34,697 research outputs found

    The Red Mist

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    Testing the nomological network for the Personal Engagement Model

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    The study of employee engagement has been a key focus of management for over three decades. The academic literature on engagement has generated multiple definitions but there are two primary models of engagement: the Personal Engagement Model of Kahn (1990), and the Work Engagement Model (WEM) of Schaufeli et al., (2002). While the former is cited by most authors as the seminal work on engagement, research has tended to focus on elements of the model and most theoretical work on engagement has predominantly used the WEM to consider the topic. The purpose of this study was to test all the elements of the nomological network of the PEM to determine whether the complete model of personal engagement is viable. This was done using data from a large, complex public sector workforce. Survey questions were designed to test each element of the PEM and administered to a sample of the workforce (n = 3,103). The scales were tested and refined using confirmatory factor analysis and then the model was tested determine the structure of the nomological network. This was validated and the generalisability of the final model was tested across different work and organisational types. The results showed that the PEM is viable but there were differences from what was originally proposed by Kahn (1990). Specifically, of the three psychological conditions deemed necessary for engagement to occur, meaningfulness, safety, and availability, only meaningfulness was found to contribute to employee engagement. The model demonstrated that employees experience meaningfulness through both the nature of the work that they do and the organisation within which they do their work. Finally, the findings were replicated across employees in different work types and different organisational types. This thesis makes five contributions to the engagement paradigm. It advances engagement theory by testing the PEM and showing that it is an adequate representation of engagement. A model for testing the causal mechanism for engagement has been articulated, demonstrating that meaningfulness in work is a primary mechanism for engagement. The research has shown the key aspects of the workplace in which employees experience meaningfulness, the nature of the work that they do and the organisation within which they do it. It has demonstrated that this is consistent across organisations and the type of work. Finally, it has developed a reliable measure of the different elements of the PEM which will support future research in this area

    La actuaci├│n de la prueba de oficio y los principios procesales - Callao 2021

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    El presente estudio busc├│ analizar si la actuaci├│n de la prueba de oficio vulneraba los principios procesales ÔÇô Callao 2021. Tuvo como categor├şas a la prueba de oficio y los principios procesales. Se utiliz├│ un enfoque cualitativo, con dise├▒o fenomenol├│gico y el instrumento fue una entrevista estructurada. Con los datos obtenidos se logr├│ cumplir con los objetivos planteados. Seg├║n los resultados, se analiz├│ si la actuaci├│n de la prueba de oficio vulnera los principios procesales - Callao 2021, entonces, se concluy├│ que, la actuaci├│n de la prueba de oficio no se encontrar├şa vulnerando los principios procesales en el Callao, puesto que, el juez al aplicar este mecanismo lo hace de forma excepcional y se orienta por la b├║squeda de la verdad procesal y siempre act├║a con imparcialidad

    Front Matter and Table of Contents

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    Filosofisk antropologi og moralbegrundelse

