23,876 research outputs found

    Apparel of the Reformation: The Significance of Fashion in Tudor England

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    This paper compiles research that addresses the importance of fashion in Tudor England. Specifically, it describes the important relationship clothing had to Catholicism and Protestantism and how the differentiation of ideologies could be seen in the construction and design of garments along with the specific adornments worn. The significance of these questions can be seen within the importance of micro-histories in this discipline. Something as simple and overlooked as fashion and fabric can really shed light on how people lived in a religiously divided Tudor England and how fractured their religious and social structures were. The paper aims to show how the importance of one’s Christian sect affiliation permeated deeply into the everyday lives and wardrobe of Tudor subjects and how this display of affiliation through fashion was a decisive choice which furthered the already growing conflict between Catholic and Protestant ideals.No embargoAcademic Major: HistoryAcademic Major: PhilosophyAcademic Major: Philosophy, Politics and Economic

    Constructing a Theological Framework That Revitalizes the Missional Nature of Churches of Christ in South Australia

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    This thesis addresses the need for a theological framework that revitalizes the missional nature of Churches of Christ in South Australia. The problem identified within this ministry context was a lack of clear theological principles that informed a common understanding of identity for missional engagement. The purpose of the project was to create a study guide that informs common theological commitments and grounds congregations for missional vitality. A research and development team made up of seven Church of Christ ministers from different backgrounds was assembled to design a curriculum that addressed the problem. Through eight two-hour sessions over four months in the first half of 2022, the team discussed a theological framework that could revitalize mission. This was informed by a Trinitarian theological rationale introduced as perichoresis. The conceptual framework for discussions included (1) the historical and theological foundations of Churches of Christ, (2) a Trinitarian doctrine of God presented as perichoresis, (3) contemporary congregational practices, and (4) a theological proposal for re-imagining mission. The team developed a study guide that promotes a dynamic theological framework for practicing theology and revitalizing the missional nature of the church. The artifact, Movement & Identity: Participating in the Life of God’s Mission, was evaluated by the team and members of Church of Christ congregations in South Australia. The curriculum is designed to assist participants with practical theological interpretation through (1) discovering new ideas about God in the context of Churches of Christ traditions, (2) engaging with contextual theology in community, (3) participating in God’s mission, and (4) reflecting on how God’s agency transforms the church. The development of the study guide will stimulate a practical theological framework that promotes dynamic theological dialogue and missional vitality for Churches of Christ in South Australia

    The Path of Synodality: Walking and Talking Together as the Mystical Body of Christ

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    The Church is by nature synodal and ‚Äúthe entire People of God is  challenged by its fundamentally synodal calling.‚ÄĚ Synodality is stablished to energize  the life and evangelising mission of the Church  in union with Christ. The fact that in practice she might be lacking in synodality sometimes or in some  places, does not invalidate this attribute. According to Pope Francis, ‚Äúit is precisely this path of  synodality which God expects of the Church of the third  millennium.‚ÄĚ Thus, ‚Äúwhile synodal procedure and events have a beginning, a process and a conclusion, synodality offers a specific description of the  historical development of the Church as such, breathes life into her  structures and directs her mission.‚ÄĚ Hence, the purpose of this essay is to throw  more light on this sublime feature of the Church (the path of synodality) and to bring out into fuller light the important functions of the members (the  Hierarchy and the Laity) who are walking and talking together with Christ, their Head, and with one another as ‚Äúthe Mystical Body of Christ.&nbsp

    Comedians without a Cause: The Politics and Aesthetics of Humour in Dutch Cabaret (1966-2020)

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    Comedians play an important role in society and public debate. While comedians have been considered important cultural critics for quite some time, comedy has acquired a new social and political significance in recent years, with humour taking centre stage in political and social debates around issues of identity, social justice, and freedom of speech. To understand the shifting meanings and political implications of humour within a Dutch context, this PhD thesis examines the political and aesthetic workings of humour in the highly popular Dutch cabaret genre, focusing on cabaret performances from the 1960s to the present. The central questions of the thesis are: how do comedians use humour to deliver social critique, and how does their humour resonate with political ideologies? These questions are answered by adopting a cultural studies approach to humour, which is used to analyse Dutch cabaret performances, and by studying related materials such as reviews and media interviews with comedians. This thesis shows that, from the 1960s onwards, Dutch comedians have been considered ‚Äėprogressive rebels‚Äô ‚Äď politically engaged, subversive, and carrying a left-wing political agenda ‚Äď but that this image is in need of correction. While we tend to look for progressive political messages in the work of comedians who present themselves as being anti-establishment rebels ‚Äď such as Youp van ‚Äėt Hek, Hans Teeuwen, and Theo Maassen ‚Äď this thesis demonstrates that their transgressive and provocative humour tends to protect social hierarchies and relationships of power. Moreover, it shows that, paradoxically, both the deliberately moderate and nuanced humour of Wim Kan and Claudia de Breij, and the seemingly past-oriented nostalgia of Alex Klaasen, are more radical and progressive than the transgressive humour of van ‚Äėt Hek, Teeuwen and Maassen. Finally, comedians who present absurdist or deconstructionist forms of humour, such as the early student cabarets, Freek de Jonge, and Micha Wertheim, tend to disassociate themselves from an explicit political engagement. By challenging the dominant image of the Dutch comedian as a ‚Äėprogressive rebel,‚Äô this thesis contributes to a better understanding of humour in the present cultural moment, in which humour is often either not taken seriously, or one-sidedly celebrated as being merely pleasurable, innocent, or progressively liberating. In so doing, this thesis concludes, the ‚Äėdark‚Äô and more conservative sides of humour tend to get obscured

