50 research outputs found

    Left atrial drainage of the right superior vena cava: A case report

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    An isolated right superior vena cava (RSVC) draining into the left atrium represents a very rare congenital malformation, especially in the absence of a partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. This condition leads to hypoxemia, cyanosis, and clubbing without any other signs of heart defects. We describe an 8-year-old girl, who was referred to our hospital due to unexplained cyanosis. Segmental approach in transthoracic echocardiography showed left atrial drainage of the RSVC, which was subsequently confirmed by contrast echocardiography and angiography. Surgical repair via trans-section and anastomosis of the superior vena cava to the right atrium was performed to prevent the complications of right-to-left shunting and cyanosis. During a 4-year follow-up, the patient remained in very good clinical status and her serial echocardiography was normal except for very mild left atrial and left ventricular enlargement. © 2018, Tehran Heart Center. All rights reserved

    Combined aortic root replacement and heart transplantation in a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy and aortic root aneurysm

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    Concomitant replacement of the ascending aorta and heart transplantation are an infrequent procedure. This procedure was most often performed in patients with Marfan syndrome, however, it has its own technical difficulties. Hereby, we report on combined heart transplantation and aortic root replacement using donor's ascending aorta in a 25-year-old man diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy and ascending aorta aneurysm. This procedure was successful and beneficial to patients with aortopathy who are candidates for heart transplantation. © 2018, Iranian Society for Organ Transplantation

    Coronary slow flow: Benign or ominous?

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    Objective: Coronary slow flow phenomenon has been arbitrarily defined as delayed coronary blood flow in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. The present study sought to investigate the clinical features, natural history, and outcomes of affected patients. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 217 consecutive patients who had undergone coronary angiography and showed features of coronary slow flow phenomenon were evaluated for demographic and coronary risk factor profile, as well as clinical outcomes, at baseline and following treatment. Results: The study population consisted of 165 (76) males and 52 (24) females. The mean age of patients was 52.6±10 years. Mean ejection fraction was 48.2±5.4, 39.3 had diabetes, 43.3 had hypertension, 49.8 was a cigarette smoker, 41.9 had dyslipidemia, and 15 had a familial history of cardiac disease. Forty-nine percent was detected to have abnormal hsCRP levels. The most prevalent presenting complaint was atypical chest pain. Fifty-four percent of patients had slow blood flow in all three vessels. Thirty-six people had undergone repeat coronary angiography in a follow-up period of 5-7 years due to persisting or worsening clinical symptoms, of whom 6 (16.6) showed significant coronary artery stenosis. Eight (22.2) had mild CAD, and the rest still showed coronary slow flow without significant stenosis. The most common complaint during follow-up and after initiation of medical therapy was nonanginal chest pain. Conclusion: Patients with coronary slow flow phenomenon are predisposed to atherosclerosis and obstructive coronary artery disease. Therefore, this pathology should not be considered as a totally benign condition. Primary and secondary cardiovasculature preventive measures should be constituted and seem worthwhile in this patient population. © Copyright 2015 by Turkish Society of Cardiology

    Left atrial drainage of the right superior vena cava: A case report

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    An isolated right superior vena cava (RSVC) draining into the left atrium represents a very rare congenital malformation, especially in the absence of a partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. This condition leads to hypoxemia, cyanosis, and clubbing without any other signs of heart defects. We describe an 8-year-old girl, who was referred to our hospital due to unexplained cyanosis. Segmental approach in transthoracic echocardiography showed left atrial drainage of the RSVC, which was subsequently confirmed by contrast echocardiography and angiography. Surgical repair via trans-section and anastomosis of the superior vena cava to the right atrium was performed to prevent the complications of right-to-left shunting and cyanosis. During a 4-year follow-up, the patient remained in very good clinical status and her serial echocardiography was normal except for very mild left atrial and left ventricular enlargement. © 2018, Tehran Heart Center. All rights reserved

    Impact of vitamin C supplementation on post-cardiac surgery ICU and hospital length of stay

