13,805 research outputs found

    Multilayer infrared beamsplitter film system

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    Multilayer infrared beamsplitter film system on a potassium bromide crystal substrate is operational over a wavelength range of 2.5 to 25 microns with nearly equal broadband reflectance and transmittance. It is useful in optical coating, vacuum deposition, radiometry, interferometry, and spectrometry

    High efficiency optical beamsplitter designed for operation in the infrared region

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    Beamsplitter system uses potassium bromide as substrate for operating in the spectral region between 5 and 30 microns and calcium fluoride for narrowband applications. It uses a 13-layer film which yields nearly equal broadband infrared reflectance and transmittance

    Nonlocal feedback in ferromagnetic resonance

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    Ferromagnetic resonance in thin films is analyzed under the influence of spatiotemporal feedback effects. The equation of motion for the magnetization dynamics is nonlocal in both space and time and includes isotropic, anisotropic and dipolar energy contributions as well as the conserved Gilbert- and the non-conserved Bloch-damping. We derive an analytical expression for the peak-to-peak linewidth. It consists of four separate parts originated by Gilbert damping, Bloch-damping, a mixed Gilbert-Bloch component and a contribution arising from retardation. In an intermediate frequency regime the results are comparable with the commonly used Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert theory combined with two-magnon processes. Retardation effects together with Gilbert damping lead to a linewidth the frequency dependence of which becomes strongly nonlinear. The relevance and the applicability of our approach to ferromagnetic resonance experiments is discussed.Comment: 22 pages, 9 figure

    Characterization of the pneumatic behavior of a novel spouted bed apparatus

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    Recently the importance of spouted bed technology has significantly increased in the context of drying processes as well as granulation, agglomeration or coating processes. Particulate systems concerning very fine or non spherical particles that are difficult to fluidize, often cannot be treated in conventional fluidized beds. In contrast to those fluidized beds, the spouted bed technology with its specific flow structure offers the opportunity of stable fluidization under controlled conditions. Within this work the fluid dynamics of a novel spouted bed with two adjustable gas inlets is investigated. By analysis of gas fluctuation spectra by means of a fast Fourier transformation algorithm, different operation regimes are identified and depicted graphically. Furthermore, continuum CFD-modeling of the granular solid phase motion by means of an Euler/Euler approach and comparisons with experimental obtained velocity vector fields by means of particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements will be presented in this work

    Identification of the dominant precession damping mechanism in Fe, Co, and Ni by first-principles calculations

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    The Landau-Lifshitz equation reliably describes magnetization dynamics using a phenomenological treatment of damping. This paper presents first-principles calculations of the damping parameters for Fe, Co, and Ni that quantitatively agree with existing ferromagnetic resonance measurements. This agreement establishes the dominant damping mechanism for these systems and takes a significant step toward predicting and tailoring the damping constants of new materials.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

    Trinification, the Hierarchy Problem and Inverse Seesaw Neutrino Masses

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    In minimal trinification models light neutrino masses can be generated via a radiative see-saw mechanism, where the masses of the right-handed neutrinos originate from loops involving Higgs and fermion fields at the unification scale. This mechanism is absent in models aiming at solving or ameliorating the hierarchy problem, such as low-energy supersymmetry, since the large seesaw-scale disappears. In this case, neutrino masses need to be generated via a TeV-scale mechanism. In this paper, we investigate an inverse seesaw mechanism and discuss some phenomenological consequences.Comment: 10 pages, 11 figure
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