126 research outputs found

    Acute myocardial infarction and syncope in an 18-year-old athlete with an abnormal origin of the left coronary artery: a case report

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    We report a case of acute myocardial infarction and syncope in an 18-year-old athlete during high-performance exercise. A coronary arteriography and an angiographic computed tomography scan subsequently revealed a left coronary arterial origin from the right aortic sinus along with an intramural course of the left main stem. The patient was successfully treated with surgical unroofing of the left main stem from inside the aorta. To our knowledge, this is the first report demonstrating this type of anomaly pre- and postoperatively by use of angiographic computed tomography scan in the context of acute coronary syndrome

    Increased Rate of Stent Thrombosis and Target Lesion Revascularization After Filter Protection in Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction 15-Month Follow-Up of the DEDICATION (Drug Elution and Distal Protection in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction) Trial

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    ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of distal protection during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).BackgroundThe use of distal filter protection during primary PCI increases procedure complexity and may influence lesion treatment and stent implantation.MethodsThe STEMI patients were assigned to distal protection (DP) (n = 312) or conventional treatment (CT) (n = 314). Clinical follow-up was performed after 1, 6, and 15 months, and angiographic follow-up after 8 months. All target lesion revascularizations (TLRs) were clinically driven. We report the pre-specified end points of stent thrombosis according to the criteria of the Academic Research Consortium, TLR, and reinfarction after 15 months.ResultsThe total number of stent thrombosis was 11 in the DP group and 4 in the CT group (p = 0.06). The rate of definite stent thrombosis was significantly increased in the DP group as compared with the CT group, with 9 cases versus 1 (p = 0.01). Clinically driven TLRs (31 patients vs. 18 patients, p = 0.05) and clinically driven target vessel revascularizations (37 patients vs. 22 patients, p = 0.04) were more frequent in the DP group.ConclusionsIn primary PCI for STEMI, the routine use of DP increased the incidence of stent thrombosis and clinically driven target lesion/vessel revascularization during 15 months of follow-up. (Drug Elution and Distal Protection in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Trial [DEDICATION]; NCT00192868

    Unreported exclusion and sampling bias in interpretation of randomized controlled trials in patients with STEMI

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    Aims: To assess the impact of sampling bias due to reported as well as unreported exclusion of the target population in a multi-center randomized controlled trial (RCT)of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and Results: We compared clinical characteristics and mortality between participants in the DANAMI-3 trial to contemporary non-participants with STEMI using unselected registries. A total of 179 DANAMI-3 participants (8%)and 617 contemporary non-participants (22%)had died (Log-Rank: P < 0.001)after a median follow-up of 1333 days (range: 1–2021 days). In an unadjusted Cox regression model all groups of non-participants had a higher hazard ratio to predict mortality compared to participants: eligible excluded (n = 144)(hazard ratio: 3.41 (95% CI: (2.69–4.32)), ineligible excluded (n = 472)(hazard ratio: 3.42 (95% CI: (2.44–4.80), eligible non-screened (n = 154)(hazard ratio: 3.37 (95% CI: (2.36–4.82)), ineligible non-screened (n = 154)(hazard ratio: 6.48 (95% CI: (4.77–8.80). Conclusion: Sampling bias had occurred due to both reported and unreported exclusion of eligible patients and the difference in mortality between participants and non-participants could not be explained only by the trial exclusion criteria. Thus, screening logs may not be suited to address the risks of sampling bias

    Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) presenting with ventricular fibrillation in an adult: a case report

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    Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly. The usual clinical course is severe left sided heart failure and mitral valve insufficiency presenting during the first months of life. However, in some cases collateral blood supply from the right coronary artery is sufficient and symptoms may be subtle or even absent. Arrhythmias or sudden cardiac death in adult life may be the first clinical presentation in patients with ALCAPA. We report a case, where a 39-year old woman presented with ventricular fibrillation during phycial exertion. Coronary angiography and CT-angiography revealed an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery, and an aortic reimplantation of the left coronary artery was performed followed by ICD implantation. A review of the literature on ALCAPA is presented along with CT images before and after surgery

