли с невыявленным первичным очагом: современные подходы к лечению

Представлены современные методы и схемы лечения разных видов рака с невыясненным очагом и получаемые результаты.Contemporary methods of treatment of various types of cancer with unrevealed focus as well as the obtained results are described

### Kinetic energy of solid neon by Monte Carlo with improved Trotter- and finite-size extrapolation

The kinetic energy of solid neon is calculated by a path-integral Monte Carlo
approach with a refined Trotter- and finite-size extrapolation. These accurate
data present significant quantum effects up to temperature T=20 K. They confirm
previous simulations and are consistent with recent experiments.Comment: Text and figures revised for minor corrections (4 pages, 3 figures
included by psfig

### Theory of commensurable magnetic structures in holmium

The tendency for the period of the helically ordered moments in holmium to
lock into values which are commensurable with the lattice is studied
theoretically as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The
commensurable effects are derived in the mean-field approximation from
numerical calculations of the free energy of various commensurable structures,
and the results are compared with the extensive experimental evidence collected
during the last ten years on the magnetic structures in holmium. In general the
stability of the different commensurable structures is found to be in accord
with the experiments, except for the tau=5/18 structure observed a few degrees
below T_N in a b-axis field. The trigonal coupling recently detected in holmium
is found to be the interaction required to explain the increased stability of
the tau=1/5 structure around 42 K, and of the tau=1/4 structure around 96 K,
when a field is applied along the c-axis.Comment: REVTEX, 31 pages, 7 postscript figure

### Grid-Competitive Residential and Commercial Fully Automated PV Systems Technology: Final technical Report, August 2011

Under DOE's Technology Pathway Partnership program, SunPower Corporation developed turn-key, high-efficiency residential and commercial systems that are cost effective. Key program objectives include a reduction in LCOE values to 9-12 cents/kWh and 13-18 cents/kWh respectively for the commercial and residential markets. Target LCOE values for the commercial ground, commercial roof, and residential markets are 10, 11, and 13 cents/kWh. For this effort, SunPower collaborated with a variety of suppliers and partners to complete the tasks below. Subcontractors included: Solaicx, SiGen, Ribbon Technology, Dow Corning, Xantrex, Tigo Energy, and Solar Bridge. SunPower's TPP addressed nearly the complete PV value chain: from ingot growth through system deployment. Throughout the award period of performance, SunPower has made progress toward achieving these reduced costs through the development of 20%+ efficient modules, increased cell efficiency through the understanding of loss mechanisms and improved manufacturing technologies, novel module development, automated design tools and techniques, and reduced system development and installation time. Based on an LCOE assessment using NREL's Solar Advisor Model, SunPower achieved the 2010 target range, as well as progress toward 2015 targets

### Interferon β-1a in relapsing multiple sclerosis: four-year extension of the European IFNβ-1a Dose-C omparison Study

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease requiring long-term monitoring of treatment. Objective: To assess the four-year clinical efficacy of intramuscular (IM) IFNb-1a in patients with relapsing MS from the European IFNb-1a Dose-C omparison Study. Methods: Patients who completed 36 months of treatment (Part 1) of the European IFNb-1a Dose-C omparison Study were given the option to continue double-blind treatment with IFNb-1a 30 mcg or 60 mcg IM once weekly (Part 2). Analyses of 48-month data were performed on sustained disability progression, relapses, and neutralizing antibody (NA b) formation. Results: O f 608/802 subjects who completed 36 months of treatment, 493 subjects continued treatment and 446 completed 48 months of treatment and follow-up. IFNb-1a 30 mcg and 60 mcg IM once weekly were equally effective for up to 48 months. There were no significant differences between doses over 48 months on any of the clinical endpoints, including rate of disability progression, cumulative percentage of patients who progressed (48 and 43, respectively), and annual relapse rates; relapses tended to decrease over 48 months. The incidence of patients who were positive for NAbs at any time during the study was low in both treatment groups. Conclusion: C ompared with 60-mcg IM IFNb-1a once weekly, a dose of 30 mcg IM IFNb-1a once weekly maintains the same clinical efficacy over four years

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