6,454 research outputs found

    Electromagnetic surface modes in a magnetized quantum electron-hole plasma

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    The propagation of surface electromagnetic waves along a uniform magnetic field is studied in a quantum electron-hole semiconductor plasma. A new forward propagating mode, not reported before, is found by the effect of quantum tunneling, which otherwise does not exist. In the classical limit (0\hbar\rightarrow 0) one of the low-frequency modes is found similar to an experimentally observed one in nn-type InSb at room temperature. The surface modes are shown to be significantly modified in the case of high-conductivity semiconductor plasmas where electrons and holes may be degenerate. The effects of the external magnetic field and the quantum tunneling on the surface wave modes are discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; to appear in Phys. Rev. E (2011

    Nonlinear wave-wave interactions in quantum plasmas

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    Wave-wave interaction in plasmas is a topic of important research since the 16th century. The formation of Langmuir solitons through the coupling of high-frequency (hf) Langmuir and low-frequency (lf) ion-acoustic waves, is one of the most interesting features in the context of turbulence in modern plasma physics. Moreover, quantum plasmas, which are ubiquitous in ultrasmall electronic devices, micromechanical systems as well as in dense astrophysical environments are a topic of current research. In the light of notable interests in such quantum plasmas, we present here a theoretical investigation on the nonlinear interaction of quantum Langmuir waves (QLWs) and quantum ion-acoustic waves (QIAWs), which are governed by the one-dimensional quantum Zakharov equations (QZEs). It is shown that a transition to spatiotemporal chaos (STC) occurs when the length scale of excitation of linear modes is larger than that of the most unstable ones. Such length scale is, however, to be larger (compared to the classical one) in presence of the quantum tunneling effect. The latter induces strong QIAW emission leading to the occurrence of collision and fusion among the patterns at an earlier time than the classical case. Moreover, numerical simulation of the QZEs reveals that many solitary patterns can be excited and saturated through the modulational instability (MI) of unstable harmonic modes. In a longer time, these solitons are seen to appear in the state of STC due to strong QIAW emission as well as by the collision and fusion in stochastic motion. The energy in the system is thus strongly redistributed, which may switch on the onset of Langmuir turbulence in quantum plasmas.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figures (To appear in AIP Conf. Proceedings 2010

    Rossby rogons in atmosphere and in the solar photosphere

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    The generation of Rossby rogue waves (Rossby rogons), as well as the excitation of bright and dark Rossby envelpe solitons are demonstrated on the basis of the modulational instability (MI) of a coherent Rossby wave packet. The evolution of an amplitude modulated Rossby wave packet is governed by one-dimensional (1D) nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation (NLSE). The latter is used to study the amplitude modulation of Rossby wave packets for fluids in Earth's atmosphere and in the solar photosphere. It is found that an ampitude modulated Rossby wave packet becomes stable (unstable) against quasi-stationary, long wavelength (in comparision with the Rossby wave length) perturbations, when the carrier Rossby wave number satisfies k2<1/2k^2 < 1/2 or 2+13\sqrt{2}+13 or 1/2<k2<2+11/2<k^2<\sqrt{2}+1). It is also shown that a Rossby rogon or a bright Rossby envelope soliton may be excited in the shallow water approximation for the Rossby waves in solar photosphere. However, the excitation of small or large scale perturbations may be possible for magnetized plasmas in the ionosphereic EE-layer.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures; To appear in Europhysics Letter