2,576 research outputs found

    On the contact conditions for the charge profile in the theory of the electrical double layer for nonsymmetrical electrolytes

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    The contact value of the charge profile for nonsymmetrical electrolytes is presented as the sum of three contributions. One of them is the normal component of the Maxwell electrostatic stress tensor. The second one is the surface electrostatic property defined as the integral of the product of the gradient of the electrical potential and the density distribution function of coions. The third term is the bulk contribution defined by the sum for anions and for cations of the product of their charge and their partial pressure. For noncharged surfaces only the last two are present and have the same sign in the case of size asymmetry. In the case of charge asymmetry the contact value of the charge profile is the result of the competitions of bulk and surface terms in which the bulk term is dominant. Using both the contact theorems for the density and the charge profiles, the exact expressions for the contact values of the profiles of coions and counterions are obtained and some related properties are discussed.Comment: 5 page

    Spontaneous polarisation of the neutral interface for valence asymmetric coulombic systems

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    In this paper, we discuss the phenomenon of a spontaneous polarisation of a neutral hard planar interface for valence asymmetric coulombic systems. Within a field theoretical description, we account for the existence of non trivial charge density and electric potential profiles. The analysis of the phenomenon shows that the effect is related to combinatorics in relation with the existence of the two independent species cations and anions. This simple and basic feature is related to the quantum mechanical properties of the system. The theoretical results are compared with numerical simulations data and are shown to be in very good agreement, which a fortiori justifies our physical interpretation.Comment: 12 pages, 11 figure

    Tidal wave in 102Pd: Rotating condensate of up to seven d-bosons

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    The yrast states of even even vibrational and transitional nuclei are inter- preted as a rotating condensate of interacting d-bosons and the corresponding semi-classical tidal wave concept. A simple experimental manifestation of the anharmonicity caused by the boson interaction is found. The interpretation is substantiated by calculations based on the Collective Model and the Cranking Model.Comment: Proceedings of CGS1

    Emergence of rotational bands in ab initio no-core configuration interaction calculations of light nuclei

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    The emergence of rotational bands is observed in no-core configuration interaction (NCCI) calculations for the odd-mass Be isotopes (7<=A<=13) with the JISP16 nucleon-nucleon interaction, as evidenced by rotational patterns for excitation energies, quadrupole moments, and E2 transitions. Yrast and low-lying excited bands are found. The results demonstrate the possibility of well-developed rotational structure in NCCI calculations using a realistic nucleon-nucleon interaction.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figures; to be published in Phys. Lett.
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