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    Background: Prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay after cardiac surgery is vitally important and is influenced by both intraoperative and postoperative factors.Objectives: This randomized clinical trial study was designed to assess whether vitamin C supplementation could reduce the length of ICU and hospital stay in post-cardiac surgery patients.Patients and Methods: Two hundred and ninety patients scheduled for adult cardiac surgery including coronary, valve and congenital operations were randomized into two groups: an intervention group, who received 2 g of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) intravenously, immediately before surgery in the operating theatre, followed by 1 g daily oral doses for the first 4 postoperative days; and a placebo group,who received an equal number of identical tablets in the same shape and size. Results: Hospital length of stay was significantly different between the two groups (10.17 ± 4.63 days in the intervention group vs. 12 ± 4.51 days in the placebo group; P = 0.01), while there was no significant difference in the ICU stay between the groups (3.42 ± 1.06 days in intervention group vs. 3.43 ± 1.09 days in the placebo group; P = 0.88). There were significant differences in the intubation time and the drainage volume in the ICU and the first 24 postoperative hours between the two groups (P for both = 0.003). Conclusions: Vitamin C can decrease the length of hospital stay, drainage volume in the ICU and in the first 24 postoperative hours, intubation time and some complications in patients after cardiac surgery; perhaps by decreasing inflammatory factors. Background: Prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay after cardiac surgery is vitally important and is influenced by both intraoperative and postoperative factors.Objectives: This randomized clinical trial study was designed to assess whether vitamin C supplementation could reduce the length of ICU and hospital stay in post-cardiac surgery patients.Patients and Methods: Two hundred and ninety patients scheduled for adult cardiac surgery including coronary, valve and congenital operations were randomized into two groups: an intervention group, who received 2 g of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) intravenously, immediately before surgery in the operating theatre, followed by 1 g daily oral doses for the first 4 postoperative days; and a placebo group,who received an equal number of identical tablets in the same shape and size. Results: Hospital length of stay was significantly different between the two groups (10.17 ± 4.63 days in the intervention group vs. 12 ± 4.51 days in the placebo group; P = 0.01), while there was no significant difference in the ICU stay between the groups (3.42 ± 1.06 days in intervention group vs. 3.43 ± 1.09 days in the placebo group; P = 0.88). There were significant differences in the intubation time and the drainage volume in the ICU and the first 24 postoperative hours between the two groups (P for both = 0.003). Conclusions: Vitamin C can decrease the length of hospital stay, drainage volume in the ICU and in the first 24 postoperative hours, intubation time and some complications in patients after cardiac surgery; perhaps by decreasing inflammatory factors. © 2015, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM)

    The association between increased carotid intima-media thickness and SYNTAX Score in coronary artery disease: A single center study

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    Background: Carotid artery lesions frequently coexist with coronary arterial disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and the extent of CAD and whether CIMT could be predictive of severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Methods: Coronary angiography and carotid ultrasound evaluations of 100 consecutive patients with CAD who had undergone elective coronary angiography were reviewed. IMT was measured at both carotid arteries. CIMT and severity of CAD relationship based on SYNTAX score was assessed. The relation between CIMT and cardiovascular risk factors was determined. Results: Mean overall SYNTAX score was 15.76 + 4.82. Mean right CIMT was 0.86 ± 0.29 and mean left CIMT was 0.83 ± 0.24. There were no significant correlation between the SYNTAX score and CIMT (r: 10, P: 30). There was significant relationship between hypertension,diabetes and CIMT (P: 0.01). Conclusion: we found no relationship between CIMT and SYNTAX score in patients who underwent coronary angiography. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are related to increased carotid intima-media thickness. © 2018

    Dilated cardiomyopathy as a rare presentation of the pulmonary sequestration: A case report with aberrant vessel from aorta to left lower pulmonary lobe

