19,159 research outputs found

    Time-Dependent Random Walks and the Theory of Complex Adaptive Systems

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    Motivated by novel results in the theory of complex adaptive systems, we analyze the dynamics of random walks in which the jumping probabilities are {\it time-dependent}. We determine the survival probability in the presence of an absorbing boundary. For an unbiased walk the survival probability is maximized in the case of large temporal oscillations in the jumping probabilities. On the other hand, a random walker who is drifted towards the absorbing boundary performs best with a constant jumping probability. We use the results to reveal the underlying dynamics responsible for the phenomenon of self-segregation and clustering observed in the evolutionary minority game.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figure

    Mass Expansions of Screened Perturbation Theory

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    The thermodynamics of massless phi^4-theory is studied within screened perturbation theory (SPT). In this method the perturbative expansion is reorganized by adding and subtracting a mass term in the Lagrangian. We analytically calculate the pressure and entropy to three-loop order and the screening mass to two-loop order, expanding in powers of m/T. The truncated m/T-expansion results are compared with numerical SPT results for the pressure, entropy and screening mass which are accurate to all orders in m/T. It is shown that the m/T-expansion converges quickly and provides an accurate description of the thermodynamic functions for large values of the coupling constant.Comment: 22 pages, 10 figure

    Comment on "Mean First Passage Time for Anomalous Diffusion"

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    We correct a previously erroneous calculation [Phys. Rev. E 62, 6065 (2000)] of the mean first passage time of a subdiffusive process to reach either end of a finite interval in one dimension. The mean first passage time is in fact infinite.Comment: To appear in Phys. Rev.

    The mass content of the Sculptor dwarf spheroidal galaxy

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    We present a new determination of the mass content of the Sculptor dwarf spheroidal galaxy, based on a novel approach which takes into account the two distinct stellar populations present in this galaxy. This method helps to partially break the well-known mass-anisotropy degeneracy present in the modelling of pressure-supported stellar systems.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures. To appear in the proceedings of IAU Symposium 254 "The Galaxy disk in a cosmological context", Copenhagen, June 200

    Anomalous diffusion and generalized Sparre-Andersen scaling

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    We are discussing long-time, scaling limit for the anomalous diffusion composed of the subordinated L\'evy-Wiener process. The limiting anomalous diffusion is in general non-Markov, even in the regime, where ensemble averages of a mean-square displacement or quantiles representing the group spread of the distribution follow the scaling characteristic for an ordinary stochastic diffusion. To discriminate between truly memory-less process and the non-Markov one, we are analyzing deviation of the survival probability from the (standard) Sparre-Andersen scaling.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Solution to the 3-Loop Φ\Phi-Derivable Approximation for Massless Scalar Thermodynamics

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    We develop a systematic method for solving the 3-loop Φ\Phi-derivable approximation to the thermodynamics of the massless ϕ4\phi^4 field theory. The method involves expanding sum-integrals in powers of g2g^2 and m/T, where g is the coupling constant, m is a variational mass parameter, and T is the temperature. The problem is reduced to one with the single variational parameter m by solving the variational equations order-by-order in g2g^2 and m/T. At the variational point, there are ultraviolet divergences of order g6g^6 that cannot be removed by any renormalization of the coupling constant. We define a finite thermodynamic potential by truncating at 5th5^{th} order in g and m/T. The associated thermodynamic functions seem to be perturbatively stable and insensitive to variations in the renormalization scale.Comment: 57 pages, 10 figure

    Renormalization Group Summation and the Free Energy of Hot QCD

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    Using an approach developed in the context of zero-temperature QCD to systematically sum higher order effects whose form is fixed by the renormalization group equation, we sum to all orders the leading log (LL) and next-to-leading log (NLL) contributions to the thermodynamic free energy in hot QCD. While the result varies considerably less with changes in the renormalization scale than does the purely perturbative result, a novel ambiguity arises which reflects the strong scheme dependence of thermal perturbation theory.Comment: 7 pages REVTEX4, 2 figures; v2: typos correcte
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