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    This article consists of three parts. In the first part I present the three most important positions in the philosophical discussion of human nature, and I sketch the conceptions of moral life that are connected with each of these positions. The most extensively described position is the socalled person-theory, which I myself maintain. In the second part I develop the critique of the theory of needs (taken as a general theory of motivation), which was mentioned already in the first part, and I argue that the theory of motivation which is included in my person-theory (according to which part of human motivation consists of potentials, not needs) contributes to answering the normative question about man's destination, a contribution that is important for the critique of the way our type of society moulds man and human life. In the third part I give a more systematic argument to the effect that moral life cannot be grounded in a single principle, but consists of a series of irreducible types, each of which is grounded in a given type or indispensible way of acting. In other words it is my thesis, that morality - or rather the different types of morality - has an ontological foundation in the sense that each type of morality is necessarily connected with an indispensible kind of human activity.Artiklen er opdelt i tre afsnit: I f├Şrste afsnit fremstilles de tre vigtigste positioner i den filosofiske diskussion om menneskets natur, og der redeg├Şres for, hvilke opfattelser af det etiske der er knyttet til hver af disse positioner. Mest udf├Şrligt beskrives den position, jeg selv g├ąr ind for, den s├ąkaldte personteori. I andet afsnit uddybes den kritik af behovsteorien (forst├ąet som almengyldig motivationsteori), som allerede blev antydet i f├Şrste afsnit, og der argumenteres for, at personteoriens alternativ til behovsteorien - teorien om de menneskelige potentialer - bidrager til afklaringen af det normative sp├Şrgsm├ąl om menneskets bestemmelse, et bidrag som er vigtigt i den kritiske stillingtagen til vort eget samfunds formning af mennesker og menneskelig livsudfoldelse. I tredje afsnit redeg├Şres der mere systematisk for, at det moralske liv ikke kan f├Şres tilbage til et enkelt princip, men omfatter en r├Žkke indbyrdes irreducible former, som hver for sig er forankret i en bestemt n├Şdvendig handlingsform. Det er med andre ord min hovedtese, at moralen - eller rettere de forskellige moralske former - kan begrundes ved henvisning til n├Şdvendigetr├Žk i den menneskelige livsudfoldelse, at moralen alts├ą har et objektivt ontologisk fundament

    Examples of works to practice staccato technique in clarinet instrument

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    Klarnetin staccato tekni─čini g├╝├žlendirme a┼čamalar─▒ eser ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒yla uygulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ge├ži┼člerini h─▒zland─▒racak ritim ve n├╝ans ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒na yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čman─▒n en ├Ânemli amac─▒ sadece staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒ de─čil parmak-dilin e┼č zamanl─▒ uyumunun hassasiyeti ├╝zerinde de durulmas─▒d─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n─▒ daha verimli hale getirmek i├žin eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n i├žinde et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒na da yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čmalar─▒n ├╝zerinde titizlikle durulmas─▒ staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n ilham verici etkisi ile m├╝zikal kimli─če yeni bir boyut kazand─▒rm─▒┼čt─▒r. Sekiz ├Âzg├╝n eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n her a┼čamas─▒ anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Her a┼čaman─▒n bir sonraki performans ve tekni─či g├╝├žlendirmesi esas al─▒nm─▒┼čt─▒r. Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada staccato tekni─činin hangi alanlarda kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒, nas─▒l sonu├žlar elde edildi─či bilgisine yer verilmi┼čtir. Notalar─▒n parmak ve dil uyumu ile nas─▒l ┼čekillenece─či ve nas─▒l bir ├žal─▒┼čma disiplini i├žinde ger├žekle┼čece─či planlanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Kam─▒┼č-nota-diyafram-parmak-dil-n├╝ans ve disiplin kavramlar─▒n─▒n staccato tekni─činde ayr─▒lmaz bir b├╝t├╝n oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Ara┼čt─▒rmada literat├╝r taramas─▒ yap─▒larak staccato ile ilgili ├žal─▒┼čmalar taranm─▒┼čt─▒r. Tarama sonucunda klarnet tekni─čin de kullan─▒lan staccato eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n az oldu─ču tespit edilmi┼čtir. Metot taramas─▒nda da et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n daha ├žok oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. B├Âylelikle klarnetin staccato tekni─čini h─▒zland─▒rma ve g├╝├žlendirme ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ sunulmu┼čtur. Staccato et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ yap─▒l─▒rken, araya eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n girmesi beyni rahatlatt─▒─č─▒ ve isteklili─či daha artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ g├Âzlemlenmi┼čtir. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒ yaparken do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi ├╝zerinde de durulmu┼čtur. Staccato tekni─čini do─čru ├žal─▒┼čmak i├žin do─čru bir kam─▒┼č─▒n dil h─▒z─▒n─▒ artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi kam─▒┼čtan rahat ses ├ž─▒kmas─▒na ba─čl─▒d─▒r. Kam─▒┼č, dil atma g├╝c├╝n├╝ vermiyorsa daha do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žiminin yap─▒lmas─▒ gereklili─či vurgulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒nda ba┼čtan sona bir eseri yorumlamak zor olabilir. Bu a├ž─▒dan ├žal─▒┼čma, verilen m├╝zikal n├╝anslara uyman─▒n, dil at─▒┼č performans─▒n─▒ rahatlatt─▒─č─▒n─▒ ortaya koymu┼čtur. Gelecek nesillere edinilen bilgi ve birikimlerin aktar─▒lmas─▒ ve geli┼čtirici olmas─▒ te┼čvik edilmi┼čtir. ├ç─▒kacak eserlerin nas─▒l ├ž├Âz├╝lece─či, staccato tekni─činin nas─▒l ├╝stesinden gelinebilece─či anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato tekni─činin daha k─▒sa s├╝rede ├ž├Âz├╝me kavu┼čturulmas─▒ ama├ž edinilmi┼čtir. Parmaklar─▒n yerlerini ├Â─čretti─čimiz kadar belle─čimize de ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n kaydedilmesi ├Ânemlidir. G├Âsterilen azmin ve sabr─▒n sonucu olarak ortaya ├ž─▒kan yap─▒t ba┼čar─▒y─▒ daha da yukar─▒ seviyelere ├ž─▒karacakt─▒r