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    Late onset non-ischemic cardiomyopathy is a rare manifestation of the presence of aberrant vessel from descending thoracic aorta to left lower lobe of lung. This congenital anomaly is associated with pulmonary sequestration. Our case was a 23-year-old male who was under observation since the age of 19 years for evaluation of shortness of breath, functional class II. He had history of professional athletic training and he denied consumption of any compound. Ejection fraction had deteriorated during three years from 45�50 to 40 and left ventricular size increased from normal size to mild enlargement. Cardiac computed tomography showed presence of aberrant artery from descending aorta to left lower pulmonary lobe with pulmonary sequestration. His cardiac function improved after successful coil embolization of aberrant vessel. In conclusion, pulmonary sequestration and aberrant pulmonary supply from aorta should be considered as a rare cause of dilated cardiomyopathy which can be reversible by proper intervention. © 2019 Japanese College of Cardiolog

    The association between increased carotid intima-media thickness and SYNTAX Score in coronary artery disease: A single center study

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    Background: Carotid artery lesions frequently coexist with coronary arterial disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and the extent of CAD and whether CIMT could be predictive of severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Methods: Coronary angiography and carotid ultrasound evaluations of 100 consecutive patients with CAD who had undergone elective coronary angiography were reviewed. IMT was measured at both carotid arteries. CIMT and severity of CAD relationship based on SYNTAX score was assessed. The relation between CIMT and cardiovascular risk factors was determined. Results: Mean overall SYNTAX score was 15.76 + 4.82. Mean right CIMT was 0.86 ± 0.29 and mean left CIMT was 0.83 ± 0.24. There were no significant correlation between the SYNTAX score and CIMT (r: 10, P: 30). There was significant relationship between hypertension,diabetes and CIMT (P: 0.01). Conclusion: we found no relationship between CIMT and SYNTAX score in patients who underwent coronary angiography. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are related to increased carotid intima-media thickness. © 2018

    Cardiogoniometry can predict positive response to cardiac resynchronization therapy � A proof of concept study

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    Background: According to American Heart Association guidelines, QRS duration and morphology are used to select patients for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). But still there are some patients who are not responding to this device. We investigated whether the Cardiogoniometry (CGM) as a three-dimensional vectorcardiogram method can improve patient selection. Methods: Echocardiography and CGM were performed for 25 consecutive patients with Left bundle branch morphology who were candidate for CRT implantation and were in sinus rhythm. Patients re-evaluated by echocardiography after 6 months post CRT implantation. Results: The mean age of the patients was 63 ± 13 years and 17 (68) were males. The mean LVEF was 19.4 ± 7.4 and 24.2 ± 11.5 before and after CRT implantation respectively. Median of the duration of the R loop before the R maximum demonstrated a negative correlation with the increase in LVEF, (r = �0.36, P = 0.07) and mean of maximal spatial velocity of the T-loop for all measured showed a positive correlation (r = 0.39, p = 0.04). Other parameters didn't show any significant differences. Conclusions: Three-dimensional vectorcardiogram parameters can be helpful to predict the CRT response. Shorter duration of the R loop before the maximum R and smaller R loop area are predictors for responder patients. © 201

    Cardiogoniometry can predict positive response to cardiac resynchronization therapy � A proof of concept study

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    Background: According to American Heart Association guidelines, QRS duration and morphology are used to select patients for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). But still there are some patients who are not responding to this device. We investigated whether the Cardiogoniometry (CGM) as a three-dimensional vectorcardiogram method can improve patient selection. Methods: Echocardiography and CGM were performed for 25 consecutive patients with Left bundle branch morphology who were candidate for CRT implantation and were in sinus rhythm. Patients re-evaluated by echocardiography after 6 months post CRT implantation. Results: The mean age of the patients was 63 ± 13 years and 17 (68) were males. The mean LVEF was 19.4 ± 7.4 and 24.2 ± 11.5 before and after CRT implantation respectively. Median of the duration of the R loop before the R maximum demonstrated a negative correlation with the increase in LVEF, (r = �0.36, P = 0.07) and mean of maximal spatial velocity of the T-loop for all measured showed a positive correlation (r = 0.39, p = 0.04). Other parameters didn't show any significant differences. Conclusions: Three-dimensional vectorcardiogram parameters can be helpful to predict the CRT response. Shorter duration of the R loop before the maximum R and smaller R loop area are predictors for responder patients. © 201
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