310 research outputs found

    (1+1)-Dimensional SU(N) Static Sources in E and A Representations

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    Here is presented a detailed work on the (1+1) dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills theory with static sources. By studying the structure of the SU(N) group and of the Gauss' law we construct in the electric representation the appropriate wave functionals, which are simultaneously eigenstates of the Gauss' operator and of the Hamiltonian. The Fourier transformation between the A- and the E-representations connecting the Wilson line and a superposition of our solutions is given.Comment: 10 pages, no figures, REVTEX, as in Phys. Rev.

    Quantum Holonomies for Quantum Computing

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    Holonomic Quantum Computation (HQC) is an all-geometrical approach to quantum information processing. In the HQC strategy information is encoded in degenerate eigen-spaces of a parametric family of Hamiltonians. The computational network of unitary quantum gates is realized by driving adiabatically the Hamiltonian parameters along loops in a control manifold. By properly designing such loops the non-trivial curvature of the underlying bundle geometry gives rise to unitary transformations i.e., holonomies that implement the desired unitary transformations. Conditions necessary for universal QC are stated in terms of the curvature associated to the non-abelian gauge potential (connection) over the control manifold. In view of their geometrical nature the holonomic gates are robust against several kind of perturbations and imperfections. This fact along with the adiabatic fashion in which gates are performed makes in principle HQC an appealing way towards universal fault-tolerant QC.Comment: 16 pages, 2 figures, REVTE

    Static Colored SU(2) Sources in (1+1)-Dimensions - An Analytic Solution in the Electric Representation

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    Within the Schroedinger Electric Representation we analytically calculate the complete wave functional obeying Gauss' law with static SU(2) sources in (1+1)-dimensions. The effective potential is found to be linear in the distance between the sources as expected.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figs, REVTE

    Mixed state non-Abelian holonomy for subsystems

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    Non-Abelian holonomy in dynamical systems may arise in adiabatic transport of energetically degenerate sets of states. We examine such a holonomy structure for mixtures of energetically degenerate quantal states. We demonstrate that this structure has a natural interpretation in terms of the standard Wilczek-Zee holonomy associated with a certain class of Hamiltonians that couple the system to an ancilla. The mixed state holonomy is analysed for holonomic quantum computation using ion traps.Comment: Minor changes, journal reference adde

    Realization of Arbitrary Gates in Holonomic Quantum Computation

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    Among the many proposals for the realization of a quantum computer, holonomic quantum computation (HQC) is distinguished from the rest in that it is geometrical in nature and thus expected to be robust against decoherence. Here we analyze the realization of various quantum gates by solving the inverse problem: Given a unitary matrix, we develop a formalism by which we find loops in the parameter space generating this matrix as a holonomy. We demonstrate for the first time that such a one-qubit gate as the Hadamard gate and such two-qubit gates as the CNOT gate, the SWAP gate and the discrete Fourier transformation can be obtained with a single loop.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure

    Quantum computation with trapped ions in an optical cavity

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    Two-qubit logical gates are proposed on the basis of two atoms trapped in a cavity setup. Losses in the interaction by spontaneous transitions are efficiently suppressed by employing adiabatic transitions and the Zeno effect. Dynamical and geometrical conditional phase gates are suggested. This method provides fidelity and a success rate of its gates very close to unity. Hence, it is suitable for performing quantum computation.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, REVTEX, second part modified, typos correcte

    Entanglement of two qubits in a relativistic orbit

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    The creation and destruction of entanglement between a pair of interacting two-level detectors accelerating about diametrically opposite points of a circular path is investigated. It is found that any non-zero acceleration has the effect of suppressing the vacuum entanglement and enhancing the acceleration radiation thereby reducing the entangling capacity of the detectors. Given that for large accelerations the acceleration radiation is the dominant effect, we investigate the evolution of a two detector system initially prepared in a Bell state using a perturbative mater equation and treating the vacuum fluctuations as an unobserved environment. A general function for the concurrence is obtained for stationary and symmetric worldlines in flatspace. The entanglement sudden death time is computed.Comment: v2: Some typo's fixed, figures compressed to smaller filesize and added some references

    Refocusing schemes for holonomic quantum computation in presence of dissipation

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    The effects of dissipation on a holonomic quantum computation scheme are analyzed within the quantum-jump approach. We extend to the non-Abelian case the refocusing strategies formerly introduced for (Abelian) geometric computation. We show how double loop symmetrization schemes allow one to get rid of the unwanted influence of dissipation in the no-jump trajectory.Comment: 4 pages, revtex

    Decoherence-free dynamical and geometrical entangling phase gates

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    It is shown that entangling two-qubit phase gates for quantum computation with atoms inside a resonant optical cavity can be generated via common laser addressing, essentially, within one step. The obtained dynamical or geometrical phases are produced by an evolution that is robust against dissipation in form of spontaneous emission from the atoms and the cavity and demonstrates resilience against fluctuations of control parameters. This is achieved by using the setup introduced by Pachos and Walther [Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187903 (2002)] and employing entangling Raman- or STIRAP-like transitions that restrict the time evolution of the system onto stable ground states.Comment: 10 pages, 9 figures, REVTEX, Eq. (20) correcte
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