    MR-proADM as a Prognostic Marker in Patients With ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction - DANAMI-3 (a Danish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients With STEMI) Substudy

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    Background Midregional proadrenomedullin ( MR ‐pro ADM ) has demonstrated prognostic potential after myocardial infarction ( MI ). Yet, the prognostic value of MR ‐pro ADM at admission has not been examined in patients with ST‐segment–elevation MI ( STEMI ). Methods and Results The aim of this substudy, DANAMI‐3 (The Danish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients with ST ‐segment–elevation myocardial infarction), was to examine the associations of admission concentrations of MR ‐pro ADM with short‐ and long‐term mortality and hospital admission for heart failure in patients with ST ‐segment–elevation myocardial infarction. Outcomes were assessed using Cox proportional hazard models and area under the curve using receiver operating characteristics. In total, 1122 patients were included. The median concentration of MR ‐pro ADM was 0.64 nmol/L (25th–75th percentiles, 0.53–0.79). Within 30 days 23 patients (2.0%) died and during a 3‐year follow‐up 80 (7.1%) died and 38 (3.4%) were admitted for heart failure. A doubling of MR ‐pro ADM was, in adjusted models, associated with an increased risk of 30‐day mortality (hazard ratio, 2.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.01–7.11; P =0.049), long‐term mortality (hazard ratio, 3.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.97–5.29; P &lt;0.0001), and heart failure (hazard ratio, 2.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.32–5.58; P =0.007). For 30‐day and 3‐year mortality, the area under the curve for MR ‐pro ADM was 0.77 and 0.78, respectively. For 3‐year mortality, area under the curve (0.84) of the adjusted model marginally changed (0.85; P =0.02) after addition of MR ‐pro ADM . Conclusions Elevation of admission MR ‐pro ADM was associated with long‐term mortality and heart failure, whereas the association with short‐term mortality was borderline significant. MR ‐pro ADM may be a marker of prognosis after ST‐segment–elevation myocardial infarction but does not seem to add substantial prognostic information to established clinical models. Clinical Trial Registration URL : http:/www.ClinicalTrials.gov /. Unique identifiers: NCT 01435408 and NCT 01960933. </jats:sec

    Long-term results after simple versus complex stenting of coronary artery bifurcation lesions:nordic bifurcation study 5-year follow-up results

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    ObjectivesThis study sought to report the 5-year follow-up results of the Nordic Bifurcation Study.BackgroundRandomized clinical trials with short-term follow-up have indicated that coronary bifurcation lesions may be optimally treated using the optional side branch stenting strategy.MethodsA total of 413 patients with a coronary bifurcation lesion were randomly assigned to a simple stenting strategy of main vessel (MV) and optional stenting of side branch (SB) or to a complex stenting strategy, namely, stenting of both MV and SB.ResultsFive-year clinical follow-up data were available for 404 (98%) patients. The combined safety and efficacy endpoint of cardiac death, non–procedure-related myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization were seen in 15.8% in the optional SB stenting group as compared to 21.8% in the MV and SB stenting group (p = 0.15). All-cause death was seen in 5.9% versus 10.4% (p = 0.16) and non–procedure-related myocardial infarction in 4% versus 7.9% (p = 0.09) in the optional SB stenting group versus the MV and SB stenting group, respectively. The rates of target vessel revascularization were 13.4% versus 18.3% (p = 0.14) and the rates of definite stent thrombosis were 3% versus 1.5% (p = 0.31) in the optional SB stenting group versus the MV and SB stenting group, respectively.ConclusionsAt 5-year follow-up in the Nordic Bifurcation Study, the clinical outcomes after simple optional side branch stenting remained at least equal to the more complex strategy of planned stenting of both the main vessel and the side branch
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