    PERJANJIAN KERJASAMA PEMBIAYAAN KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT ANTARA BPJS KESEHATAN DENGAN RSUD PALEMBANG BARI PADA MASA COVID-19

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    ABSTRAK : Pandemi Covid-19 merupakan wabah penyakit yang sedang meneror dunia saat ini, Salah satu yang beresiko terdampak efek dari pandemi ini adalah perjanjian yang dilaksanakan oleh BPJS Kesehatan dengan RSUD Palembang BARI. Permasalahan yang dibahas dalam tulisan kali ini adalah apakah perjanjian kerjasama pembiayaan kesehatan masyarakat antara Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan dengan Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Palembang  BARI memadai (adequate) dan mendukung (support) untuk digunakan pada masa pandemi COVID-19. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian normatif dan menggunakan dan pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan undang-undang (statuta approach) dan pendekatan kasus (case approach). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, bahwa sebenarnya perjanjian tentang pembiayaan kesehatan yang dilaksanakan oleh BPJS Kesehatan dengan RSUD Palembang BARI sudah memadai (adequate) dan mendukung (support) untuk digunakan pada masa Covid-19 akan tetapi perjanjian ini masih bisa ditingkatkan lagi dengan cara memasukan beberapa klausa kedalam perjanjian.Kata Kunci : Perjanjian, BPJS Kesehatan, RSUD Palembang BARI, Covid-19

    Scalable and Accurate Self-supervised Multimodal Representation Learning without Aligned Video and Text Data

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    Scaling up weakly-supervised datasets has shown to be highly effective in the image-text domain and has contributed to most of the recent state-of-the-art computer vision and multimodal neural networks. However, existing large-scale video-text datasets and mining techniques suffer from several limitations, such as the scarcity of aligned data, the lack of diversity in the data, and the difficulty of collecting aligned data. Currently popular video-text data mining approach via automatic speech recognition (ASR) used in HowTo100M provides low-quality captions that often do not refer to the video content. Other mining approaches do not provide proper language descriptions (video tags) and are biased toward short clips (alt text). In this work, we show how recent advances in image captioning allow us to pre-train high-quality video models without any parallel video-text data. We pre-train several video captioning models that are based on an OPT language model and a TimeSformer visual backbone. We fine-tune these networks on several video captioning datasets. First, we demonstrate that image captioning pseudolabels work better for pre-training than the existing HowTo100M ASR captions. Second, we show that pre-training on both images and videos produces a significantly better network (+4 CIDER on MSR-VTT) than pre-training on a single modality. Our methods are complementary to the existing pre-training or data mining approaches and can be used in a variety of settings. Given the efficacy of the pseudolabeling method, we are planning to publicly release the generated captions
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