45,176 research outputs found

    Dust cleansing of star-forming gas: II. Did late accretion flows change the chemical composition of the solar atmosphere?

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    The possibility that the chemical composition of the solar atmosphere has been affected by radiative dust cleansing of late and weak accretion flows by the proto-sun itself, is explored. Estimates, using semi-analytical methods and numerical simulations of the motion of dust grains in a collapsing non-magnetic and non-rotating gas sphere with a central light source are made, to model possible dust-cleansing effects. Our calculations indicate that the amounts of cleansed material may well be consistent with the abundance differences observed for the Sun when compared with solar-like stars and with the relations found between these differences and condensation temperature of the element. It seems quite possible that the proposed mechanism might have produced the significant abundance effects observed for the Sun, provided that late and relatively weak accretion did occur. The effects of cleansing may, however, be affected by outflows from the Sun, the existence and dynamics of magnetic fields and of the accretion disk, and the possible presence and location of the Early Sun in a rich stellar cluster.Comment: 10 pages, accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysics, version with corrected typos and added information on magnetic field

    On the intrinsic limitation of the Rosenbluth method at large momentum transfer

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    Correlations in the elastic electron proton scattering data show that the Rosenbluth method is not reliable for the extraction of the electric proton form factors at large momentum transfer, where the magnetic term dominates, due to the size and the ŌĶ\epsilon dependence of the radiative corrections.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figure

    Nucleon electromagnetic structure: past, present, and future

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    We present the experimental status of electromagnetic hadron form factors. New and surprising results, based on polarization measurements, have been recently obtained for the electric proton and neutron form factors. In particular, the electric and magnetic distributions inside the proton appear not to be the same, in disagreement with results extracted from the unpolarized cross section, using the Rosenbluth separation. The new findings have given rise to a large number of papers and different speculations, as they question directly the models of nucleon structure and the reaction mechanism itself (based on 1ő≥1\gamma-exchange), with a possible revision of the calculation of radiative corrections, two-photon contribution etc. New data in time-like region are also available, through annihilation reactions. A large interest in this field arises, due also to the possibility of new measurements in polarized electron nucleon elastic scattering at JLab, and also in the time-like region, at Frascati and at the future FAIR international facility.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figures, to be included in a special issue of Nuovo Cimento
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