1,833 research outputs found

    Fragmentation or Recombination at High p_T?

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    All hadronization processes, including fragmentation, are shown to proceed through recombination. The shower partons in a jet turn out to play an important role in describing the p_T spectra of hadrons produced in heavy-ion collisions. Due to the recombination of the shower partons with the soft thermal partons, the structure of jets produced in AA collisions is not the same as that of jets produced in pp collisions.Comment: Talk given at Quark Matter 200

    Correlations at intermediate pTp_T

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    Correlations among hadrons in jets produced in heavy-ion collisions are discussed in the framework of the recombination model. The basic correlation at the parton level is among the shower partons arising from kinematical constraint. The resultant correlation between hadrons at intermediate pTp_T is amazingly rich in characteristics.Comment: 10 pages including 12 figures. Talk presented at the MIT Workshop on Correlations and Fluctuations in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions, April 200

    Quark-hadron phase transition with surface fluctuation

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    The effect of surface fluctuation on the observables of quark-hadron phase transition is studied. The Ginzburg-Landau formalism is extended by the inclusion of an extra term in the free energy that depends on the vertical displacements from a flat surface. The probability that a bin has a particular net displacement is determined by lattice simulation, where the physics input is color confinement. The surface fluctuation from bin to bin is related to multiplicity fluctuation, which in turn is measured by the factorial moments. It is found that both the F-scaling behavior and the scaling exponent are essentially unaffected by the inclusion of surface fluctuation.Comment: 9 pages, LaTex, 7 figures in a single postscript file, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Parton recombination at all pTp_T

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    Hadron production at all pTp_T in heavy-ion collisions in the framework of parton recombination is reviewed. It is shown that the recombination of thermal and shower partons dominates the hadron spectra in the intermediate pTp_T region. In d+Aud+Au collisions, the physics of particle production at any η\eta is basically the same as at η=0\eta=0. The Cronin effect is described as a result of the final-state instead of the initial-state interaction. The suppression of RCPR_{CP} at high η\eta is due to the reduction of the soft parton density on the deuteron side, thus resulting in less pions produced by recombination, an explanation that requires no new physics. In Au+AuAu+Au collisions large p/πp/\pi ratio is obtained because the thermal partons can contribute to the formation of proton more than they do to the pion.Comment: 12 pages + 5 figures. Invited talk at Hard Probes 200

    Void Analysis of Hadronic Density Fluctuations at Phase Transition

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    The event-to-event fluctuations of hadron multiplicities are studied for a quark system undergoing second-order phase transition to hadrons. Emphasis is placed on the search for an observable signature that is realistic for heavy-ion collisions. It is suggested that in the 2-dimensional y-phi space the produced particles selected in a very narrow p_T window may exhibit clustering patterns even when integrated over the entire emission time. Using the Ising model to simulate the critical phenomenon and taking into account a p_T distribution that depends on the emission time, we study in the framework of the void analysis proposed earlier and find scaling behavior. The scaling exponents turn out to be larger than the ones found before for pure configurations without mixing. The signature is robust in that it is insensitive to the precise scheme of simulating time evolution. Thus it should reveal whether or not the dense matter created in heavy-ion collisions is a quark-gluon plasma before hadronization.Comment: 11 pages in LaTeX + 6 figures in p

    Evolution of shower parton distributions in a jet from quark recombination model

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    The evolution of shower parton distributions in a jet is investigated in the framework of quark recombination model. The distributions are parameterized and the Q2Q^2 dependence of the parameters is given by polynomials of ln⁥Q2\ln Q^2 for a wide range of Q2Q^2.Comment: 5 pages in RevTeX, 3 figures in ep

    Ridge Formation Induced by Jets in pppp Collisions at 7 TeV

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    An interpretation of the ridge phenomenon found in pp collisions at 7 TeV is given in terms of enhancement of soft partons due to energy loss of semihard jets. A description of ridge formation in nuclear collisions can directly be extended to pp collisions, since hydrodynamics is not used, and azimuthal anisotropy is generated by semihard scattering. Both the p_T and multiplicity dependencies are well reproduced. Some suggestions are made about other observables.Comment: Expanded version to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Ridge And Transverse Correlation Without Long-Range Longitudinal Correlation

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    A simple phenomenological relationship between the ridge distribution in Delta eta and the single-particle distribution in eta can be established from the PHOBOS data on both distributions. The implication points to the possibility that it is not necessary to have long-range longitudinal correlation to explain the data. An interpretation of the relationship is then developed, based on the recognition that longitudinal uncertainty of the initial configuration allows for non-Hubble-like expansion at early time. It is shown that the main features of the ridge structure can be explained in a model where transverse correlation stimulated by semihard partons is the principal mechanism. This work is related to the azimuthal anisotropy generated by minijets in Au-Au collisions at 0.2 TeV on the one hand and to the ridge structure seen in pp collisions at 7 TeV on the other hand.Physic

    Dihadron Correlation in Jets Produced in Heavy-Ion Collisions

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    The difference between the structures of jets produced in heavy-ion and hadronic collisions can best be exhibited in the correlations between particles within those jets. We study the dihadron correlations in jets in the framework of parton recombination. Two types of triggers, π+\pi^+ and proton, are considered. It is shown that the recombination of thermal and shower partons makes the most important contribution to the spectra of the associated particles at intermediate pTp_T. In pppp collisions the only significant contribution arises from shower-shower recombination, which is negligible in heavy-ion collisions. Moments of the associated-particle distributions are calculated to provide simple summary of the jet structures for easy comparison with experiments.Comment: 24 pages in Latex + 5 figure

    Factorial Moments of Continuous Order

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    The normalized factorial moments FqF_q are continued to noninteger values of the order qq, satisfying the condition that the statistical fluctuations remain filtered out. That is, for Poisson distribution Fq=1F_q = 1 for all qq. The continuation procedure is designed with phenomenology and data analysis in mind. Examples are given to show how FqF_q can be obtained for positive and negative values of qq. With qq being continuous, multifractal analysis is made possible for multiplicity distributions that arise from self-similar dynamics. A step-by-step procedure of the method is summarized in the conclusion.Comment: 15 pages + 9 figures (figures available upon request), Late
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