    BEYOND THE MYTH: Screenwriting Approaches to Biographical Films

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    This PhD submission comprises an original screenplay on the relationship between African American activist Paul Robeson and the mining community of south Wales titled Robeson: They Can’t Stop Us Singing, and the accompanying exegesis. The aim is to explore, by academic study (gnosis) and creative practice (praxis), the previously overlooked field of writing biographical films, or biopics, and to acknowledge the role of the screenwriter in telling a person’s life story on film. The script is the experiment; the exegesis is the analysis and methodology. The role of the screenwriter is underrepresented across cinema studies, but no more so than in the discussion of biopics. My exegesis begins by exploring what academic and popular writing already exists on English-language biopics, highlighting that amidst auteurist approaches prevalent in cinema studies, little credit has been afforded to screenwriters. I seek to address this by examining how screenwriters have responded to historiographical and socio-political contexts while balancing the needs of the audience with factual integrity (or sometimes not), before using the case studies of Abraham Lincoln and Charles Lindbergh to explore how American hero figures have been represented on screen. How does a script written on Lincoln in 1939, for example, differ in terms of tone and political philosophy to one delivered in the 21st century? Using historical approaches, the exegesis then examines the life of Paul Robeson and the Welsh miners he knew, to observe the meticulous choices required by the screenwriter researching and writing a biopic script. Using primary sources (interviews with living dramatic writers, including the BAFTA-nominated screenwriter of the biopic, Good Vibrations) and secondary sources (screenplays, films, audio, interviews, other academic writing), I question where and when to begin and end a biographical story, which parts of a person’s life to include or jettison, how to make a historical figure’s events pertinent to a contemporary audience, and how to utilise fictionalised elements in a drama while adhering to a central truth. My own screenplay on Robeson and Wales is the embodiment of this research. The script demonstrates the myriad artistic decisions that need to be made to present the qualities and flaws of the historical figure. It shows why fictionalised moments and composite characters contribute to an understanding of a real person’s motives and feelings in a way documentary and historical writing cannot. And it stands as a record of the screenwriter’s previously overlooked contribution to creating biographical films

    La prensa carlista en el exilio: La Voz de la Patria y la internacional blanca

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    En las dos guerras de 1833-1840 y 1872-1876, los carlistas fundaron, gracias al apoyo de exiliados instalados en el pa√≠s, peri√≥dicos en Francia a trav√©s de los cuales pretend√≠an tanto eludir la censura y la represi√≥n en su pa√≠s como dirigirse a la opini√≥n p√ļblica europea y m√°s precisamente a sus partidarios contrarrevolucionarios m√°s all√° de las fronteras. La Voz de la Patria, creado en Bayona en 1874 por Carlos Ben√≠tez Caballero es buena muestra de esta prensa carlista en el exilio y de su papel fundamental en la conformaci√≥n de una internacional blanca pro-carlista, tanto por las mismas condiciones de elaboraci√≥n del peri√≥dico como por el ideario propagado por este t√≠tulo biling√ľe. De hecho, los promotores de esta empresa no se limitaron en crear un peri√≥dico dirigido hacia los propios refugiados carlistas en Francia y destinado a hacer de v√≠nculo entre ellos. Bien al contrario, hicieron de La Voz de la Patria un laboratorio y una caja de resonancia de la solidaridad pro-carlista que se organiz√≥ en Francia y en toda Europa durante la guerra de 1872-1876 y se dirigieron tanto a los carlistas como a los mon√°rquicos y cat√≥licos de Europa ‚Äďen especial franceses. La represi√≥n que padeci√≥ el peri√≥dico y el proceso que deriv√≥ en 1875 subrayan las angustias m√°rgenes de maniobra del Estado franc√©s para luchar contra un instrumento de subversi√≥n contrarrevolucionaria que usaba los c√≥digos del espacio p√ļblico liberal y pone de relieve la parad√≥jica modernidad de los carlistas y de sus aliados que supieron adaptar los instrumentos de la pol√≠tica liberal para usarlos en su propio combate

    Pupil-centred spiritual leadership: an empirical study of thirteen church primary school headteachers in England

