30 research outputs found

    Mariprofundus ferrooxydans PV-1 the First Genome of a Marine Fe(II) Oxidizing Zetaproteobacterium

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    © The Author(s), 2011. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in PLoS One 6 (2011): e25386, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025386.Mariprofundus ferrooxydans PV-1 has provided the first genome of the recently discovered Zetaproteobacteria subdivision. Genome analysis reveals a complete TCA cycle, the ability to fix CO2, carbon-storage proteins and a sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). The latter could facilitate the transport of carbohydrates across the cell membrane and possibly aid in stalk formation, a matrix composed of exopolymers and/or exopolysaccharides, which is used to store oxidized iron minerals outside the cell. Two-component signal transduction system genes, including histidine kinases, GGDEF domain genes, and response regulators containing CheY-like receivers, are abundant and widely distributed across the genome. Most of these are located in close proximity to genes required for cell division, phosphate uptake and transport, exopolymer and heavy metal secretion, flagellar biosynthesis and pilus assembly suggesting that these functions are highly regulated. Similar to many other motile, microaerophilic bacteria, genes encoding aerotaxis as well as antioxidant functionality (e.g., superoxide dismutases and peroxidases) are predicted to sense and respond to oxygen gradients, as would be required to maintain cellular redox balance in the specialized habitat where M. ferrooxydans resides. Comparative genomics with other Fe(II) oxidizing bacteria residing in freshwater and marine environments revealed similar content, synteny, and amino acid similarity of coding sequences potentially involved in Fe(II) oxidation, signal transduction and response regulation, oxygen sensation and detoxification, and heavy metal resistance. This study has provided novel insights into the molecular nature of Zetaproteobacteria.Funding has been provided by the NSF Microbial Observatories Program (KJE, DE), NSF’s Science and Technology Program, by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (KJE), the College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences at the University of Southern California (KJE), and by the NASA Astrobiology Institute (KJE, DE). Advanced Light Source analyses at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab are supported by the Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Science of the United States Department of Energy (DE-AC02-05CH11231)

    Selective enrichment of facultatively chemolithotrophic thiobacilli and related organisms in continuous culture

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    The current opinion is that facultatively chemo-lithotrophic thiobacilli, sometimes referred to as “versatile ” thiobacilli [ 11, often may have a signifi-cant ecological advantage over their more specialize

    Floating Filters, a Novel Technique for Isolation and Enumeration of Fastidious, Acidophilic, Iron-Oxidizing, Autotrophic Bacteria

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    Nuclepore polycarbonate filters floating on a liquid, FeSO(4)-containing medium (pH 1.6) were used to isolate a moderately thermophilic bacterium from a pyrite-oxidizing enrichment culture. The isolate failed to grow on any of the conventional solid media tried. To test the general applicability of the method, the enumeration of a fastidious acidophilic organism, Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, was carried out and the results compared with those obtained with other filters, solid media, and the most probable number technique. T. ferrooxidans showed better viability on the floating polycarbonate filters and grew in a much shorter time (4 to 5 days) than with the other techniques