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    The place of Church school headteachers as spiritual leaders of the school community is rarely highlighted. This article investigates how 13 Church primary school headteachers (Catholic Church of England, and Methodist) interpret this role. It draws on the Faith in the Nexus research which investigated how church primary schools nurtured pupils‚Äô spiritual development and facilitated faith activity in the home. The head teacher interviews revealed several recurring themes, such as empowering children, collective worship, relationships with church and parents, and the visibility of faith in school. This research brings together a comparison of leadership approaches from Catholic and Anglican headteachers. Evidence of differences emerged; Catholic headteachers tended to use ‚Äėovertly religious‚Äô language while many Anglican headteachers employed a more ‚Äėsecular‚Äô language to express their vision of spiritual leadership. A comparison with Shaw‚Äôs (Citation2015, 2017) model of ‚Äėethotic leadership‚Äô, highlighted much in common. The headteachers‚Äô ethos was pupil-centric and shaped by a focus on the spiritual development of the child. An adaptation of Shaw‚Äôs model is offered which places the child at the centre

    Do Catholics have an external locus of evaluation? Inauthentic experiences of Catholic guilt in the pursuit of self-forgiveness

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    This two-part mixed methods study investigated emotional response to transgression and selffor-giveness in Catholic individuals in concert with locus of evaluation orientation following a hypothe-sis that Catholics may be particularly unable to find self-forgiveness in the teachings of their reli-gion. Study 1 was a qualitative semi-structured interview with a sample of 20 practicing Catholic participants. Questions focused on the emotive experiences of selfforgiveness and transgressions and the contribution that Catholic practices (prayer and reconciliation) make to the process. Data were analysed using thematic analysis which supported evidence of Catholic guilt but suggested that there may be some inauthenticity and insincerity with which penitents' approach reconciliato-ry practices. Study 2 used a sample of 239 Christian participants in groups of Catholics and Christian non-Catholics. Participants responded to two psychometric questionnaires: the Heartland Forgiveness Scale, and the Locus of Evaluation Inventory. Followed by two additional questions pertaining to self-forgiveness experiences, and one question requiring participants to prioritise types of forgiveness. The results found no difference between Catholics and non-Catholics in their response to self-forgiveness or locus of evaluation orientation. However, in non-Catholic Christians but not in Catholics, the frequency of religious practice correlated with higher total forgiveness and its subscales (including self-forgiveness), with more internal locus of evaluation, and with lower self-regard, suggesting that church attendance does not relate to the propensity for self-forgiveness in Catholic individuals

    Methods of Inquiry: Police Corruption, Historical Anti-Corruption Experiences and Implications for Contemporary Practices

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    Historically, establishing a judicial commission in response to allegations of police corruption has been a regular method used by Australian governments. In Queensland alone, no less than five major inquiries with a remit to examine police corruption took place during the 27¬†years between 1963 and 1989. By using historical criminology, it is possible to unpack the cyclical need for such commissions as well as the reasons that most were unable to realise their goal to stamp out corruption in the public service and, more specifically, the police. This research reveals several key areas of weakness in the temporary inquiry system, including narrow terms of reference and the potential for obstruction in the investigatory process. Based on this, this article identifies several viable policy proposals centred on a renewed commitment to standing anti‚ÄĎcorruption bodies, separate from politics and with a broad remit to investigate police misconduct

    The contribution of infaq funds to socio-economic resilience during COVID-19 pandemic: An Islamic economics insight from Indonesia

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    This study aimed to analyse the contribution of infaq funds to the social and economic resilience of the community during the COVID-19 pandemic in West Papua, Indonesia. This study uses a mixed-method approach, combining qualitative and quantitative studies. Qualitative data were collected through focus group discussions with administrators, Dai [Islamic preacher] and mosque congregations to obtain information about the form and mechanism for disbursing infaq funds. Furthermore, the state of distribution of infaq funds is confirmed to the recipient community with an online survey as quantitative data. The data obtained were tabulated and analysed with descriptive and inferential statistics using multiple linear regression assisted by SPSS software 25 version. The research findings show that: firstly, the form of the social-economic contribution of infaq funds is carried out by: (1) financial assistance, (2) social assistance, and (3) health assistance. Secondly, infaq, an instrument of Islamic economics, can contribute to tackling the social and economic impacts of the community amid the COVID-19 outbreak. Thirdly, of the three forms of assistance provided, the health assistance aspect contributed 38.320%, the financial assistance aspect amounted to 37.173% and 24.339% to social assistance. This study shows that the community most needed health and financial assistance from infaq funds during the COVID-19 pandemic. Contribution: This study complements the existing literature and provides a new scientific treasure. That the infaq fund, as a philanthropy, turned out to be able to contribute to realising the social-economic resilience of the community during a disease outbreak. The form of health, financial and social assistance from infaq funds is a priority in accelerating the community’s economic recovery. It can be a countermeasure to socio-economic impacts during disasters and disease outbreaks
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